Timeline of Philippine history

This is a timeline of Philippine history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in the Philippines and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see history of the Philippines.

Graphic timeline


500,000The early humans in the Cagayan cave.
400,000People belonging to the species Homo Erectus set foot on the Philippines.
250,000 Human habitation is said to be began. [1]
[clarification needed]
55,000The first Homo sapiens in the Philippines.[citation needed]
50,000Early humans made stone tools in the Tabon Cave in Palawan.
8,000The ancestors in the other caves: Batangas, Bulacan and Rizal.
The other caves of Palawan: Guri and Duyong cave where the Homo sapiens lived.
40,000Negritos start to settle.[1]
[clarification needed]
35,000At the old Kapampangan region was ten times larger than the present borders shown on the map, years ago, a series of the ancient Mount Pinatubo eruptions dumped lava, ashes, tephra and lahar into the sea, forming the present landmass of the region.
20,000Tabon Man made stone tools in the Tabon Cave.
4,500–300Multiple Austronesian migrations from Taiwan.[2][3]
A jade culture is said to have existed as evidenced by tens of thousands of exquisitely crafted jade artifacts found at a site in Batangas province.[2][3]
c.4000Earliest evidence of rice growing, domesticating chickens and pigs.
3,000Presumed date of the Angono Petroglyphs.
c.2000The Igorots built forts made of stone walls that averaged several meters in width and about two to three times the width in height around[4][5]

11th centuries BCE

c.1000 BCE.The Late Neolithic period in the Philippines, Evidence shows by a Yawning Jarlet on the Burial site in Leta-leta caves in Palawan by Robert Fox which had later become National treasure in the Philippines.
Mining in the Philippines began around 1000 BCE. The early Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. Jewels, gold ingots, chains, calombigas and earrings were handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. Gold dagger handles, gold dishes, tooth plating, and huge gold ornamets were also used.[6]

9th–10th centuries BCE

901 BCEThe beginning of Iron Age finds in Philippines also point to the existence of trade between Tamil Nadu and the Philippine Islands during the ninth and tenth centuries B.C.

1st century BCE

890–710 BCEThe Sa Huyun culture, Evidence can be found in Manunggul Jar which is a secondary burial jar excavated from a Neolithic burial site in Manunggul cave of Tabon Caves at Lipuun Point. The depiction of sea-waves on the lid places this Manunggul jar in the Sa Huỳnh culture pottery tradition. These are people that migrated in an East to West migration from the Borneo-Palawan area to Southern Vietnam.
600 BCEThe people of Palawan, Cordillera an Batanes become an Ancient goldsmith’s, An Ancient goldsmith shop had discovered that made the 20-centuries-old lingling-o, or omega-shaped gold ornaments in Batanes.
c.400 BCElarger villages came about- usually based near water, which made traveling and trading easier. The resulting ease of contact between communities meant that they began to share similar cultural traits, something which had not previously been possible when the communities consisted only of small kinship groups.
300-200The start of the Carabao or Water buffaloes domestication and husbandry.
100 BCEPomponius Mela, Marinos of and the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentioned this island in 100 BCE, and it is basically the equivalent to the Indian Suvarnadvipa, the "Island of Gold." Josephus calls it in Latin Aurea, and equates the island with biblical Ophir, from where the ships of Tyre and Solomon brought back gold and other trade items.

1st century CE

21 ADThe Philippines is believed by some historians to be the island of Chryse, the "Golden One," which is the name given by ancient Greek writers in reference to an island rich in gold east of India.
Cebu had earlier encounter with the Greek traders in 21 AD.

2nd–3rd century

101Since at least the 3rd century, the indigenous peoples were in contact with other Southeast Asian and East Asian nations.Fragmented ethnic groups established numerous city-states formed by the assimilation of several small political units known as barangay each headed by a Datu or headman (still in use among non-Hispanic Filipino ethnic groups) and answerable to a king, titled Lakan and Rajah.
c.200 ADThe Maitum Jars are anthropomorphic jars that were depicting a Child/ Human beings (head is the lead of the jar with ears and the body was the jar itself with hands and feet as the handle) with perforations in red and black colors, had been used as a secondary burial jars in Ayub cave, Pinol, Maitum Sarangani province, each of the jars had a "facial expression". Another example of funeral pottery in the Philippines.
Marks the end of the Sa Huyun Culture, The People are merged into different Chiefdoms, Kingdoms and Thalassocracies, But the remnants of Sa Huyun has still practiced by the natives of Masbate the artifacts can be found in Kalanay Cave proof that the ancient Masbatenios still practiced the Sa Huyun culture until 1500 AD.
220–263 AD.The period of Three Kingdoms in China. The "Little, dark people" living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han people. Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo. They were known as Aetas from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended.

4th century onwards

400The development of inter-island and international trade, became more culturally homogeneous.
The Thalassocracies Converted to Hinduism and Buddhism and adopted the Hindu-Buddhist culture and religion flourished among the noblemen in this era.

7th century

c.601The Chiefdoms of Zabag and Wak-Wak situated in present-day Pampanga and Aparri specialized the trade with Japan and the Kingdom of Ryukyu in Okinawa and Hyrum tambok.
Numerous prosperous centers of trade had emerged, including the Tondo, Kingdom of Namayan which flourished alongside Manila Bay, Cebu, Iloilo, Butuan, the Kingdom of Sanfotsi situated in Pangasinan.

8th century

700The Birth of Kawi script, this Abugida are become widely used in the Maritime Southeast Asia, the word Kawi or Kawikaan means "Poetry" in Sanskrit.

10th century

900April 21End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized Kingdom of Tondo around Manila Bay.
Hinduism spread across the archipelago.
971–982The earliest date suggested for direct Chinese contact with the Philippines was 982. At the time, merchants from "Ma-i" (now thought to be either Bay, Laguna on the shores of Laguna de Bay, or a site on the island of Mindoro[7][8]
1000Buddhism and Hinduism along with the Animism become the religion of the most of Philippine archipelago by the influence of its neighbors.
c.1025 ADAround the feet of Mt.Kamhatik near Mulanay town in Quezon Province once stood a 280-hectare ancient village where the archeologists found a 1000-year-old limestone coffins on a jungle-covered mountain top from 2011 to 2012 proof of the advance burial rituals of the early Filipinos.[9][10]

11th century

1000People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in Sulu
1001March 17Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Indic Rajahnate of Butuan.
1003The construction of Idjangs in Batanes Islands (mountain fortress-cities) built by Ivantans.

12th century

1007The Malay immigrants arrived In Palawan, most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains.
1150Gat Timamanukum become the Lakan of the Tondo Dynasty.
c.1155At the time, the trade in large native Ruson-tsukuri (literally Luzon made in Japanese: 呂宋製 or 呂宋つくり) clay jars used for storing green tea and rice wine with Japan flourished in the 12th century, and local Tagalog, Kapampangan and Pangasinense potters had marked each jar with Baybayin letters denoting the particular urn used and the kiln the jars were manufactured in.
1174–1175The Visayan Confederation of Madyas conducted a series of raids on Formosa (Modern day Taiwan), which was part of Song Dynasty China.
1175Namayan reaches its peak.
c. 1180Before the establishment of the Sultanate of Sulu, The Indianized chiefdom of Lupah Sug (which is the present day Jolo, Sulu) was flourishing. Dwelling of the Buranun peoples under the rule of Rajah Sipad the Older.

13th century

1200The Indonesians of the Majapahit in the 13th century went to Palawan, they brought with them Buddhism and preached to the natives, natives converted their faith from Animism and become Buddhists.
The process of Kabayan mummification had begun in Ibaloi Benguet which is also called Fire mummies.
1221Tondo expands its territories north towards Kapampangan kingdom, in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1221Tondo expands its territories southward towards Kumindang (which is the present location of Batangas province), in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1223Tondo expands its territories southward towards Bicolandia in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1240Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.
1225The Tondo conquered the most of Southern Luzon.
The Buddhist Huangdom of Ma-i was flourishing in the island of Mindoro, became a Tributary state to Song Dynasty in the leadership of Gat Sa Lihan as their Huang (king). Zhao Rugua, a superintendent of maritime trade in Fukien province wrote the book entitled Zhu Fan Zhi ("Account of the Various Barbarians") in which he described trade with a country called Ma-i in the island of Mindoro in Luzon,(pronounced "Ma-yi") which was a prehispanic Philippine state.

14th century

1300The birth of the five scripts (Baybayin, Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, Buhid, and the Kulitan script from Brahmi.
1300The Rajahnate of Cebu was founded after the rebellion of Sri Lumay against the Maharajah of Chola Dynasty had succeeded.
c.1305The Residents of Mandaluyong have always been known for their industry. Men did the laundry to the amusement of non-residents until shortly after the war, while the women ironed the clothes.
1365Kingdom of Tondo defeated Majapahit in the Battle of Manila.
1369The Sulus attacked Majapahit and its province Po-ni (Brunei), looting it of treasure and gold. A fleet from Majapahit succeeded in driving away the Sulus, but Po-ni was left weaker after the attack.
1380Sheikh Karim-ul Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.[11]
1390Baguinda Ali arrives in Buansa, Sulu and the people named him Rajah.[11]

15th century

1405The Yongle Emperor instituted a Chinese envoy on Luzon during Zheng He's voyages and appointed Ko Ch'a-lao to that position in 1405. China also had vassals among the leaders in the archipelago. China attained ascendancy in trade with the area in Yongle's reign.
1411Paduka Pahala reigned as the King of Lupah Sug in Sulu. He and his family and 300 other people of noble descent sailed to China, he was to pay tribute to the Yongle Chinese emperor, Zhu Di, who was of the Ming Dynasty. While he was welcomed by the emperor upon his arrival in China, he nevertheless contracted a mysterious disease on his way home and died at Dezhou, a town in Shandong province in China.
1411December 11The Yongle Emperor holds a banquet in honor of Pangasinan and its Huang Liyu.
1457Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sayyid Abubakar Abirin.[12]
1458–1459October 1547 – February 1549The Lucoes, or warriors from Luzon send soldiers to the Burmese Siamese wars and faced the White elephants of the Royal Burmese Army, at the same time also aiding the Burmese King for the conquest of the Siamese capital, Ayuthaya.
1470Namayan Become the Vassal state of the Tondo Dynasty and instated Lakan Takhan as sovereign. The vast Kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta, Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate, Santa Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman that were then part of Mandaluyong.

16th century


1500In the Battle of Manila the Tondo Dynasty defeated by Bruneian Empire. And the Rise of Kingdom of Maynila the puppet state under the Bolkiah dynasty had installed its puppet ruler under Rajah Sulayman.
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in recorded history, The Buag Eruptive Period, Its eruptions were roughly the same size as those of 1991.
Sultan Bolkiah of Bruniean Empire Allies which is Maynla, Sultanate of Sulu and Maguindanao had failed to attack the Panay Island and wage a war against the Madyas Confederation.


