Timeline of Jakarta


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Jakarta, Indonesia.

Prior to 19th century


The Tijgersgracht canal lined with the houses of the city's most prominent families, c. 1682

19th century


  • 1804 – Negara Palace built.
  • 1811 – British took power.[4]
  • 1814
    • Dutch rule of city restored.[4]
    • Theatre built.
  • 1821 – Schouwburg Weltevreden concert hall built.
  • 1829 – Hotel de Provence established.
  • 1836 – 3 February: the first government steamboat, Willem I, arrived at the Batavia shipyard of Island Onrust. This was followed by the arrival of another steamer from the "Nederland" Royal Mail line in September 1871.[7]
  • 1837 – Frederik-Hendrik citadel built.[4]
  • 1851 – Medical school founded.[4]
  • 1853
    • "Society for the promotion of industry and agriculture" established.[4]
    • By the end of 1853, the first exhibition of agricultural products and native arts and crafts was held in Batavia.[7]
  • 1860 – Gymnasium William III established.[4][7]
  • 1864
    • March – a concession was granted to the Netherlands Indian Railway Company for the construction of a railway between Batavia and Buitenzorg.[7][8]
    • Zoo established by Vereneging Plantenen Dierentuin.[9]
  • 1868 – Gedung Gajah museum opens.
  • 1869
    • The opening of Suez canal reduces the voyage from Europe to Batavia to 5 weeks.[10]
    • Batavia Tramway Company started the horse-tram line, 'nr 1: Old Batavia' (now Kota Tua). The route started at Amsterdam Poort in the northern end of Prinsenstraat (now Jalan Cengkeh) and then reached Molenvliet (Jalan Gajah Madah) and Harmonie.[11]
  • 1870
  • 1871
  • 1877 – A boom occurred in the international trade activity with Europe and the increase of shipping led to the construction of a new harbor at Tanjung Priok between 1877 and 1883.[7]
  • 1878 – 1 June: Commemoration of the first centenary of the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences was held on June 1, 1878.[7]
  • 1879 – Gambir Palace built.
  • 1880 – Population of Batavia: 96,957.[4]
  • 1881
    • 1 December: the first dock of the Netherlands Indian Dry Docks Company was opened on Pulau Amsterdam (Eiland Amsterdam, present Pulau Untung Jawa) in the roadsteads of Batavia.[7]
    • Batavia-Buitenzorg-Cicurug railway line completed.[8]
  • 1882
    • Batavia-Buitenzorg-Cicurug-Sukabumi railway line completed.[8]
    • Horse-tram lines were reconstructed into steam tram lines.
  • 1883
    • Batavia-Buitenzorg-Cicurug-Sukabumi-Cianjur railway line completed.[8]
    • 12 August to 19 November: an exhibition of agricultural products and native arts and crafts was held at Batavia's Koningsplein.[7]
    • Dutch Indies Telephone Company established in Batavia.[7]
  • 1884
  • 1886 – Tanjung Priuk Station completed, connecting Tanjung Priok harbor with Batavia.[7]
  • 1888 – 15 January: an anatomical and bacterial laboratory established in Batavia.[7]
  • 1886 – Tanjung Priok harbor built.[4]
  • 1894 – 1 November: Batavia-Surabaya connected with the opening of the railway section Tasikmalaya-Maos
  • 1895 – 16 July: Pasteur Institute established.[7]
  • 1898 – Population of Batavia: 115,567.[4]
  • 1899 – The electric train operated. It was the first ever electric train in the Kingdom of Netherlands.[11]

20th century


1900s–1940s

1950s–1990s

21st century


2000s

2010s

2020s

  • 2020
    • 1 January: Flood strikes the Jakarta Metropolitan Area on 1 January 2020.

See also


References


  1. Yaneo Ishii, ed. (1998), "Kelapa (Batavia)", The junk trade from Southeast Asia: translations from the Tôsen fusetsu-gaki, 1674–1723, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, ISBN 9812300228, OL 522465M
  2. Forbes 2004.
  3. John Bowman, ed. (2000). "Indonesia". Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. USA: Columbia University Press. p. 436+. ISBN 978-0-231-50004-3.
  4. Britannica 1910.
  5. David Lea and Colette Milward, ed. (2001). "Indonesia". Political Chronology of South East Asia and Oceania. Political Chronologies of the World. Europa Publications. pp. 58–80. ISBN 978-1-135-35659-0.
  6. Kusno 2014.
  7. Teeuwen, Dirk (2007). Landing stages of Jakarta/Batavia.
  8. GEDENKBOEK, Staatsspoor en Tremwegen in Nederlandsch Indie 1875–1925
  9. Vernon N. Kisling, ed. (2000). "Zoological Gardens of Asia: Indonesia (chronological list)". Zoo and Aquarium History. USA: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-3924-5.
  10. de Jong 1998, p. 283.
  11. Teeuwen, Dirk Rendez Vous Batavia From horsepower to electrification. Tramways in Batavia-Jakarta, 1869–1962. (Rotterdam, 2007) Archived 13 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  12. Kooy 2014.
  13. Merrillees 2012, p. 138.
  14. "Netherlands: Dutch East Indies". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921.
  15. "Jakarta Encyclopedia", Jakarta.go.id, Jakarta Capital City, retrieved 30 September 2015
  16. "Indonesia". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1.
  17. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966.
  18. Nas 2005.
  19. "Southeast Asia, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  20. "Jakarta Post". 28 July 2001. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016.
  21. A. Lin Neumann (1998). "Bringing Back a Legend: Tempo Magazine Reopens in Jakarta". Special Reports. New York: Committee to Protect Journalists.
  22. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  23. Gunawan Tjahjono (2003). "Reviving the Betawi Tradition: The Case of Setu Babakan". Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. 15 via University of California, Berkeley.
  24. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  25. Tarrant, Bill (2008). Reporting Indonesia : the Jakarta Post Story. Jakarta: Equinox. p. 66. ISBN 978-90-04-04331-2.
  26. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". USA: City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  27. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  28. Pluralism Project (2007). "International Portrait: Indonesia". Harvard University.
  29. East Asia's Changing Urban Landscape, World Bank, 2015
  30. BBC News. "Indonesia Profile: Timeline". Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  31. Rudi, Alsadad (15 January 2013). "15 Januari Genap 9 Tahun Transjakarta, Bagaimana Kini?". Kompas. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  32. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012.
  33. Jakarta in Figures 2014 (PDF), Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta, ISSN 0215-2150
  34. "After Disaster, Governor Faced with Challenge of Keeping Jakarta Dry". New York Times. 20 February 2013.
  35. "Indonesian capital Jakarta hit by deadly flooding". BBC News. 17 January 2013.
  36. "Indonesia protest: President Joko Widodo cancels Australia visit". BBC News. 5 November 2016.
  37. McKirdy, Euan (5 November 2016). "Thousands rally in Jakarta over governor's alleged blasphemy". CNN.
  38. "50,000 Muslim hardliners rally against governor in Jakarta". Bangkok Post. 4 November 2016.
  39. "Di Balik Pembukaan Asian Games 2018: Eko Supriyanto & Denny Malik". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  40. "Olympic dreams as Asian Games close in Jakarta". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  41. "Jakarta metro inaugurated". Metro Report. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  42. "Indonesia protests: Hundreds hurt in student-police clashes". Al Jazeera. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.

This article incorporates information from the Indonesian Wikipedia and German Wikipedia.

Bibliography


Published in the 20th century
Published in the 21st century