Timeline of Hong Kong history


The following is a timeline of the history of Hong Kong.

Imperial China


Date Ruling entity Events Other people/events
221 BCQin DynastyFirst records of the territory in Chinese history
206 BCHan DynastyInhabitants in Ma Wan Island
25 ADBuilding of Lei Cheng Uk Han Tomb (est.)
901 ADPunti settlement
1075Song DynastyFounding of Li Ying College
1163Salt fields in Hong Kong first officially managed
1277China's Imperial court found refuge in Silvermine Bay on Lantau Island during the Battle of Yamen
1513Ming DynastyJorge Álvares arrives in Tuen Mun
1661Qing DynastyKangxi Emperor orders the Great Clearance, which requires the evacuation of the coastal areas of Guangdong. What is now the territory of Hong Kong became largely wasteland during the ban.[1]
1669The coastal ban is lifted
1685Kangxi Emperor opens limited trade on a regular basis starting with Canton
1757British East India Company pursued a monopoly on opium production beginning with India in the far east
1793Anglo-Chinese relations
1839First Opium War (1839–42)

Colonial Hong Kong


British Crown colony

Date Governor Events Other people/events
1841Charles ElliotConvention of Chuenpi
Commodore James Bremer at Possession Point
1842Henry PottingerTreaty of Nanking
1843Formation of the Legislative Council and Executive CouncilYing Wa College, world's first Anglo-Chinese school relocated to Hong Kong
1844
1847John Francis DavisBuilding of Kowloon Walled city
1848
1851George BonhamTaiping Rebellion
1853Chinese serial
1854
1855John BowringFirst proposal of Praya Reclamation Scheme
1856Second Opium War
1859Hercules Robinson
1860Convention of Peking,
British rules Kowloon south of Boundary Street,
Establishment of Diocesan Girls' School
1861British acquired Kowloon PeninsulaFrederick Stewart modernise HK education
1865Establishment of HK Shanghai Bank
1866Richard Graves
MacDonnell
Four big families of Hong Kong (est.)
1868The Viceroy of Guangdong and Guangxi, ordered four customs stations to be established in waterways surrounding Hong Kong and Kowloon at Fat Tong Chau, Ma Wan, Cheung Chau and Kowloon Walled City. It was so-called "blockade of Hong Kong" by the Hong Kong Government.[2] These stations ceased to operate in 1899 after the lease of the New Territories to Britain.[3]
1872Tung Wah Hospital established
1874Arthur Kennedy1874 Hong Kong TyphoonFounding of the Universal Circulating Herald
1877Arthur Kennedy
1882John Pope Hennessy
1883George Bowen
1887William Des VœuxWestern medical science reaches Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese
1888Founding of Peak Tram
1891William Robinson
1894Third Pandemic of Bubonic Plague
1898Second Convention of Peking,
British rules New Territories and New Kowloon
1899Six-Day War
1904Henry Arthur BlakePeak Reservation Ordinance
19061906 Hong Kong typhoon
1907Matthew Nathan
19081908 Hong Kong Typhoon
1912Frederick LugardEstablishment of the Republic of China,
Qing Dynasty overthrown
1915Establishment of St. Paul's Co-educational College
1918Happy Valley Racecourse fire
Gresson Street shootout
1919Francis Henry May
1921Praya East Reclamation Scheme
1922Seamen's strike of 1922
1923Reginald Edward StubbsSun Yat-sen proclaimed his anti-corruption revolutionary ideas came from Hong Kong during HK university speech
1924Land allocation for Kai Tak Airport
1925Canton-Hong Kong strike
1926Cecil ClementiFirst Chinese member appointed to Executive Council
1928First pre-RTHK radio broadcast
1930William Peel
1933Founding of Kowloon Motor Bus
1935Andrew Caldecott
1937Great Hong Kong Typhoon of 1937

