Timeline of Manila

The following is a timeline of the history of the city and metropolitan area of Manila.

Prior to 20th century

20th century



21st century

See also


  1. Made in the Americas: the New World Discovers Asia. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 2015. ISBN 978-0-87846-812-6.
  2. Schellinger 1996.
  3. Catholic Encyclopedia 1910.
  4. Bankoff 2012.
  5. Henri Bouchot (1890). "Topographical index of the principal towns where early printing presses were established". In H. Grevel (ed.). The book: its printers, illustrators, and binders, from Gutenberg to the present time. H. Grevel & Co.
  6. Artemio R. Guillermo (2012). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7246-2.
  7. "Southeast Asia, 1600–1800 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  8. Britannica 1910.
  9. Morse 1823.
  10. Haydn 1910.
  11. http://admu.edu.ph/history. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. Huetz de Lemps 2001.
  13. Chambers 1901.
  14. Burzynski 2002.
  15. Chiba 2005.
  16. "Manila (Philippines) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  17. David E. Gardinier & Josefina Z. Sevilla-Gardinier (1989). "Rosa Sevilla de Alvero and the Instituto de Mujeres of Manila". Philippine Studies. 37 (1): 29–51. JSTOR 42633130.
  18. David H. Stam, ed. (2001). "Philippines". International Dictionary of Library Histories. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 1579582443.
  19. Nelly Young Egbert, ed. (1907). List of Books in the American Circulating Library of Manila. Manila: Bureau of Printing.
  20. Stinner 1981.
  21. Webster's Geographical Dictionary, USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, p. 666, OL 5812502M
  22. The History of Volleyball in the Philippines The Volleyball Story London Olympic Media Guide Volleyball Early Development Archived 25 January 2013 at archive.today Volleyball: Striking the interest of Filipinos since 1910 The Volleyball Story Archived 11 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine Vball Trivia History of Volleyball Memorandum to Colonel Bruce Palmer Giving the Game Away Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  23. The Straits Times, Singapore, 18 January 1910, page 7.
  24. Charles C. Mann (2011). 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-26572-2.
  25. "Movie Theaters in Manila, Philippines". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  26. Lenman 2004.
  27. "Timelines: History of the Philippines from 30000 BC to AD 2013", World Book, USA
  28. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  29. "Philippines". Europa World Year Book 2004. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1857432533.
  30. Arn 1995.
  31. Illy 1986.
  32. "San Francisco Sister Cities". USA: City & County of San Francisco. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  33. van Naerssen 1989.
  34. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  35. BBC News. "Timeline". Philippines Profile. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  36. Sumsky 1992.
  37. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  38. "Philippines". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  39. Garrido 2008.
  40. "Typhoon kills 32 in Vietnam; Philippine toll at 246". Reuters. 29 September 2009.
  41. "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2012. United Nations Statistics Division. 2013.
  42. "Rains Flood a Third of Manila Area, Displacing Thousands". New York Times. 7 August 2012.
  43. Pope Manila Mass drew record crowd of 6-7 million, Reuters, 18 January 2015
  44. "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations


