Timeline of Florida history
This is a timeline of the U.S. state of Florida.
|History of Florida|
- 15,405–14,146 BC: Page-Ladson site.
- 9320 BC: Cutler Fossil Site.
- 8000 BC: Warm Mineral Springs.
- 7500 BC: Devil's Den Cave.
- 5370–5260 BC: Windover Archaeological Site.
- 3400 BC: Horr's Island burial mounds.
- Various: Populated by indigenous tribes, such as the Apalachee, Timucua, Ais, Calusa, Jaega, Mayaimi, Tequesta and Tocobaga.
- 1502: Florida is mapped on the Cantino map
- 1513 April 2: Ponce de Leon is claimed to have discovered Florida.[verification needed]
- 1515–1519: Spanish explorers visit Pinellas barrier islands while trading with Tocobaga.
- 1528: Panfilo de Narvaez expedition explores the Pinellas Peninsula.
- 1538: The horse introduced into Florida
- 1539: Hernando de Soto expedition names present Tampa Bay "La Bahia de Espiritu Santo".
- 1549: A fleet led by Tristán de Luna y Arellano anchors in Pensacola Bay and sets up the encampment of Puerto de Santa Maria.
- 1560: Menéndez commanded the galleons of the great Armada de la Carrera Española Treasure Fleet.
- 1564: Fort Caroline north of Jacksonville is established by the French.
- 1565: Pedro Menéndez de Avilés establishes the city of St. Augustine.
- 1565 September 20: Spanish attack Fort Caroline and kill most of the French, some escape.
- 1571 December: Pedro Menéndez wrecks at Cape Canaveral and meets hostile natives thought to be of the Ais Indian Nation.
- 1586 June: Sir Francis Drake attacks and sacks St. Augustine.
- 1596 March 22: Gonzalo Méndez de Canço appointed Governor and Captain General of Florida.
- 1601: King Philip III of Spain commissioned a map of Florida which includes a fort he wants built in Miami.
- 1603: Pedro Ibarra appointed Governor of Florida.
- 1605: "Period of Friendship" between Spanish and Native Tribes started because of the diplomatic trip of Alvaro Mexia.
- 1700: Settlers in the Province of Carolina and their Indian allies raid the Ais people.
- 1702–1713: Queen Anne's War. Tocobaga virtually annihilated. English raids reach Tampa Bay. Pinellas largely deserted.
- 1715, July 30: Hurricane causes the sinking of the 1715 Treasure Fleet.
- 1743: Spanish established a short-lived mission on Biscayne Bay.
- 1739–1748: War of Jenkins' Ear. English mapping expeditions visit Pinellas Peninsula.
- 1757: Spanish expedition renames Tampa Bay "La Bahia de San Fernando", after the Spanish king; names entrance to Tampa Bay "La Punta de Pinal de Jimenez" (Point of Pines).
- 1768: The colony of New Smyrna is established by Dr. Andrew Turnbull.
- 1795: With the Treaty of San Lorenzo, U.S. and Spain recognized the 31st parallel as the northern boundary of Florida.
- 1812: Republic of East Florida.
- 1817–1818: First Seminole War.
- February 22: Adams–Onís Treaty is signed between Spain and the United States.
- February 22: Spain officially cedes Florida to United States as part of the Adams–Onís Treaty.
- March 10: Andrew Jackson is appointed military governor of Florida by James Monroe being the first American governor.
- July 10: José María Coppinger leaves office as the last governor of East Florida.
- July 17: José María Callava the final Spanish and colonial governor of West Florida and Florida as a whole leaves office.
- July 21: Escambia County and St. John's County, Florida's first two counties are established.
- December 31: Andrew Jackson leaves office as the governor of Florida.
- Lighthouse built in St. Augustine.
- May 9: U.S. government signs the Treaty of Payne's Landing with some of the Seminole chiefs, promising them lands west of the Mississippi River if they agreed to leave Florida voluntarily
- 1835–1842: Second Seminole War.
- March 16: Richard K. Call is appointed Territorial Governor of Florida by Andrew Jackson.
- 1837: Fort Ann was established on the eastern shore of the Indian River in what is now Brevard County.
- 1838 January 26: Calhoun County is established.
- March 19: Richard K. Call is appointed Territorial Governor of Florida.
- 1842: Armed Occupation Act provides for land grants in unsettled parts of Florida.
Statehood era (1845–present)
- 1848 January 8: Holmes County is established.
- January 8: Sumter County is established.
- September 10: Tampa incorporates as a town.
- 1854 December 29: Volusia County is established.
- 1855–1858: Third Seminole War
- 1856: Florida Historical Society is incorporated.
- January 8 – November 23: Battle of Pensacola occurs, some historians believe this to be the first battle of the American Civil War.
- January 10: Florida secedes from the United States.
- February 8: Baker and Polk County are established.
- April 22: Florida joined the Confederate States of America at the beginning of the Civil War.
- October 8: Battle of Santa Rosa Island.
- October 16–18: Battle of Fort Brooke.
- February 20: Battle of Fort Myers.
- June 28: Florida rejoins the United States.