1521March 16Discovery of the Philippines: Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place the Archipelago de San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus. He also lands on Samar island.[1][13][14][15][16]
March 28Magellan reaches the Philippines[14][15]
March 29Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa[14][15]
March 31The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated.[15][17][18]
April 7Magellan lands on Cebu; meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood Compact.[1][14][15]
April 14 The first Mass in Cebu province is celebrated, with about 500 natives, including Rajah Humabon and his wife, baptized into the Catholic Church. [19]
April 27Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan; Spaniards defeated.[14][15][19]
1525Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed[13][15]
1526Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot Expedition also failed[15]
1527Spain sends a fourth expedition under Álvaro de Saavedra Cerón to the Philippines.[15]
1529Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way home.[15]


1536The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de Urdaneta, its chronicler.[15]


1543Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines. The Expedition succeeds.[15]
February 2Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias; he also becomes the first to explore Mindanao island, naming it "Cesarea Caroli."[15][17]


1565 Arrival of the Augustinians [13]
February 13Miguel López de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines, landing in Cebu, with four ships and 380 men[1][13][15][20]
April 27 Legazpi returns to Cebu; settlement established. [clarification needed]
May 8Legazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country[15][20]
June 4Legazpi, representing King Philip II of Spain, and Rajah Tupas of Cebu signed the Treaty of Cebu, effectively establishing Spanish suzerainty over Cebu.
Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
1567Dagami Revolt (1567)[21][22][23][24][25]
1568The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack Cebu and blockade its port.
1569 Present-day Capiz Province becomes a Spanish settlement. [26]
Legazpi moves the seat of government from Cebu to Iloilo. [13]
August 6 King Philip II of Spain, through a royal decree, creates Cebu as the country's first Spanish province; he also appoints Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as governor and captain general of the territory. [27]


1570The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.
MayLegazpi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila.[20]
1571 January 1 Legazpi establishes municipality of Cebu and names it "Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus" (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). [17][28]
May 19The ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards
June 24Legazpi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims it the capital of the colony[13][20]
December 11 Provincehood of Pampanga, first province in Luzon to be inaugurated by the Spaniards. [29]
1572August 20Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General (1572–1575)[13][20][30]
1574 November 7 Enslavement of Filipinos is prohibited by a royal cedula from the Spanish king, as a response to a protest against it a day earlier. [29]
Chinese pirate Limahong, with his men, invades Luzon; proceeds later to Manila. [13]
November 23The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails[13][31]
[verification needed]
December 2Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the Spaniards[13][31]
[verification needed]
DecemberLakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish.[21][22][23][24][25]
1575Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres (later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain Pedro de Sanchez
Juan de Salcedo defeats Limahong and his men in Pangasinan, forcing them to flee into the mountains. [13]
August 25Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (1575–1580)[30]
1577 Arrival of the Franciscans [13]
1579Diocese of Manila established[32][33]


1580AprilGonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza appointed Governor-General (1580–1583)[30]
April 5 Establishment of Pangasinan as a provincial unit. [26]
King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese harassment of the Philippines
The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.
1581 Arrival of the country's first bishop, Salazar. [13]
Arrival of the Jesuits [13]
MarchArrival of the first Dominicans in the Philippines[34][35]
1582Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin
1583March 10Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (1583–1584)[30]
AugustA great fire destroys Manila.[36]
1584May 16Santiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (1584–1590)[30]
1585Pampangos Revolt (1585)[21][22][23][24][25]
1586The construction of San Agustin Church in Intramuros.
1587July 21Arrival of Miguel de Benavides with the second batch of Dominicans in the Philippines, and the establishment of the Province of the Most Holy Rosary of the Philippines[35][37]
Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587–1588)[21][22][23][24][25]
1589Revolts Against the Tribute (1589)[21][22][23][24][25]


1590Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros.[4][38][39]
June 1Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1590–1593)[30]
1592Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published
1593Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog is published in the first printing press said to be established by Dominicans.[40][41]
OctoberPedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593)[30]
December 3Luis Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1593–1596)[30]
Dominicans pioneer printing in the Philippines by producing through the old technique of xylography. This technique produced the Doctrina Christiana en Lengua Española y Tagala and the Doctrina Christiana en Lengua y Letra China, the first books in the Philippines[42][note 1]
1594 Convent of Santa Isabel founded [13]
1595Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric, with Bishop Ignacio Santibáñez its first archbishop[32][33][43]
Diocese of Nueva Segovia established, with Miguel de Benavides as its first bishop.[32][33][43][44][45]
Diocese of Caceres established, with Luis Maldonado as its first bishop.[32][33][43][46][47]
Diocese of Cebu established, with Pedro de Agurto as its first bishop.[32][33][48][49][50][51][52][53][43]
Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu[54][55]
1596Magalat Revolt (1596)[21][22][23][24][25]
July 14Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596–1602)[30]
1598Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established[38][56][57][58]
1600Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang

17th century


1600The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European war between Spain and the Netherlands
Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government
The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1601Igorot Revolt (1601).[21][22][23][24][25]
August 1Colegio de San Jose is established[38][59][60][61]
1602Chinese revolt of 1602[21][22][23][24][25]
Fray Blancas de San Jose, O.P. together with Tomas Pinpin succeeds in making typographic printing through movable type[42]
MayPedro Bravo de Acuña appointed Governor-General (1602–1606).[30]
1605July 24Archbishop Miguel de Benavides bequeaths his library and a total amount of ₱1,500 for the establishment of a seminary college, the present-day University of Santo Tomas in Manila.[62][63][note 2]
1606 Arrival of the Recollects [13]
June 24Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (1606–1608) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
1608June 15Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (1608–1609).[30]
1609AprilJuan de Silva appointed Governor-General (1609–1616).[30]
The Dominicans granted permission to open a seminary-college (the present-day University of Santo Tomas in Manila) by Philip III of Spain[62]
Philip III issues a royal cedula requesting from Governor Juan de Silva and the Real Audiencia a report on the projected college (the present-day University of Santo Tomas in Manila).[64]


1611Philip III's permission to open the Dominican's seminary college (the present-day University of Santo Tomas) arrives in Manila[62]
April 28Act of Foundation for the establishment of the University of Santo Tomas, then known as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas), signed. The Document of Foundation was signed by Fr. Baltasar Fort, O.P., Provincial of the Dominican Province of the Holy Rosary, Fr. Francisco Minayo, O.P., Prior of the Santo Domingo Convent, and Fr. Bernardo de Santa Catalina, O.P., Commissary-General of the Holy Office of the Philippines. Notary Juan Illian witnessed the signing of the act of foundation.[38][65][66][62]
1612Fr. Domingo Gonzalez, O.P. appointed to work on the completion of the organization of the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (presently the University of Santo Tomas in Manila)[65]
The Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (presently the University of Santo Tomas in Manila) formally opens[65]
1616April 19Andrés Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (1616–1618) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
June 29The Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (presently the University of Santo Tomas in Manila) given authorization to confer academic degrees in Theology and Philosophy by the Holy See[65]
Governor Alonso Fajardo de Entenza recognizes the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (presently the University of Santo Tomas in Manila)[65]
1618July 3Alonso Fajardo de Entenza appointed Governor-General (1618–1624).[30]
1619University of Santo Tomas, then known as Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario, recognized by the Holy See.[65][66]


1620Colegio de San Juan de Letran established as the Colegio de Huerfanos de San Pedro y San Pablo.[38][67][68][69]
1621The Colegio de Manila raised to the status of a University and renamed as the Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV.[4][38]
Tamblot Revolt (1621–1622)[21][22][23][24][25]
Bankaw Revolt (1621–1622)[21][22][23][24][25]
1624JulyJeronimo de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1625) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
JulyFernando de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1626).[30]
The Faculties of Philosophy and Theology implemented by the royal order of Philip IV of Spain[64]
1625Isneg Revolt (1625–1627)[21][22][23][24][25]
Tomas Pinpin's printing press settles at the Colegio[42]
1626June 29Juan Niño de Tabora appointed Governor-General (1626–1632).[30]
1627University of Santo Tomas, then Colegio de Santo Tomas, authorized to confer degrees by Pope Urban VIII.[65][66]


1632July 22Lorenzo de Olaza appointed Governor-General (1632–1633) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
Colegio de Santa Isabel established[38][70][71]
1633August 29Juan Cerezo de Salamanca appointed Governor-General (1632–1635).[30]
1635June 25Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera appointed Governor-General (1635–1644).[30]
1637 Sucesos Felices is published by Tomas Pinpin; first newsletter in the country. [40]
1639Cagayan Revolt (1639)[21][22][23][24][25]


1640Universidad de San Felipe de Austria established as the first Public University in the Philippines[38][72]
1643Universidad de San Felipe de Austria closed down[38][72]
Ladia Revolt (1643)[21][22][23][24][25]
1644August 11Diego Fajardo Chacón appointed Governor-General (1644–1653).[30]
1645 An earthquake destroys Manila. [13]
November 20The Colegio de Santo Tomas (present-day University of Santo Tomas in Manila) raised to the status of a university and renamed as the University of Santo Tomas by Pope Innocent X, upon the request of King Philip IV of Spain.[65][66][73]
The Master General of the Dominican Order assumes the power of appointing the Rector Magnificus of Santo Tomas by virtue of the permission granted by Pope Innocent X [62]
Zambales Revolt (1645)[21][22][23][24][25]
Pampanga Revolt (1645)[21][22][23][24][25]
1646 October 4 Spanish and Filipino forces defeat the Dutch invaders in an encounter, their fifth and final battle, at the Manila Bay near Corregidor in Cavite. [28]
1647Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
1649Sumuroy Revolt (1649–50)[21][22][23][24][25]
Pintados Revolt (1649–50)[21][22][23][24][25]


1653July 25Sabiniano Manrique de Lara appointed Governor-General (1653–1663).[30]


1660Zambal Revolt (1660)[21][22][23][24][25]
October 7 Maniago Revolt (1660)[21][22][23][24][25]
December 15 Malong Revolt (1660–1661)[21][22][23][24][25]
1661Ilocano Revolt (1661)[21][22][23][24][25]
1662Chinese revolt of 1662[21][22][23][24][25]
1663September 8Diego de Salcedo appointed Governor-General (1663–1668).[30]
Tapar Revolt (1663)[21][22][23][24][25]
1668September 28Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz appointed Governor-General (1668–1669).[30]
1669September 24Manuel de León appointed Governor-General (1669–1677).[30]