British Crown colony

Date Governor Events Other people/events
1947First government count of Hong Kong Taxi
1948Alexander GranthamHK Social Welfare Department formed
1949Establishment of People's Republic of China
1953Shek Kip Mei Fire
1955Kashmir Princess assassination attempt
1956Hong Kong 1956 riots
1957RTV a first terrestrial television stationAsian Flu
1958Robert Brown Black
1960Four Asian Tigers (est.)
Typhoon Mary
1962Typhoon Wanda
1964David Clive Crosbie Trench
1966Hong Kong 1966 riots
Visit of Princess Margaret in March[4]
Cultural Revolution in China
1967Hong Kong 1967 riots
TVB a second terrestrial television station
1968Hong Kong flu
1971Murray MacLehose6-year free Primary education fundedTyphoon Rose
1972Small House Policy
1972 Hong Kong landslides
PRC request HK and Macau off United Nations list
1974Independent Commission Against Corruption established
Home Ownership Scheme introduced
1976Home Ownership Scheme introduced
1978Chinese Economic Reform begins in China
1979Establishment of Mass Transit Railway
1980PRC United Front strategy (est.)
1982Edward YoudeATV replacing RTV
1983Black Saturday
1984Sino-British Joint Declaration and the proposal of One country, two systems
1985Braemar Hill murders
1987David WilsonBlack Monday
1989More than 1 million people marched for three consecutive Sundays in Hong Kong, including 1.5 million on May 28.Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests
1990Basic Law proclaimed
1991STAR TV a first satellite television station
1992Chris PattenUnited States-Hong Kong Policy Act
1993Cable TV Hong Kong a first pay television station
Lan Kwai Fong stampede
1996Garley Building fire
Phoenix Satellite Television a first satellite television station based in Hong Kong
1997Tsing Ma Bridge opened.
Hong Kong transferred to the People's Republic of China.

HKSAR


Date Chief Executive Events Other people/events
1997Tung Chee HwaFirst Special Administrative Region government formed.
Beginning of mass poultry disposal as part of Bird Flu crisis.
Asian Financial Crisis
1998Kai Tak International Airport replaced by Hong Kong International Airport
1999Right of Abode debate
Hello Kitty murder
Flight 642 crash
PRC bans Falun Gong and other "heterodox religions"
2001Director of Immigration v Chong Fung Yuen
2003SARS outbreak, 1:99 Concert
Leslie Cheung suicide
CEPA
Demonstration against Article 23
Harbour Fest
Murder of Robert Kissel
Death of Anita Mui
2005Donald TsangResignation of Tung Chee-hwa
Opening of Hong Kong Disneyland
2005 Hong Kong electoral reform
2005 protest for democracy
WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference
2006Opening of Ngong Ping 360
Demolition of Star Ferry Pier
The Bus Uncle
2007MTR–KCR merger
2007 HK Island by-election
2008Edison Chen photo scandal
Leung Chin-man appointment controversy
HK holds 2008 Olympics Equestrian event
HK holds 2008 Paralympics Equestrian event
ATV management debacle
Citizens' Radio raided
Mong Kok acid attacks
Demolition of Queen's Pier
Beijing Olympics
Bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers
Sichuan earthquake
Artistes 512 Fund Raising Campaign
20092009 East Asian Games
20th anniversary Tiananmen square incident march
2009 Hong Kong Broadcasting Authority forum
2009 flu pandemic in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Macau cultural exchange
July 2009 Ürümqi riots
Global financial crisis
Xinjiang journalist attack
Artistes 88 Fund Raising Campaign
20102010 Hong Kong new year march
Five Constituencies referendum
TVB monopoly case
21st anniversary Tiananmen square incident march
CE and LegCo selection document
Opposition to the Guangzhou-Hong Kong Express Rail Link
Artistes 414 Fund Raising Campaign
Manila hostage crisis
2011Hong Kong 818 incident
Vallejos v. Commissioner of Registration
2011 Fa Yuen street fire
Free Ai Weiwei street art campaign
2012Dolce & Gabbana photo incident
Early 2012 Hong Kong protests
Moral and National Education controversy
Hong Kong plastic disaster
Lamma Island ferry collision
Hong Kong mainland China driving scheme
2013CY LeungComilang v. Commissioner of Registration
Vallejos v. Commissioner of Registration
2013 Hong Kong dock strike
2014Knife attack on Kevin Lau
2014 electoral reform
2014 Hong Kong Protests (Umbrella Revolution)
2015Causeway Bay Books disappearances
Heavy metal in drinking water incidents
HKU pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy
2016January 2016 East Asia cold wave
Mong Kok civil unrest
Hong Kong Legislative Council oath-taking controversy
Hong Kong LegCo candidates' disqualification controversy
2017Carrie LamImprisonment of Hong Kong democracy activists
2018Opening of Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section
Tai Po Road bus accident
Opening of the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge
Victor Mallet visa controversy
Typhoon Mangkhut
2019Extradition law controversy (protests)
2020 COVID-19 pandemic
National Anthem Ordinance passed
National Security Law passed

See also


References