- April 14: Gainesville is incorporated.
- 1870: Barber–Mizell feud
- August 11: Tampa reincorporates a town.
- July 31: Orlando is first incorporated being a town.
- 1877: Compromise of 1877 completed the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Florida (aftermath of Civil War)
- The Great Fire of Key West occurs.
- May 12: Osceola County is established.
- May 13: Lee County is established.
- May 19: DeSoto County is established.
- May 27: Lake County is established.
- June 2: Pasco County is established.
- July 15: Tampa reincorporates for a 5th and final time as a city.
- August 15: Eatonville, Florida, incorporated; the first all-black town to be formed after the Emancipation Proclamation.
- February 29: St. Petersburg is first incorporated being a town.
- 1894 December: Great Freeze destroys much of Florida's crops (especially citrus).
- October 14: Sarasota is incorporated as a town.
- 1909 April 30: Palm Beach County is established.
- March 27: Fort Lauderdale is incorporated.
- January 1: Pinellas County is established.
- April 2: Saint Augustine Fire of 1914
- 1920s: Florida land boom.
- December 14–15: Perry race riot.
- May 13: Apalachicola National Forest established.
- November 15: Ku Klux Klan raid of La Paloma nightclub
- 1943 September 26: Florida's first oil well is drilled in Collier County by Humble Oil Company.
- 1947: Everglades National Park dedicated.
- 1949 March 21: The first television station in Florida begins broadcasting, WTVJ. It is the 16th TV station to start broadcasting in the United States and is the oldest station still broadcasting in the state.
- January 1: Sebring International Raceway opens and holds its first race.
- December 25: Murder of Harry and Hariette Moore
- May 28 – December 22: Tallahassee bus boycott.
- August 27: Ax Handle Saturday
- Port St. Lucie is incorporated.
- 1962 February 20: Launched from Cape Canaveral, John Glenn orbits the Earth three times with Friendship 7.
- 1963–1964: St. Augustine movement
- December 29: Hotel Roosevelt fire
- June 18: 1964 Monson Motor Lodge protests
- August 6: Miami Dolphins football team plays its first game.
- Super Bowl II is held at the Miami Orange Bowl between the Green Bay Packers and the Oakland Raiders. It is the first Super Bowl championship to be played in Florida. This is also one of only two Super Bowl championships to be played 2 consecutive years at the same stadium.
- May 6 – August 30: Sanitation workers go on strike in St. Petersburg. What begins as a strike later evolves into protests and then rioting.
- August 5–8: 1968 Republican National Convention is held in Miami Beach.
- August 7–8: 1968 Miami riot.
- November 5: Florida ratifies a new constitution.
- 1969 July 20: Apollo 11 is launched from Kennedy Space Center landing the first humans on the moon.
- 1971 October 1: Walt Disney World opens, with Magic Kingdom as its first park.
- 1973 December 15: SeaWorld Orlando opens.
- 1974: Big Cypress National Preserve became the first national preserves in the United States National Park System.
- 1975 January 3: Canaveral National Seashore established.
- 1976 September 12: Tampa Bay Buccaneers football team plays its first game.
- 1982 October 1: The Walt Disney Company opens its second park in Florida, Epcot.
- 1984 May 20: Metrorail begins operating in Miami and is the first and only rapid transit/metro system in Florida.
- 1985: wreck of the Nuestra Señora de Atocha discovered off Key West, listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as being the most valuable shipwreck to be recovered.
- 1988 November 5: Miami Heat plays its first basketball game.
- 1993: 3 professional sports teams are introduced in Florida. Miami Marlins baseball team, Jacksonville Jaguars football team and Florida Panthers hockey team.
- October/November: St. Petersburg, Florida riots of 1996
- 1999 May 28: Universal Studios opens its adjacent park, Islands of Adventure.
- 2000 November 7–December 12: Disputed Florida ballots in the United States presidential election delay the results of the overall national result.
- 2011 October 15: Legoland Florida opens in Lakeland.
- 2012 July 18–21: 2012 Republican National Convention is held in Tampa.
- 2014: Florida becomes the United States' third-most populous state.
- August 24–27: The date the 2020 Republican National Convention was planned to be held in Jacksonville which was replaced with a virtual online convention.
- Straub, W. L. History of Pinellas County, p. 27. The Record Company. St. Augustine, Florida. 1929.
- Largo Bicentennial Book Committee. Largo, then till..., p. 2. Largo Area Historical Society Archived 2011-02-02 at the Wayback Machine. 1979.
- Rouse, Irving (1981). Survey of Indian River Archaeology. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 45. ISBN 978-0-404-15668-8.
- "1715 Plate Fleet, Page 10" (PDF). Brevard County Historical Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Pinellas County Planning Department as staff for the Pinellas County Planning Council. (PCPD) Pinellas County Historical Background, p. 4. No city. No date.
- ben.dibiase (2015-04-01). "Florida's First Telephone Exchange". Florida Historical Society. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
- "History of Sarasota". Sarasota Police Department. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- "First Florida Oilwell". aoghs.org. Retrieved February 9, 2015.