1677September 21Francisco Coloma appointed Governor-General (1677) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla appointed Governor-General (1677–1678) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
1678September 28Juan de Vargas y Hurtado appointed Governor-General (1678–1684).[30]


1680May 12University of Santo Tomas placed under Royal Patronage by King Charles II of Spain.[65][66]
1681Sambal Revolt (1681–1683)[21][22][23][24][25]
1684August 24Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola appointed Governor-General (1684–1689).[30]
1686The construction of Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte.
Tingco plot (1686)
1689AprilAlonso de Avila Fuertes appointed Governor-General (1689–1690) by the Audiencia Real[30]


1690July 25Fausto Cruzat y Gongora appointed Governor-General (1690–1701).[30]

18th century


1701December 8Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (1701–1709).[30]
1704 North Borneo is ceded by the sultan of Brunei to the sultan of Sulu. [26]
1709August 25Martín de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (1709–1715).[30]


1715February 4Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (1715–1717) by the Audiencia Real.[30]
1717August 9Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor-General (1717–1719).[30]
1718Rivera Revolt (1718)[21][22][23][24][25]
1719October 11Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1719–1721).[30]


Caragay Revolt (1719)[21][22][23][24][25]
1721August 6Toribio José Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (1721–1729).[30]
1722Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.
1729August 14Fernándo Valdés y Tamon appointed Governor-General (1729–1739).[30]


1734 September 2 The Faculties of Civil Law and Canon Law of the University of Santo Tomas established by virtue of a royal cedula of Charles II of Spain [34][64]
1739JulyGaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1739–1745).[30]


1744Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1829), the longest in country's history, wherein Bohol is proclaimed independent from the Spanish.[27]
1745September 21Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1745–1750).[30]
Agrarian Revolt (1745–1746)[21][22][23][24][25]


1750July 20Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (1750–1754).[30]
1754May 15Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.
July 26Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754–1759).[30]
1759JuneMiguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (1759–1761).[30]


1761JulyArchbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila appointed Governor-General (1761–1762).[30]
1762Palaris Revolt (1762–1765)
Camarines Revolt (1762–1764)
Cebu Revolt (1762–1764)
British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the so-called Rape of Manila.
Rector Fr. Domingo Collantes of the University of Santo Tomas organizes four companies of university students to help in the defense of the city against the British Invasion of Manila [64]
September 22British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War
October 5Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation.[1][13]
[verification needed]
October 6Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga with de Anda as dictator.[30]
October 8 Gov. Gen. de Anda moves the seat of the Spanish government to Bacolor, Pampanga, becoming the temporary capital of the Philippines (1762–1764). [28]
November 2The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764.[30]
November 14 Silang Revolt (1762–63) [28]
1763Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)
Isabela Revolt (1763).
February 10Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.
May 28Death of Diego Silang[28]
[verification needed]
September Execution of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt [28]
1764March 17de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (1764–1765)[30]
June 11The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for India, ending the British occupation.[13]
[verification needed]
1765February 10Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Léandro de Viana writes the famous letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765". The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not heeded.
July 6José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez appointed Governor-General (1765–1770)[30]
Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines.[30]
1768 17 May Royal decree banishing the Society of Jesus from Spain and the Spanish dominions reaches Manila [74]
1769 July 23 The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Raón after receiving a dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish Colonial Government
The closure of the Jesuit Universidad de San Ignacio leaves the University of Santo Tomas as the only institution of higher learning in the colony. [75][76]


1770JulySimón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1770–1776)[30]
1771Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in Manila Bay, Mariveles, Parañaque, Pasay and Malate.
1773 July 21 Clement XIV suppresses the Society of Jesus in his papal brief Dominus ac Redemptor [77]
1774November 9Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.
1776October 30Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1776–1778)[30]
1778JulyJosé Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (1778–1787)[30]


1780Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines
1781 Charles III of Spain authorizes the University of Santo Tomas to prepare its own statutes, independent of those of the University of Mexico [64][note 3]
1783Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario de San Carlos (later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in 1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.
June 26 An island group, which would be named Batanes, is annexed to the Philippines by the Spanish and is founded as a province called Provincia de la Concepcion. [26]
1785Lagutao Revolt (1785).
May 20University of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain.[65][66][78][79]
1787September 22Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1787–1788)[30]
1788Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).
April 2Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.
July 1Félix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (1788–1793)[30]


1793September 1Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León appointed Governor-General (1793–1806)[30]

19th century


1805Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)
1806August 7Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1806–1810)[30]
1807September 16 Ambaristo Revolt (1807)[80]
1808MayFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.
1809January 22King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the colony representation in the Spanish Cortes


1810March 4Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (1806–1813)[30]
1811 Del Superior Govierno is established in Manila by Gov. Gen. Fernandez de Folgueras; the country's first newspaper lasted six months. [40][81]
1812March 19The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution
September 24The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.
1813March 17The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila.
September 4José Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (1806–1816)[30]
October 16Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
OctoberBritish General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain
1814Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the Spanish Cortes
February 1 Mt. Mayon erupts, affecting Albay and leaving 1,200 dead. [82]
1815June 18Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo
October 15Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island
1816Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished
December 10Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1816–1822)[30]
1818February 2A royal decree divides old Ilocos province into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur.[17][83]


1822October 30Juan Antonio Martinez appointed Governor-General (1822–1825)[30]
1825October 14Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca appointed Governor-General (1825–1830)[30]
1828Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings
1829 August 31 Dagohoy Revolt in Bohol ended. [27]


1830December 23Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (1830–1835)[30]
Manila is opened to the world market
1835March 1Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835)[30]
April 23Joaquín de Crámer appointed Governor-General (1835)[30]
September 9Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835)[30]
Chamber of Commerce is formed
1837August 27Andrés García Camba appointed Governor-General (1837–1838)[30]
Manila is made an open port.
1838December 29Luis Lardizábal appointed Governor-General (1838–1841)[30]
Florante at Laura is published.


1841February 14Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (1841–1843)[30]
August 11 Samar province (later Western Samar) is declared independent, separating from the provinces of Leyte and Cebu, through a decree issued by Queen Isabela III of Spain. [80]
November 4Apolinario Dela Cruz better known as Hermano Pule was executed.
1843June 17Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843–1844)[30]
1844July 16Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa appointed Governor-General (1844–1849)[30]
1846 December 1 La Esperanza is established by Miguel Sanchez; the country's first daily newspaper lasted three years. [40][81]
1848 Diario de Manila, best edited newspaper, is published (1848–1899). [40][81]
1849December 26Antonio María Blanco appointed Governor-General (1849–1850)[30]


1850July 29Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía appointed Governor-General (1850–1853)[30]
1852December 4Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.
1853December 20Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1853–1854)[30]
1854February 2Manuel Pavía y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854)[30]
October 28Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854)[30]
November 20Manuel Crespo y Cebrían appointed Governor-General (1854)[30]
1856December 5Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1856–1857)[30]
1857January 12Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (1857–1860)[30]
1859Jesuits return to the Philippines
Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal


1860 The country's first Masonic lodge is founded in Cavite. [13]
January 12Ramón María Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860)[30]
August 29Juan Herrera Davila appointed Governor-General (1860–1861)[30]
1861February 2José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González appointed Governor-General (1861–1862)[30]
June 19Birth of Jose Rizal, one of the country' national heroes[84]
Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational school.
1862 El Pasig is published, a bilingual fortnightly paper, one of the first native newspapers. [40]
July 7Salvador Valdés appointed Governor-General (1862)[30]
July 9Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)[30]
1863June 3An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins[13]
[verification needed]
November 30Andres Bonifacio, founder of the Katipunan, was born.
1864July 23Apolinario Mabini, the Brains of the Revolution, was born.
1865University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.[65][66]
Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila Observatory) established by the Jesuits
March 24Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)[30]
April 25Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)[30]
1866July 13José Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866)[30]
September 21Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866)[30]
September 27Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866)[30]
October 26José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1866–1869)[30]
1867Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.[80]
[clarification needed]
1869November 17Suez Canal opened; shortening duration of travel from the Philippines to Europe.[29]
Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast Asia[clarification needed]
June 7Manuel Maldonado appointed Governor-General (1869)[30]
June 23Carlos María de la Torre y Navacerrada appointed Governor-General (1869–1871)[30]


1871The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the first Museum in the Philippines.[65][66]
The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is established as the first school of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines.[65][66]
April 4Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez appointed Governor-General (1871–1873)[30]
1872January 20About 200 Filipinos stage a mutiny in Cavite.[13][85]
February 17Priests Mariano Gomez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.[13]
[verification needed]
1873January 8Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873)[30]
January 24Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (1873–1874)[30]
1874March 17Manuel Blanco Valderrama appointed acting Governor-General (1874)[30]
June 18José Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (1874–1877)[30]
1875The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas.[65][66][86][74]
September 18 Colegio de Santa Isabel (now a university) is established in present-day Camarines Sur province as the country's first normal school for girls. [80]
[clarification needed]
1877 Spanish colonial government conducts the first official national census in the country. [27]
February 28Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (1877–1880)[30]
1878 Sabah is leased by the Sultan of Sulu to the British North Borneo Company. [26]


1880March 20Rafael Rodríguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880)[30]
April 15Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella appointed Governor-General (1880–1883)(1st Term)[30]
Manila is connected through telegraphic cable with Europe by Eastern Telecom.
July 18Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
1882March 3Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies
June 2Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere
1883March 10Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term)[30]
April 7Joaquín Jovellar appointed Governor-General (1883–1885)[30]
1884Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish Colonial Government.
June 21Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain
1885April 1Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term)[30]
April 4Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (1885–1888)[30]
1886 February 26 Establishment of the Audiencia Territorial de Cebu. [17]
May 10Felix Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo is born.
1887May 29Noli Me Tangere published.
OctoberRizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo
The Manila School of Agriculture is established.
1888March 10Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888)[30]
Federico Lobaton became acting Governor-General (1888)[30]
Valeriano Wéyler appointed Governor-General (1888–1891)[30]
December 10La Solidaridad established
December 12 A petition, seeking permission for a night school, is submitted by 21 young women of Malolos, Bulacan to the Governor-General. [29]
1889 La Solidaridad is first published in Spain as the Propaganda Movement's organ. [40][81]
El Ilocano is established; country's first local newspaper (1889–1896). [40][81]
[clarification needed]


