Timeline of Fortaleza


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Prior to 20th century


  • 1649 - Fortaleza founded by Dutch.[1]
  • 1810 - Town becomes capital of Ceará.[2]
  • 1823 - Fortaleza attains city status.[2]
  • 1846 - Lighthouse fortress [pt] built.
  • 1854 - Bishopric established.[2]
  • 1864 - Seminário Episcopal do Ceará [pt] (seminary) founded.
  • 1872 - Population: 42,458.[3]
  • 1877 - Drought.[1]
  • 1887 - Instituto do Ceará [pt] (learned society) founded.[4]
  • 1890 - Population: 40,902.[2]
  • 1894 - Academia Cearense de Letras [pt] (literary society) founded.[4]

20th century


  • 1910 - Theatro José de Alencar (theatre) opens.
  • 1915 - Drought.[1]
  • 1918 - Fortaleza Sporting Club founded.
  • 1919 - Colégio Militar de Fortaleza [pt] established.
  • 1920 - Population: 78,536
  • 1928 - O Povo newspaper begins publication.[5]
  • 1929 - Ceará Flying Club [pt] founded.
  • 1932
    • Ceará History Museum [pt] established.
    • Drought.[1]
  • 1933 - Ferroviário Atlético Clube (football team) formed.
  • 1940 - Population: 180,901.
  • 1942 - Drought.[1]
  • 1946 - Regional Labor Court headquartered in city.
  • 1950 - Population: 205,052.[6]
  • 1957 - Tribuna do Ceará newspaper begins publication.[5]
  • 1960
    • Population: 514,818.
    • City plan presented by Helio Modesto.[1]
  • 1962 - Pirambu shantytown rally.[1]
  • 1966 - Pinto Martins – Fortaleza International Airport terminal built.
  • 1970 - Population: 520,175 city; 828,763 urban agglomeration.[7]
  • 1971 - Integrated Development Plan for the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza presented.
  • 1973 - Castelão stadium opens.
  • 1974 - Shopping Center Um [pt] in business.
  • 1979 - Aldeota [pt], Cocó [pt], Meireles [pt], Papicu [pt], and Varjota [pt] development begins (approximate date).[1]
  • 1980
    • Ceará Museum of Image and Sound [pt] established.
    • Population: 1,308,919.
  • 1981
  • 1982
    • Federacao de Bairros y Favelas de Fortaleza (community organization) founded.
    • Iguatemi Fortaleza [pt] shopping center in business.
  • 1989 - Cocó Park established.
  • 1990 - Juraci Vieira de Magalhães [pt] becomes mayor.
  • 1991
    • Cearah Periferia (housing organization) established.[8]
    • Population: 1,765,794.[3]
  • 1992 - Central de Artesanato do Ceará [pt] (craft center) built.
  • 1993
    • Hospital São Mateus [pt] established.
    • Population: 1,846,955 (estimate).[9]
  • 1997 - City divided into 7 administrative regions.(pt)
  • 1999 - Dragão do Mar Center of Art and Culture inaugurated.

21st century


See also


References


  1. Gondim 2004.
  2. Britannica 1910.
  3. "Tabela 1.6 - População nos Censos Demográficos, segundo os municípios das capitais - 1872/2010", Sinopse do Censo Demografico 2010 (in Portuguese), Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, retrieved 5 September 2018
  4. Alencar 1903.
  5. "Brazil: Directory". Europa World Year Book 2003. Europa Publications. 2003. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  6. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  7. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  8. Cabannes 1997.
  9. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  10. "2010 census". Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  11. "Tear Gas Fired Outside Stadium in Brazil, but Protest Still Spreads Inside", New York Times, 19 June 2013

This article incorporates information from the Portuguese Wikipedia.

Bibliography


in English

in Portuguese