Published in the 19th century
  • Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Manilla", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse
  • William Milburn; Thomas Thornton (1825). "Manilla". Oriental Commerce; or the East India Trader's Complete Guide. London: Kingsbury, Parbury, and Allen.
  • Fedor Jagor (1875). "Manilla". Travels in the Philippines. London: Chapman and Hall.
  • John Ramsay McCulloch (1880), "Manilla", in Hugh G. Reid (ed.), A Dictionary, Practical, Theoretical and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, London: Longmans, Green, and Co.
  • "Philippines: Manila". The Chronicle & Directory for China, Corea, Japan, the Philippines, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Siam, Borneo, Malay States, &c. Hong Kong: Daily Press. 1892.
  • Margherita Arlina Hamm (1898), Manila and the Philippines, London: F.T. Neely, OL 7237592M
  • John Foreman (1899), "(Manila)", The Philippine Islands (2nd ed.), New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • Manila and the Philippine Islands: an up to date handbook of facts, New York: Philippines Company, 1899, OL 24648057M
Published in the 20th century
  • "Manila", Chambers's Encyclopaedia, London: W. & R. Chambers, 1901
  • Commercial Directory of Manila, Manila, 1901, OL 7214150M
  • Burton Holmes (1901), "Manila", The Burton Holmes Lectures, Battle Creek, Michigan: Little-Preston, OCLC 5082081
  • C.W. Rosenstock, ed. (1904), Manila City Directory
  • Historical Notes Concerning Manila. United States government. 1904.
  • Kemlein & Johnson's guide and map of Manila and vicinity. 1908.
  • Manila, the pearl of the Orient, Manila, Philippine Islands: Manila Merchants' Association., 1908, OCLC 5296360, OL 7012107M
  • "Manila", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 via Internet Archive
  • Philip M. Finegan (1910). "Manila". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York.
  • Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Manilla", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co.
  • George Amos Miller (1912). Interesting Manila: Historical Narratives Concerning the Pearl of the Orient (3rd ed.). Manila: E.C. McCullough.
  • Philippines. Office of Public Welfare Commissioner. (1922), Directory of charitable and social service organizations and institutions in the city of Manila (2nd ed.), Manila: Bureau of Printing, OL 7214795M
  • Mauro Garcia, ed. (1971), Focus on old Manila, Manila: Philippine Historical Association
  • Edilberto De Jesus. 'Manila's first factories', Philippine Historical Review, 4 (1971)
  • Nicolas Zafra (1974), The colonization of the Philippines and the beginnings of the Spanish city of Manila, Manila: National Historical Commission
  • William F. Stinner & Melinda Bacol-Montilla (1981). "Population Deconcentration in Metropolitan Manila in the Twentieth Century". Journal of Developing Areas. 16 (1): 3–16. JSTOR 4190969. PMID 12338830.
  • Daniel F. Doeppers. Manila, 1900-1941: Social change in a late colonial metropolis (New Haven: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, 1984).
  • Hans F. Illy (1986). "Regulation and Evasion: Street-Vendors in Manila". Policy Sciences. 19 (1): 61–81. doi:10.1007/BF02124484. JSTOR 4532068.
  • Ton van Naerssen (1989). "Continuity and Change in the Urban Poor Movement of Manila, the Philippines". Urban Social Movements in the Third World. Routledge. p. 199+. ISBN 1-136-85686-2.
  • Ramon Ma Zaragoza (1990), Old Manila, Singapore: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195889738
  • Melinda Tria Kerkvliet, Manila workers' unions, 1900-1950 (Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1992).
  • Victor V. Sumsky (1992). "City as Political Actor: Manila, February 1986". Alternatives: Global, Local, Political. 17 (4): 479–492. doi:10.1177/030437549201700404. JSTOR 40644756.
  • Jack Arn (1995). "Pathway To The Periphery: Urbanization, Creation Of A Relative Surplus Population, And Political Outcomes In Manila, Philippines". Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development. 24 (3/4): 189–228. JSTOR 40553284.
  • Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Manila". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 565+. ISBN 9781884964046.
  • Xavier Huetz de Lemps. 'Shifts in meaning of "Manila" in the nineteenth century', in Old ties and new solidarities: Studies on Philippine communities, ed. C. J.-H. Macdonald and G. M. Pesigan (Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2000)
Published in the 21st century
  • Charles L. Choguill (2001). "Manila: City of Hope or a Planner's Nightmare?". Built Environment. 27 (2): 85–95. JSTOR 23287514.
  • Xavier Huetz de Lemps [fr] (2001). "Waters in Nineteenth Century Manila". Philippine Studies. 49 (4): 488–517. JSTOR 42633496. PMID 18551808.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Joseph Burzynski (2002). "Timber Trade and the Growth of Manila, 1864-1881". Philippine Studies. 50 (2): 168–192. JSTOR 42634459.
  • Cristina Pantoja Hidalgo (2002). "Metro Manila: City in Search of a Myth". Philippine Studies. 50 (3): 303–326. JSTOR 42634469.
  • "Manila", Philippines, Lonely Planet, 2003, p. 87+, OL 8906497M
  • "Manila". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 2003.
  • Bruce P. Lenman (2004). "Manila". In Ooi Keat Gin (ed.). Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 854+. ISBN 978-1-57607-770-2.
  • Yoshihiro Chiba (2005). "Cigar-Makers in American Colonial Manila: Survival during Structural Depression in the 1920s". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 36 (3): 373–397. doi:10.1017/s0022463405000214. JSTOR 20072667.
  • Gavin Shatkin (2007). Collective Action and Urban Poverty Alleviation: Community Organizations and the Struggle for Shelter in Manila. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-4786-7.
  • Marco Garrido (2008). "Civil and Uncivil Society Symbolic Boundaries and Civic Exclusion in Metro Manila". Philippine Studies. 56 (4): 443–465. JSTOR 42633976.
  • Greg Bankoff (2012). "Tale of Two Cities: the Pyro-Seismic Morphology of 19th-century Manila". In Greg Bankoff; et al. (eds.). Flammable Cities: Urban Conflagration and the Making of the Modern World. USA: University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 170–189. ISBN 978-0-299-28383-4.