1891March 28Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France
El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium
Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (1891–1893)[30]
1892 Diariong Tagalog is published; first native daily paper, lasted at least three months. [40]
June 26Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong
July 3Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina
July 7Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina
Andres Bonifacio secretly established the Katipunan.
Rizal is exiled to Dapitan
September 23Filipino painter Juan Luna shot dead his wife Paz Pardo De Tavera.
November 24 Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan is opened, country's first railroad line with route of ManilaDagupan, the forerunner of the Philippine National Railways. [29]
1893 El Hogar is established; country's first publication for and by women. [40][81]
March 10Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893)[30]
Ramón Blanco appointed Governor-General (1893–1896)[30]
1894July 8Bonifacio forms the Katipunan
October 17Sorsogon province was separated from Albay province.[83]
1895 First local (municipal) elections
April 12 Recorded "earliest" day of celebration of independence, when Andres Bonifacio and other Katipuneros go to Pamitinan Cave in Montalban (now Rodriguez), Rizal to initiate new Katipunan members. [87]
1896 Republic of Kakarong de Sili is established in Pandi, Bulacan. [31]
July 1Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor Ramon Blanco
August 6Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba
August 19Katipunan is discovered by the Spanish authorities. Katipuneros flee to Balintawak[36]
August 23Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros tear up their cedulas
August 26Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused
August 30Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.
Battle of San Juan del Monte took place.
September 2Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona
Gen. Mariano Llanera leads the Filipino revolutionaries in a three-day battle against the Spanish forces in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. [27]
September 4Four members of Katipunan involved in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, were executed on the Campo de Bagumbayan.
September 12Thirteen Filipinos were executed in Plaza de Armas in the town of Cavite.[82]
October 3Rizal arrives at Barcelona
October 4Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo
October 6Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner
October 31A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo issues his manifestos in Kawit, Cavite, declaring the aim of the revolution and announcing the formation of a central revolutionary committee for the municipal government. [28]
November 11 Filipino forces, under Emilio Aguinaldo, defeat the Spaniards in a battle in Kawit, Cavite. [28][29]
November 13Rizal arrives in Manila and is incarcerated in Fort Santiago
November 20Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government
December 13Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (1896–1897)[30]
December 30Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan.[84][88]
1897 January 1 Some 3,000 Filipino fighters die in an attack by the Spanish soldiers against revolutionaries under Gen. Eusebio Roque in Pandi, Bulacan. [31]
January 4Eleven of the 15 Filipinos of Bicol were executed at the Luneta in Manila
January 11Thirteen La Liga Filipina members are executed at Luneta, Manila.[82]
February 6 Katipunan leader Roman Basa and eight members are executed in Bagumbayan. [89]
February 17 Battle of Zapote Bridge [89]
March 22The Katipunan creates a revolutionary government and holds its election, during Tejeros Convention in Cavite, said to be the first election ever held in country's electoral history. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president.[17][90]
[verification needed]
March 23Nineteen Filipinos of Kalibo, Aklan were executed
April 15José de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897)[30]
April 23Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (1897–1898)[30]
April 29Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the Katipunan.
May 8The Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death
May 10Andres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.
May 31Aguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel, Bulacan.
August 10Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.
August 15A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
November 1Constitution of Biak-na-Bato is promulgated by the revolutionaries, including Aguinaldo.[29]
December 14Pact of Biak-na-Bato, between Filipinos (Aguinaldo) and Spaniards (Gov. Primo de Rivera), signed.[13][26][29]
December 27Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
1898 The only issue of Kalayaan is published; official organ of the Katipunan. [40]
The American Soldier and The Soldier's Letter are published; first English language newspapers. [40]
Official Gazette is established by the civil government. [40]
February 8The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson
March 25 A revolutionary government in Candon, Ilocos Sur is established by Don Isabelo Abaya as he starts Cry of Candon. [17]
April 3 Pantaleon Villegas (Leon Kilat) leads a battle against Spanish forces in present-day Cebu City; said to be the start of the revolution in Cebu province. [19]
April 11Basilio Augustín appointed Governor-General (1898)[30]
April 14 Local Katipunan members under Ildefonso Moreno conduct an uprising against Spanish colonizers in Daet town. [26]
April 17 A provisional government is established by Gen. Francisco Macabulos, with its own constitution signed; lasts about a month. [26]
April 24 Aguinaldo meets American Consul, Mr. Pratt, at Singapore. [13]
April 26 Aguinaldo goes to Hong Kong. [13]
The US declares war on Spain.
May 1Commodore George Dewey attacks Manila
May 19Aguinaldo and his companions return to Cavite Province from exile in Hong Kong.[19][26]
[clarification needed]
May 24Aguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which show his trust and reliance in US protection
May 28 Filipino revolutionaries defeat the Spanish forces in a battle in Alapan, Imus, Cavite, with the first unfurling of the Philippine flag. [26]
June 12Philippine Independence from Spain is declared by Filipino revolutionaries, led by Pres. Aguinaldo, in Kawit, Cavite.[1][90]
June 23Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.
June 27 Over 50 Spanish soldiers begin to hide themselves at a church in Baler town, in what would be their last stand in the country against the revolutionaries. [19]
July 15Aguinaldo creates a cabinet
The Malolos Congress in established
July 17US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.
July 22 Pangasinan Province is liberated from the Spanish. [27]
July 24Fermín Jáudenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898)[30]
August 13Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898)[30]
Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898)[30]
August 14The Spanish surrender to the U.S., which took Manila.[13]
August 22 Revolutionary government headquarters is transferred from Bacoor, Cavite to Malolos, Bulacan through a decree issued by Pres. Aguinaldo. [80]
August 29Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (1898–1900)[30]
SeptemberDiego de los Ríos becomes acting Governor-General (1898)[30]
September 15 Delegates of what would be known as the Malolos Congress convene at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan to draft a Constitution for the country. [27]
September 29The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers; ratifies the Declaration of Independence proclaimed on June.[80]
El Horado de la Revolucion, the official publication of the Malolos Congress, publishes its first issue. [80]
October 11The Manila Times is founded by Thomas Cowan and publishes its first issue; the country's oldest running broadsheet; its first incarnation lasted 32 years.[16][40][91]
October 15 The American is published by Franklyn Brooks; second English language daily paper. [40]
October 19 Universidad Literaria de Filipinas is established in Malolos, Bulacan through a presidential decree. [29]
October 24 Enrique Mendiola founds a college school for boys, the Burgos Institute, in Malolos, Bulacan. [29]
October 25 Establishment of Academia Militar, country's first military training school that lasted for less than a year. [29]
November 5 A revolutionary movement under Gen. Aniceto Lacson and Gen. Juan Araneta, proclaims the Republic of Negros in Bago town. [28][29]
November 7 Revolutionary forces promulgates a constitution for the Republic of Negros and declare Gen. Lacson as president. [28]
November 17 Provisional revolutionary government of the Visayas is organized in Santa Barbara town upon liberation of the majority of Iloilo province, with Roque Lopez elected president; Cry of Santa Barbara occurs. [31]
November 22 Town of San Jose in Antique is captured from Spanish forces by revolutionaries under Leandro Fullon, who established a provincial government. [31]
November 29 Malolos Congress approves its draft Constitution. [27][31]
December 10Spain and the U.S. sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession of the Philippines to the U.S. by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to Spain by the US.[16]
[verification needed]
December 21US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
December 23 Pres. Aguinaldo signs the Malolos Constitution. [27][29][31]
December 24 Gov. Gen. de los Rios surrenders the town of Iloilo to revolutionary forces under Gen. Martin Delgado. [28]
1899January 20U.S. Pres. McKinley appoints the first Philippine Commission, known as the Schurman Commission[13]
[verification needed]
January 21The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo.[17][27][31]
January 23The Malolos Republic (First Republic) government, Asia's first republic, is inaugurated at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan; Emilio Aguinaldo takes his oath of office as the first president of the Philippines.[1][17][85]
February 4Hostilities break out between the Filipino and U.S. forces.[13][85]
February 6The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain
March 3 La Justicia, Cebu province's first Filipino-owned newspaper, publishes its first issue. [17]
March 4The Schurman Commission arrives in Manila
April 23 Filipino forces under Gen. Gregorio del Pilar defeated the Americans in an encounter in Quingua (now Plaridel), Bulacan. [19]
May 6Aguinaldo creates a new cabinet
The country's first municipal election is held in Baliuag, Bulacan. [19]
May 12 Filipino troops, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, recapture the Calumpit and Baliwag towns from the Americans. [19]
May 18General Vicente Alvarez establishes the Republic of Zamboanga.
May 20Aguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna
June 2 Siege of Baler ends after 11 months, with 35 surviving Spanish soldiers surrendered. [19]
June 5Antonio Luna killed
October 11 Pres. Aguinaldo moves the seat of government from San Isidro, Nueva Ecija to Tarlac Province. [31]
December 2Gregorio Del Pilar killed in the Battle of Tirad Pass.[29]
[verification needed]
December 4 An American base is attacked by the Filipinos in Vigan, Ilocos Sur. [29]

20th century


1900January 21The Schurman Commission returns to the US.
February 2Manila Bulletin publishes its first issue by Carson Taylor; then a shipping journal; country's oldest continuously existing newspaper.[16][40]
[verification needed]
March 16U.S. Pres. McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as the Taft Commission[13]
[verification needed]
March American forces capture Bohol.
April Battle of Cagayan de Misamis
April Siege of Catubig
May 5Arthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (1900–1901)[30]
May Battle of Agusan Hill
June Battle of Makahambus Hill
June 3The Taft Commission arrives in Manila
July 31 Filipino revolutionaries defeat American troops in a battle in Boac, Marinduque, said to be the first recorded armed encounter between two forces. [80]
August 20 Pres. Aguinaldo orders the start of attack against American forces in northern Luzon. [80]
September Battle of Pulang Lupa
September Battle of Mabitac
December 23Partido Liberal established
1901March 2The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is passed by the US Senate.
March 23Pres. Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities in Palanan town.[1][13][85]
[verification needed]
April 1Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US.[1]
[verification needed]
April 15 Gov. Taft inaugurates the provincial government of Capiz. (Phil. Commission Act No. 115) [26]
June 11 Establishment of Rizal Province by the second Philippine Commission, upon unification of then provinces of Manila and Morong. (Act No. 137) [26]
June 17El Colegio de San Beda established
July 1 End of insurrection declared [13]
July 4Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (1901–1902)
A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft as the first Civil Governor (1901–1904)
July 18The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary
August 28Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first American university in the Philippines.[80]
SeptemberThe first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed
September 28Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Eugenio Daza, attack the U.S. military barracks in Balangiga, Samar; Americans' "worst single defeat."[27]
[clarification needed]
September 29Balangiga massacre occurs[27]
[clarification needed]
October 20A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar operation
October 29 The President of the United States creates the position of provincial vice governor in the country, under the Spooner Amendment. [29]
November 4The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Act
December 14An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
1902JanuaryThe first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de Filipinas, is organized.
January 21The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the Philippines.
March 30The US Marines leave Balangiga
April 16General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces
MayGovernor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the Philippines
May 2Macario Sakay establishes a second Tagalog Republic.
June Mindoro and Lubang islands are annexed to Marinduque province. [31]
July 1The Philippine Organic Act was enacted.[13]
Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established[13]
July 4Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine–American War, however fighting continues
August 3The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica with Gregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo
September 17Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo Tomas[65][66]
November 10 Marinduque province is annexed to Tayabas province (now Quezon). (Act No. 499) [31]
November 12Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance against US rule are considered banditry
1903Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos
May 1 Thousands of members of the Union Obrera Democratica Filipina, led by Dominador Gomez, stage a massive rally aiming for workers’ rights as well as a public holiday for May 1. [92]
June 1Establishment of the Moro Province, consisting of the districts of Jolo, Lanao, Cotabato, Davao and Zamboanga.[19]
1904February 1Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (1904–1905)
October 19The Manila Business School was founded and started its operation (later as the Philippine School of Commerce, 1908, then as the Philippine College of Commerce, 1952, and now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
November 16 Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm is established in Palawan, country's oldest and largest open prison. [28][29]
1905 November 3Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (1905–1906)
1906 May 27 Establishment of Culion Leper Colony in Culion Island in Palawan. [19]
September 20James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (1906–1909)
December 3St. Scholastica's College in Manila is established by the Missionary Benedictine Sisters of Tutzing.[93]
1907June 3Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Señoritas.
June 30First Congressional Elections held
September 13Macario Sakay is executed by hanging, ending his Tagalog Republic.
October 10 A law (Act No. 1761) that restricts and regulates the use and sale of dangerous drugs is signed. [29]
October 16The First Philippine Assembly is inaugurated and convened.[13]
1908June 18The University of the Philippines is established in Manila.[29]
[verification needed]
August 29 Philippines Free Press is founded by Judge W.A. Kincaid and publishes its first issue in magazine format. [40][94]
[clarification needed]
1909 March 6 Present-day University of the Philippines Los Baños in Laguna is established, first autonomous UP campus. [17]
September 1 Cityhood of Baguio (Act No. 1963) [80]


1911January 27Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
June 16De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.
December 28Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas[65][66]
1912 A silent movie about Jose Rizal is the first Filipino movie introduced in the Philippines. [40][95]
[clarification needed]
1913 June Battle of Bud Bagsak [96]
September 1Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)
October 6Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (1913–1921)
1914July 27Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the government.
1916October 16The Jones Act is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature
Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines[97][98][99][100][101]
1917January 11The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.
March 9 Provincehood of Abra (Act No. 2683) [85]
March 10An Act Amending the Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) reorganizes the territories in the Philippines, consisting of: [17][83][105]
1919September 19The silent film Dalagang Bukid by José Nepomuceno was released, the first film to be produced locally.[95][106]
[verification needed]


1920 Mountain Province is established by American colonial government. [85]
February 21 Provincehood of Marinduque (Act No. 2880), separating from Tayabas. [17][31]
August Philippines Herald is established by Manuel L. Quezon and former Manila Times journalists; first pro-Filipino nationalist newspaper. [16][40]
December 15 Provincehood of Masbate (Act No. 2934), former sub-province independent from Sorsogon. [28]
1921March 5Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)
October 14Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (1921–1927)
1922 Mrs. Redgrave pioneers the radio broadcasting from Nichols Field, only for a test broadcast. [107]
June Henry Hermann, owner of an electrical supply company, begins operating three radio stations in Manila and Pasay, also for their test broadcasts. [40][107][108][109]
1923August 29Santiago Ronquillo, a.k.a. Tiagong Akyat, was killed by a force consisting of Manila Chief of Police John Fulton Green and the Philippine constabulary, in Noveleta, Cavite.[citation needed]
1924 October 4 Radio Corporation of the Philippines (RCP) acquires radio station KZKZ, which begins its broadcast by Hermann earlier that year, replacing experimental stations; broadcast ceased in 1925 upon merger of Far Eastern Radio with RCP. [40][107][108][109]
October Another commercial radio station, KZRQ (1924–1927) by Far Eastern Radio, Inc., goes on air. [107][108][109]
1925 November 9 Radio station KZIB from Binondo, owned by Isaac Beck Inc., goes on air. [40][108][110]
1927August 7Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)
September 3 Radio station KZRM (Radio Manila) begins operation under RCP; later acquired by Erlanger and Galinger, Inc. in 1931, then by Amado Araneta in 1939 with KZEG. [40][108][111]
December 27Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (1927–1929)
1929 RCP operates its first radio station outside Manila, also first provincial station in the country, with KZRC (Radio Cebu) in Cebu, experimental station originally a relay station of KZRM in Manila. [40][107][108][109][111]
February 23Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)
July 8Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (1929–1932)
November 2 Old Misamis is divided into the new provinces of Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental. (Act No. 3537; amended by Act No. 3777 on November 28, 1930). [29][31]
[clarification needed]


1930November 7Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas (PKP, Communist Party of the Philippines) is formally established by Crisanto Evangelista at Tondo, Manila.[31][112]
1932January 9George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)
January 21 Davao Prison and Penal Farm in present-day Davao del Norte is established (Act No. 3732); country's first penal settlement. [17]
February 29Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (1932–1933)
June 20Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson University was founded by George Lucas Adamson
July 11 Radio station KZEG begins operation, sister station of KZRM; call sign later changed to KZRF. [40][108]
October 26The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme Court
1933July 15Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933–1935)
October 29 Partido Sakdal formed. [92]
December 7Governor-General Frank Murphy granted the Right of Suffrage to the Filipino women.
1934March 24The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is approved by U.S. President Roosevelt.[1][113]
May 7 A pearl, which would be one of the world’s largest, is found in Palawan. [26]
July 10202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Act
July 30The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated
November 3 Bannawag, Ilocos region's weekly vernacular magazine, established. [28]
1935February 8The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution
February 15The Philippine Constitution is signed
May 2Sakdalista uprising against the Philippine Constabulary fails with at least 60 members dead.[92]
May 14The Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum
September 17Manuel Quezon elected president in the first Philippine Presidential elections[1][97][98][99][100]
November 15The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated
The Office of Civil Governor is abolished
December 21The National Defense Act of 1935 that created the Armed Forces of the Philippines was signed.
1936March 25President Manuel L. Quezon issued Executive Order No. 23 which provided for the technical description and specifications of the Philippine national flag.[97][98][99][100][101]
October 12 Cityhood of Zamboanga approved (Commonwealth Act No. 39); ratified, February 26, 1937. [17][28]
October 16 Cityhood of Davao (Commonwealth Act No. 51) [28]
October 20 Cityhood of Cebu approved (Commonwealth Act No. 58); ratified, February 24, 1937. [28]
October 31The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was established.
1937 February 3–7The 33rd International Eucharistic Congress was held in Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines; first in Asia.[85]
[verification needed]
November 9 The Institute of National Language recommends Tagalog as the basis of the country's national language. [29]
1938 June 21 Cityhood of Tagaytay, Cavite (Commonwealth Act No. 338) [26]
1939July 15 KZRH, established by H. E. Heacock Company under Samuel Caches, goes on air; country's oldest existing radio station, renamed PIAM during the Japanese era and now DZRH.[40][108][109][111][114]


1940 May 7 Cityhood of San Pablo, Laguna (Commonwealth Act No. 520) [26]
May 26The Girl Scouts of the Philippines was established.
August 19 Cityhood of Dansalan (later renamed Marawi City; CA 592) [80]
1941 January 1 Provincehood of Romblon (Commonwealth Act No. 38) [17]
March 15 Philippine Airlines starts operations with its maiden flight between Makati and Baguio cities. [17]
November 11Manuel Quezon re-elected as President[97][98][99][100][101]
December 8Start of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines following Pearl Harbor attack.[1][115][116]
December 10 Japanese planes attack Sangley Point in Cavite. [31]
December 17 Wenceslao Vinzons organizes a citizen's army to fight Japanese forces in Camarines Norte. [31]
December 20President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island[97][98][99][100][101]
December 26General MacArthur declares Manila an open city[117][118][119][120][121]
December 28Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan
December 30Pres. Quezon and Vice Pres. Osmeña take their oath of office for their second term in Corregidor Island, Cavite.[28][97][98][99][100]
1942 January 2Japanese troops enters Manila
January 3Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)
General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the Philippines
Martial Law declared
January 13All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty
January 23An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
February 17The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country
February 20President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US[97][98][99][100][101]
March 11General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area[117][118][119][120][121]
March 13The Commonwealth government is moved to the US
March 25Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap, People's Anti-Japanese Army) is organized in Cabiao, Nueva Ecija.[85]
[clarification needed]
AprilA pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions
April 9Battle of Bataan: Bataan, under US commander Gen. Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies.[19][122]
May 6Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces.[19][29]
June 8Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)
June 14The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations
December 30The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese
1943May 28Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1943–1942)
June 20Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
September 4The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly
September 20The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.
SeptemberJose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly[123][124][125]
October 14The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office[123][124][125]
NovemberThe Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.
November 10 U.S. Congress approves a resolution allowing Pres. Quezon to serve beyond the designated period, nine days after his term expires. [82]
1944MayThe puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.
August 1Death of Pres. Quezon; Vice Pres. Sergio Osmena then assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.[82][97][98][99][100]
September 21US forces raids Manila
September 26Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945)
October 20Gen. MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by Pres. Osmeña and U.S. troops.[29][102][103][104][117]
October 23Gen. Douglas MacArthur reestablishes the Commonwealth government of the Philippines in Tacloban, Leyte, with Sergio Osmeña as its president.[28]
October 24 Battle of Leyte Gulf: Battle of Sibuyan Sea [28][85]
December 8Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis
1945 January 9 U.S. troops led by Gen. MacArthur land on the shores of Pangasinan via Lingayen Gulf in an attempt to liberate the country from the Japanese. [1][17][85]
January 30Raid at Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas free 813 American Prisoners of war from the Japanese-held camp in the city of Cabanatuan in the Philippines.
January–February Battle of Bataan (1945)
February–April Battle of Baguio
February Raid at Los Baños
February 4US troops enter Manila
February 22Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces
February 24The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and Filipino troops
February 27MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena.[102][103][104][117][118]
March–April Battle for Cebu City
March–July Battle of the Visayas
March Corregidor Island is reoccupied by the Americans. [29]
March 3Battle of Manila (1945): The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.
March 18 Town of Panay in Capiz and the province of Romblon are liberated from the Japanese forces. [17]
March 19 Filipino and American forces defeat the Japanese in a battle occurred in Bacsil Ridge in San Fernando, La Union. [85]
March 22The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave the country for Japan to seek refuge[123][124][125]
March 24 Town of San Fernando in La Union is liberated from the Japanese forces. [85]
April 22 Palawan is liberated from Japanese invaders. [19]
April 27 Baguio is liberated from Japanese forces. [26]
May 10–13 Filipino and U.S. forces defeat the Japanese in a battle occurred in Balete Pass (now Dalton Pass) in Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya. [26]
June 5The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time
June 14 Filipino soldiers, with the Americans, defeat the Japanese under Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita in a battle in Tagudin, Ilocos Sur; considered as their greatest victory in World War II. [19]
July 5General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines[117][118][119][120][121]
August 6The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 9The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 15The Empire of Japan accepts defeat
August 17Pres. Laurel issues an Executive Proclamation putting an end to the Second Philippine Republic, thus ending to his term as President of the Philippines.[123][124][125]
September 2The final official Japanese Instrument of Surrender is accepted by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz for the United States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanese delegation led by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.[1][117][118][119][120]
Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita surrenders to Filipino and American forces at Kiangan, Ifugao.
September 12Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army[123][124][125]
September 26 Provincehood of Catanduanes (Commonwealth Act No. 687), former sub-province independent from Albay. [31][80]
[clarification needed]
October 24The United Nations is founded by ratification of its Charter, by 29 nations.
DecemberManuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and joins the Liberal Party[102][103][104]
1946February 23Tomoyuki Yamashita is executed by hanging at Los Baños, Laguna prison camp for the war crimes.
April 23Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth
Elpidio Quirino elected vice president.
April U.S. Pres. Harry Truman signs into law the Philippine Trade Act (Bell Trade Act) of 1946, continuing free trade relations between the U.S. and the Philippines, and imposing tariffs; Tydings Rehabilitation Act passed.
June 13 Bolinao Electronics Corporation (BEC) is established by James Lindenberg; later Alto Broadcasting System (ABS) and the forerunner of ABS–CBN. [126][127]
July Hukbong Mapaglaya ng Bayan (HMB) is organized in Candaba, Pampanga.
July Congress votes to accept the Bell Trade Act.
July 4The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the Philippines.[16][128]
Manuel Roxas becomes the first president of the Third Republic. [1]
August Peasant leader Juan Feleo kidnapped, later killed.
September Congress passes an amendment that revises Constitution, allowing the Americans parity rights.
September 30The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
1947 January Rehabilitation Finance Corporation (RFC), later Development Bank of the Philippines, begins its operations.
January 28President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators
March An amendment in the 1935 Constitution granting parity rights to the Americans is ratified in a plebiscite.
March The Military Assistance Act is signed by U.S. Ambassador Paul McNutt and Pres. Roxas.
March 6HUKBALAHAP declared illegal
March 14The Treaty of General Relations between Philippines and United States, the Military Bases Agreement, is signed; would be effective until 1991.[90]
[verification needed]
September 8The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P. Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty
October 12 Corregidor Island in Cavite is turned over to the Philippines. [29]
October 16 Turtle Islands, now in Tawi-Tawi, is placed under country's jurisdiction. [29]
November First post-war elections held for local officials and senators.
1948 January Pres. Roxas issues a general pardon for all those with collaboration cases and pending cases in the People's Court.
March Hukbong Mapagpalaya ng Bayan and Pambansang Kaisahan ng mga Magbubukid (PKM) are declared illegal organizations by Pres. Roxas.
April 15Death of Pres. Roxas; Vice Pres. Elpidio Quirino assumes the Office of President.[82]
April 17Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines.[82]
June Pres. Quirino issues an amnesty proclamation given to the surrendered members of Hukbalahap and PKM.
July Newly formed Quezon City is declared capital of the Philippines by Pres. Quirino. (Republic Act No. 333)
July 15 Cityhood of Calbayog, Samar approved (Republic Act No. 328); inaugurated, Oct. 16. [31]
August Huk leaders under Luis Taruc go underground to continue the resistance against the government following failed truce negotiations.
October 1 Pres. Quirino releases the result of the country's first official postwar census, taken and compiled by the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, showing the population after its independence from the U.S. at 19.2 million. [27]
November PKP renews armed struggle following failed truce negotiations with the government.
December Quirino administration imposes import control, a law that would be effective on the first day of 1949.
1949 Radio station DZBC of BEC begins its broadcast. [108]
January Establishment and inauguration of Central Bank of the Philippines.
April 28Former First Lady Aurora Aragon–Quezon (widow of Pres. Manuel Quezon), with her eldest daughter, and Quezon City Mayor Ponciano Bernardo, are among those killed in an ambush allegedly by the Hukbalahap in Bongabon, Nueva Ecija.[97][98][99][100][101]
November Pres. Quirino reelected.
November A month-long rebellion occurred in Batangas.


1950 February UST pioneers the television broadcast, only for experimental purposes. [40][126][129]
March 1 Radio station DZBB of newly established Republic Broadcasting System (RBS) under Bob Stewart begins its broadcast. [40][108]
JuneThe Philippines joins the Korean War, sending over 7,000 troops under the United Nations command.
June 15Old Mindoro is divided into the new provinces of Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental. (Republic Act No. 505)[83][19]
August 31Pres. Quirino appoints Zambales Rep. Ramon Magsaysay as Defense Secretary.
September Lt. Col. Edward Lansdale arrives in the Philippines to act as military adviser.
October U.S. Economic Mission Survey led by Daniel W. Bell issues its report regarding the country's financial and economics condition, recommending its diversification and improvement.
October Twenty-three high-ranking PKP and Huk Politburo members are captured in a series of raids led by Secy. Magsaysay in Manila.
October Pres. Quirino suspends the privilege of writ of habeas corpus regarding detention of suspected communists.
1951March 6Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine.
May Suspected PKP members are penalized by the Court of First Instance, with six given death sentences and nine given life sentences.
July–September Armed Forces of the Philippines launches offensives against Huks in Laguna and Pampanga.
AugustNational Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established
August 30The Mutual Defense Treaty between Philippines and United States was signed.
October 8Nicasio “Asiong” Salonga, branded as Tondo’s Public Enemy No. 1 and the kingpin of Manila, was shot and killed by Ernesto Reyes, a henchman of his rival and also notorious gang leader Carlos “Totoy Golem” Capistrano.[130]
1952 National Press Club established [40]
April–May Armed Forces launches Operation Four Roses in Nueva Ecija in the search for Huk strongholds in Sierra Madre mountains.
June 6Old Zamboanga is divided into the new provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. (Republic Act No. 711)[83][19]
October Land-tenure specialist Robert Hardie releases his report regarding the country's problem on tenancy, recommending its abolition.
1953 June Magna Carta for Labor is signed into law. (Republic Act No. 875)
October 23 DZAQ-TV Channel 3, now Channel 2, of ABS, then owned by Presidential brother Antonio Quirino, airs its country's first official television broadcast from Manila. [40][107][126][127][129]
November 10Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines[1]
[verification needed]
Carlos Garcia elected vice president.
December 30Magsaysay takes his oath of office as the third President of the Third Republic, before Chief Justice Ricardo Paras, in Luneta.
1954 Social Security Act is passed in Congress.
May Huk Supremo Luis Taruc surrenders to Pres. Magsaysay, prompting an end of the eight-year Huk rebellion.
May 22 Cityhood of Trece Martires, Cavite (Republic Act No. 981) [19]
July 21The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
August Agricultural Tenancy Act of 1954 passed.
September Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established in Manila, with the Philippines as one of its eight members.
September 2At least 82 people were killed in a train crash in Negros Occidental.
December 15Laurel-Langley Agreement: An agreement between the Philippines and the U.S., regarding provisions of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946, is signed by Sen. Jose P. Laurel and Secy. James M. Langley.[123][124][125]
1955 April Amb. Carlos Romulo represents the Philippine government in the first ever Asian-African conference held in Bandung, Indonesia.
September Laurel-Langley Agreement is ratified by the U.S. and Philippine governments, to be effective on the first day of 1956.
1956 Chronicle Broadcasting Network (CBN) is established by Lopez family. [40][126][127][131]
February 29 Death of Elpidio Quirino, former Philippine President [82]
April 25Provincehood of Aklan (Republic Act No. 1414), separating from Capiz.[83][19]
May Rizal Bill is passed into law amid opposition from Catholic Church.
1957 February 24 ABS is acquired by Eugenio Lopez Sr. of CBN, of which they later merged into ABS–CBN with two television stations later being operated. [40][126][129][133][134]
March 17Death of Pres. Magsaysay, one among the 25 killed in a plane crash in Cebu; Vice-Pres. Carlos P. Garcia assumes the presidency.[1][82][135]
June Anti-Subversion Act passed. (Republic Act No. 1700)
July U.S. Congress ratifies a law (Republic Act No. 85-81) granting the Philippines possession of the documents regarding the revolution.
November 14Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines[1]
[verification needed]
Diosdado Macapagal elected vice president.
1958 March 22 Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan is elevated by the Department of Education to university rank, becoming the Mindanao's first private and Catholic university. [17]
April 19 CBN airs DZXL-TV Channel 9, later Channel 4; second television station. [126][132]
August 28"Filipino First" policy is officially promulgated by the National Economic Council (Resolution No. 204).
1959 May 22Old Lanao is divided into the new provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. (Republic Act No. 2228); inaugurated, July 4.[26][83]
RA 2227 created the province of Southern Leyte, separating from Leyte.[83]
July 18 10th World Scout Jamboree is held at Mt. Makiling in Los Baños, Laguna. [80]
September–October An agreement between Foreign Affairs Secy. Felixberto Serrano and Amb. Charles Bohlen is signed, following series of conferences, in which duration of lease of the American military bases is reduced from 99 to 25 years.
October U.S. authorities turns over Olongapo City to the Philippine government.


1960 International Rice Research Institute is established in Los Baños, Laguna.
January DZTV-TV Channel 13 of Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) established. [126][132]
March Gabriel Elorde defeats an American opponent in a boxing match in Araneta Coliseum, beginning his junior lightweight reign.
March Archbishop Rufino Santos is the first Filipino to achieve the rank of Cardinal.
June 19Republic Act No. 2786 divided old Surigao into the new provinces of Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur.[27][83]
[verification needed]
1961January 18Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature ever recorded.
October Death of Sergio Osmeña, former Philippine President [82]
October 29 DZBB-TV Channel 7 of RBS established; third television station. [40][126][127][129][131]
November 7Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines.[1]
[verification needed]
Emmanuel Pelaez elected vice president.
December 30Macapagal takes his oath of office
December 31Inauguration of the new City of Lapulapu, created by Republic Act No. 3134 on June 17, 1961.
1962 January Philippine Constabulary Rangers conduct a siege of the Central Bank building to oust its governor, Dominador Aytona, due to "midnight appointments" of his own.
January Pres. Macapagal lifts exchange and import controls in his campaign for free enterprise.
March Justice Secy. Jose Diokno orders a raid on the offices of businessman Harry Stonehill, regarding his alleged bribery.
May 12Commemoration of Independence Day is officially changed by Pres. Macapagal, from July 4 to June 12 (Proclamation No. 28); to be first celebrated on that day of that same year.[19]
June 22 Pres. Macapagal's government, with the United Kingdom, files a communication regarding country's claim of North Borneo (Sabah), now in Malaysia. [26]
July DZTM-TV Channel 5, of Associated Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and The Manila Times, established. [126][132]
September Electrification Administration Act (Republic Act No. 2717) is implemented through an executive order issued by Pres. Macapagal.
1963April 5Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Senate of the Philippines.
April 12Death of Felix Y. Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo at age of 76
July 28Twenty-four members of the Philippine contingent for the 11th World Scout Jamboree in Greece are among the 60 deaths in a plane crash into the Indian Ocean.[82][136]
July Pres. Macapagal, Sukarno (Indonesia), and Tungku Abdul Rahman (Federation of Malaya) sign the Manila Accord, an agreement for Maphilindo.
August 8Agricultural Land Reform Code (Republic Act No. 3844) is signed into law by Pres. Macapagal.
1964 Philippine Press Institute founded [16]
February 6 Death of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, former Philippine President [82]
May Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas secretary-general Jesus Lava is captured in Sampaloc, Manila.
August Congress ratifies an executive order issued by Pres. Macapagal that changes the date of celebration of the nation's Independence Day, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4166.
August 14Miss Philippines Gemma Cruz was crowned Miss International 1964, the first Filipino to win the title.
November Kabataang Makabayan (KM) is formed by Jose Maria Sison, with himself elected as its chairman.
1965June 19Republic Act No. 4221 divided old Samar into the new provinces of Western Samar, Northern Samar, and Eastern Samar.[83]
September Taal Volcano in Batangas erupts, killing around 2,000 and damaging villages.
November 9Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines.[1][137]
[verification needed]
Fernando Lopez elected vice president.
December 30Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office as the President of the postwar republic, in Luneta Grandstand.[92][138]
1966 Asian Development Bank establishes its new headquarters in Manila.
January 1 Cityhood of San Carlos, Pangasinan (Republic Act No. 4487) [17]
February Philippine-American Assembly is held in Davao.
June 18 Old Mountain Province is divided into the new provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao. (Republic Act No. 4695)[83][19]
Republic Act No. 4669 created the province of Camiguin, separating from Misamis Oriental.[83]
Republic Act No. 4849 created the province of South Cotabato, separating from Empire Province of Cotabato. [83][139]
July Pres. Marcos signs the controversial Vietnam Aid Law.
July The mayor of Candaba, Pampanga, also the president of the Anti-Huk Mayors League in the province, is killed in an ambush, an incident which was attributed to the Huks.
August Congress approves the appropriation for the Philippine Civil Action Group (Philcag) to be sent to Vietnam.
September The first batch of the battalion of the Philcag leaves the Philippines for South Vietnam.
September Pres. Marcos meets with U.S. Pres. Lyndon Johnson in Washington, D.C.
September An agreement is signed by U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Foreign Affairs Secy. Narciso Ramos, reducing the lease of military bases from 99 to 25 years, thus to expire in 1991.
October Marcos administration hosts the Manila Summit with 6 countries.
1967 January Two buses carrying pilgrims collide and fall off a ravine south of Manila, killing more than 115 in what would be the country's worst road accident. [140]
February Movement for the Advancement of Nationalism (MAN) is formed by nationalists from various sectors.
May 8Old Davao is divided into the new provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental. (Republic Act No. 4867)[83][19]
May 21 A demonstration conducted by Lapiang Malaya, a peasant religious sect, ends in a violent disperse attempt by the Philippine Constabulary in Pasay, killing 33. [92][138]
June 17Republic Act No. 4979 divided old Agusan into the new provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. [83]
July 4 Cityhood of Cadiz, Negros Occidental (Republic Act No. 4894) [27]
August 8Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is formed in Bangkok, Thailand, with the Philippines as one of the five founding members.
November Senatorial election takes place.
1968 First provincial television stations are established in Cebu, Bacolod, and Dagupan, all operated by ABS–CBN. [40][131]
March 18Jabidah massacre: A group of trainees of a Muslim special forces unit, part of an controversial operation, are allegedly killed in Corregidor.[138]
July 8 Cityhood of Iriga, Camarines Sur approved (Republic Act No. 5261); ratified by a presidential proclamation, Sept. 3. [27]
August 21968 Casiguran earthquake and the collapse of Ruby Tower
September Pres. Marcos signs into law a bill defining country's territorial waters in compliance with the United Nations and claiming Sabah as part of the country's territory, amidst protest from the Malaysians.
September Pres. Marcos pardons 166 prisoners, including former Huk leader Luis Taruc.
September 7 Cityhood of Bais, Negros Oriental (RA 5444) [80]
November Resigned U.P. president Gen. Carlos Romulo replaces Narciso Ramos as Foreign Affairs Secretary.
December 26Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP; then called CPP–Marxist–Leninist-Mao Tse-tung Thought or CPP–MLMTT) is reestablished by Jose Maria Sison and his colleagues in Pangasinan.[31][112][137]
1969 March 29New People's Army (NPA) is formally organized in Tarlac by Bernabe Buscayno (Kumander Dante) of PKP as the military arm of the CPP, upon merger with Jose Maria Sison's army.[17][31][112][137]
May 11Tuguegarao City, Cagayan experienced heat at 42.2 degrees Celsius, the country's highest temperature ever recorded.
June 10 Cityhood of Batangas, Batangas (Republic Act No. 5495) [19]
July U.S. President Richard Nixon visits the Philippines.
July 17 Cityhood of San Jose, Nueva Ecija approved (RA 6051); ratified (Proclamation No. 595), August. [27][80]
July 19Miss Philippines Gloria Diaz was crowned Miss Universe 1969.
September Cultural Center of the Philippines in Manila inaugurated.
October 15 DZKB-TV Channel 9 of newly established Kanlaon Broadcasting System (KBS), now Radio Philippines Network (RPN), begins its broadcast. [126][132]
November 11Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines (second term).[1][137]
[verification needed]


1970 Typhoon Patsy (Yoling) is the most devastating typhoon to hit the country at that time. [87]
January 26–MarchFirst Quarter Storm [92][137][138]
April Major rallies and riots held, protesting oil prices and fare costs.
May Rally held against the government and U.S. participation in Vietnam War.
June 27 Pres. Marcos publicly endorses the Barrio Self-Defense Units, later Civilian Home Defense Forces. [138]
July 1 Cityhood of Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte (Republic Act No. 5520) [19]
August 31 Cityhood of Surigao, Surigao del Norte (RA 6134) [27]
November 17Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.
November 27Pope Paul VI makes his first papal visit in the Philippines, but survived an assassination attempt by Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores at Manila International Airport.
December 29 Members of the New People's Army, led by Lt. Victor Corpuz, raid the armory of the Philippine Military Academy. [141]
1971 Moro National Liberation Front is established by Nur Misuari.
FebruaryDiliman commune[92]
June Manili massacre
June 1The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The Convention elects former Pres. Carlos Garcia as its head.[137]
[verification needed]
June 14Death of Carlos Garcia, former Philippine President; another former Pres. Diosdado Macapagal succeeds as the president of the Constitutional Convention.[87]
August 21Plaza Miranda is bombed during the Liberal Party's election campaign, seriously injuring some opposition personalities.[36][92][137][142]
August 22Pres. Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus following the Plaza Miranda bombing.[36]
September U.S. operations in Sangley Point Naval Base terminated.
September 10Provincehood of Quirino (Republic Act No. 6394), former sub-province independent from Nueva Vizcaya.[83][80]
September 17Provincehood of Siquijor (Republic Act No. 6398), former sub-province independent from Negros Oriental. [83][80]
October 10Leonardo “Nardong Putik” Manecio, one of the most notorious gangsters and dubbed as Cavite’s Public Enemy No. 1 was killed in Imus in a highway shootout with NBI agents.[130]
November Philippine Senate election, 1971
1972Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over the country. The MNLF launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.
Parliamentary form of government is approved by the Constitutional Convention. [137]
January Pres. Marcos restores the Writ of Habeas Corpus
June Daily Express is established; Martial Law era newspaper later sequestered by Aquino government. [40]
July 5 Philippine Constabulary confiscates arms and ammunition in a raid in Digoyo Point, Isabela, implicating to the alleged Communist attacks. [92]
August Quasha decision: Supreme Court decides on American ownership rights.
September Explosions rock Manila Electric Company main office.
September 13 Sen. Ninoy Aquino exposes Oplan Sagittarius, a top-secret plan to place the capital under military control. [92][137][143]
September 21Pres. Marcos signs the Martial Law edict (Proclamation No. 1081) to be imposed nationwide; at that time not publicly announced.[92][126][138][142][143]
September 22Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile survives a staged assassination attempt.[92][137][143]
Pres. Marcos announces that he had placed the entire country under martial law, with the earlier "ambush" as a pretext.[92][137][143]
Media establishments and wire agencies are ordered to be closed. [40][92][126][144]
Sen. Aquino arrested. [92][137][143]
September 23The implementation of martial law is officially announced.[1][92][143]
Public utilities as well as media outlets, except some including newspaper Daily Express and television and radio stations of Kanlaon Broadcasting System, are shut down and seized by the government.[40][92][126][143]
Media and opposition figures, including three other Senators, are arrested.[40][92][137][143][144]
September 26The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform Program is decreed.
The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur
October Land reform program issued (Presidential Decree 27)
October 22The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter regaining control of the city.
November 29The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.
December First Lady Imelda Marcos survives an assassination attempt.
1973Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim countries for the war in Mindanao.
January 10–15A plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the new Constitution, which would become effective.[92][137][141]
January 15Chinese drug lord Lim Seng is executed by firing squad in public in Fort Bonifacio for drug trafficking.[141]
January 17 Pres. Marcos declares the approval of the 1973 Constitution, orders Congress padlocked. [1][92][141]
March 1 Philippine News Agency established [16]
March 31 Supreme Court upholds the validity of the 1973 Constitution. [92][137]
AprilThe National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.
April Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) established [40][107][126][129]
May Masagana 99 program launched
July 2 San Juanico Bridge, connecting Samar and Leyte islands, is inaugurated. [80]
July 21Miss Philippines Margarita Moran was crowned Miss Universe 1973.
July 27Marcos' term as president extended by virtue of a referendum, which was latter proven as a hoax
September 27Provincehood of Tawi-Tawi (Presidential Decree No. 302), separating from Sulu. [27][83]
November 22Old Cotabato is divided into the new provinces of North Cotabato (later renamed Cotabato, 1984), Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat. (PD 341)[28][29][83]
December 27Provincehood of Basilan (PD 356) [29][83]
1974 DWGT-TV, now People's Television, established [127]
February Jolo is occupied and burned by Muslim forces.
February 27Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of another referendum
March 11Japanese Lt. Hiroo Onoda formally surrenders in a ceremony held in Malacañang Palace after staying for years in the Lubang Island.[141]
June First Filipino All-Muslim Congress held in Marawi City.
July Parity rights amendment as stated in 1955 Laurel–Langley Trade Act expired.
July 21Miss Universe 1974, its 23rd pageant, was held in Manila.[126]
[verification needed]
August Jesuit Sacred Heart Novitiate in Novaliches is raided by the military allegedly searching for Jose Maria Sison.
September Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines petitions Pres. Marcos to end martial law.
September Jose Diokno is ordered by Pres. Marcos to be released.
September Barangay status is reorganized and Sep 21 is declared Barangay Day (Presidential Decree 557).
September–October First Lady Imelda Marcos visits People's Republic of China.
September 17 Supreme Court upholds the declaration of martial law and dismisses petitions regarding habeas corpus. [92]
October Secretary-general of the old communist party Felicisimo Macapagal signs a memorandum of cooperation with the President's efforts.
November Eugenio Lopez, Jr. stages a hunger strike while in detention.
December 1Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War published
December 24 A classified wire revealing the so-called Rolex 12 is submitted by the American Embassy in Manila to the Secretary of State in Washington, D.C. [138]
1975 Primitivo Mijares' book The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos published.
February Primitivo Mijares defects from the government.
February Third referendum, asking for continuation of exercising the Presidential powers, held.
April 4 Ninoy Aquino starts his hunger strike for his refusal to recognize military court's jurisdiction on charges against him. [93][141]
April 9Philippine Basketball Association founded[141]
June Diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China formalized.
June Primitivo Mijares testifies in the U.S. Congress on the alleged corruption and abuses of the government.
October 2Thrilla in Manila[126][141]
[verification needed]
November 1Pres. Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 824, establishing Metro Manila and creating the Metropolitan Manila Commission (MMC).[26]
[verification needed]
1976January 4New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested
July Lt. Victor Corpuz captured.
August 17An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) hit Mindanao, killing an estimated 8,000 people on and off the coast.[36]
August 26Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested[137]
[verification needed]
October Annual meeting of boards of governors of World Bank and International Monetary Fund is held in the Philippine International Convention Center.
October 16Martial Law allowed to extend by virtue of a plebiscite[92]
November First Lady Imelda Marcos visits Libya.
December 23Tripoli Agreement is signed between the Philippine Government and the secessionist group Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in Tripoli, Libya.[31][90]
1977 January 20The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the MNLF.
March 4President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsamoro Islamic Government
August Pres. Marcos announces amnesty for persons found guilty of subversion.
August 22 Imposition of curfew hours lifted [92]
September 2 Archimedes Trajano found dead, murdered [138][141]
OctoberEugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III escaped from detention in Fort Bonifacio and flee to the United States.
November 10CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested[92][137]
[verification needed]
November 25The military court finds Ninoy Aquino, Bernabe Buscayno and Victor Corpuz guilty of their charges and sentences them to death by firing squad; but sentence never imposed.[93][137][141]
December 16A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.
1978Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
April 7Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected.[1][92][137]
May U.S. Vice Pres. Walter Mondale visits the Philippines.
June Inauguration of Interim Batasang Pambansa with Pres. Marcos as its Prime Minister.
October 5Jesus is Lord Church led by Eddie Villanueva, a former activist and professor was established.
1979 January U.S. military bases agreement amended.
April 10President Ferdinand Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 1616 creating the Intramuros Administration[145]
May Regional assembly elections held in Mindanao.
May–June United Nations Conference on Trade and Development is held in the Philippine International Convention Center.
July 30Eat Bulaga!, the longest running noon-time variety show in the Philippines, premiered on RPN. It was also aired on ABS-CBN from 1989 to 1995 and on GMA Network since 1995.
August 13Aurora province was established by Batas Pambansa Blg. 7.
October 31Project Gintong Alay, a national sports program was commenced.
November Construction of a nuclear-power plant in Bataan is ordered to be stopped.
December Ninoy Aquino is released from detention for the first time after given a furlough. [137]
December Eduardo Olaguer is arrested by the military on his involvement in the Light-a-Fire Movement.


1980 The Philippines' first local elections under the martial law era is held amid wide boycotts. [1][137]
April 22MV Don Juan and oil tanker MT Tacloban City collide in Tablas Strait off Mindoro, killing 176.[90][146]
May Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU) organized
May Pres. Marcos allows Ninoy Aquino to flee to the U.S. for his medical treatment. [137]
1981 January Businessman Dewey Dee flees from the Philippines, leaving behind debts.
January 17Martial law lifted (Proclamation 2045)[1][92][137][142]
February 17–21Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for his first papal visit.[1][92][126]
[verification needed]
April 7 Executive Committee is created by a constitutional amendment as ratified in a plebiscite. [92]
June 161981 Philippine general election and referendum (Ferdinand Marcos re-elected to a third term).[1][92][137][142]
[verification needed]
June 30Inauguration of Pres. Marcos; Finance Minister Cesar Virata is elected Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa
November 17Accident during the construction of the Manila Film Center, 169 were killed.
1982 Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) formed [137]
January Sportsman Tomas Manotoc is abducted and "rescued" by the government agents.
International Film Festival is held in the Manila Film Center.
March 30At least 38 deaths resulted when Typhoon Nelson tore through the central and southern areas of the country.
April United Nationalist Democratic Opposition formed.
May Barangay elections held for the first time.
August Felixberto Olalia and Crispin Beltran of the KMU are ordered to be arrested.
August 2 Alleged Marcos' fake medals exposed. [138]
September Pres. Marcos visits United States.
December Newspapers We Forum and Malaya are shut down by the President for engaging in "black propaganda."
1983August 21Sen. Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at then Manila International Airport.[1][16][36][40][92]
August 31 Approximately seven million people attends funeral procession of Ninoy Aquino which turned into a rally, the longest and largest in history. [92][137]
September National Day of Sorrow is held by opposition.
November 21 Martyrdom of Good Shepherd Sisters [138]
1984 January 27 Executive Committee is abolished and the Office of the Vice President is restored through a constitutional amendment as ratified in a plebiscite. [92]
February "Tarlac to Tarmac" march is staged by opposition and coalition groups.
May 141984 Philippine parliamentary election[1][137][147]
July National Assembly covenes; Prime Minister Virata reconfirmed; Nicanor Yniguez elected Speaker.
August 19El Shaddai DWXI Prayer Partners Foundation International, Inc. led by Bro. Mike Z. Velarde, a geological engineer and movie producer was established.
September 1Typhoon Nitang struck the Philippines. It killed 1,492 people and 1,856 more were injured. Roughly 1.6 million people were affected in the country.
November 14Mayor Cesar Climaco assassinated[138]
December Convenor Group organized.
December 1Manila LRT Line 1 opened as the Southeast Asia's first rail line.
1985 May 6 Death of Julie Vega [149]
June 12New Design Banknotes Released
July Pres. Marcos transfers the control of the Integrated National Police from Defense Ministry to the presidential control. [137]
August Opposition Parliament members file impeachment charges against Pres. Marcos. [137][147]
September 20A massacre in Escalante, Negros Occidental kills at least 20 people.[138][149]
October 18 Typhoon Dot (Saling) landfalls on the country, leaves at least 101 people dead. [149]
October 21 Marchers joining the five-day Lakbayan rally are shot by the police at Taft Avenue before reaching Liwasang Bonifacio, leaving a number of deaths. [138]
October 28 Congressional and U.S. intelligence sources report that Pres. Marcos was diagnosed with a fatal illness. [92]
November 3 Pres. Marcos announces in a television interview that he would set a snap elections. [1][92][142][147][150]
December 2AFP Chief of Staff Gen. Fabian Ver and 26 others accused of conspiracy in the assassination of Ninoy Aquino are acquitted by Sandiganbayan.[1][92][137][147][150]
December 9Philippine Daily Inquirer is founded and publishes its first issue.[40][149][151]
December 15 Death of Carlos Romulo, journalist; 1942 Pulitzer Prize recipient. [40][149]
1986February 71986 Philippine presidential election[1][92][137][142][144]
February 9 Thirty-five COMELEC computer workers led by Linda Kapunan walk out at PICC, protesting alleged cheating of election results. [92][137][138][147][150]
February 11 Opposition Antique former Gov. Evelio Javier is assassinated during the canvassing of election results. [137][147]
February 15Batasang Pambansa declares Marcos and Arturo Tolentino as re-elected President and elected vice-president, respectively. Twenty-six Assembly members walk out before the proclamation.[92][137][142][150]
February 16 Marcos' opponent Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, Jr., is proclaimed President in Tagumpay ng Bayan rally in Rizal Park and calls for a civil disobedience campaign as a protest. [92][137][150]
February 22–25EDSA I Revolution ousts Pres. Marcos; Corazon Cojuangco–Aquino becomes President.
  • February 22 – Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Constabulary Chief Gen. Fidel Ramos withdraw from the Marcos administration. Crowd gather outside camps Crame and Aguinaldo. RAM joins with them as attempted coup prevented. Jaime Cardinal Sin urges the public on a growing revolt.
  • February 23 – People flock to two camps, and Ortigas Avenue and EDSA, to join with Enrile and Ramos and express support for Cojuangco–Aquino as the real new president. Marine forces targeting them are stopped.
  • February 24 – Attacks occur in Camp Aguinaldo, Villamor Airbase, and Malacañang; air force unit joins with rebels; reformists take over government-owned MBS-4.
  • February 25 – Cojuangco–Aquino is sworn in as president by Senior Associate Justice Claudio Teehankee, and Salvador Laurel as vice-president by Justice Vicente Abad Santos, at Club Filipino in San Juan. Aquino appoints Enrile as Defense Secretary and Ramos as AFP Chief of Staff. Marcos also holds his own inauguration as television stations covering the ceremonies are destroyed by rebels, however at evening, he and his family are transported by helicopters to Clark Air Base.
February 26 From Clark Air Base, Marcoses finally leave the country aboard U.S. planes to Guam and to Hawaii. [87][137]
February 28 Presidential Commission on Good Government is formed by Pres. Aquino. [verification needed]
March 5 CPP founder Jose Maria Sison and NPA founder Dante Buscayno are freed by Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino. [17]
March 25Pres. Aquino declares a revolutionary government, abolishes Interim Batasang Pambansa and the 1973 Constitution and adopts Freedom Constitution (Proclamation No. 3).[150]
July 6 Former Vice Pres. Arturo Tolentino, with groups of armed military officers and Marcos loyalists, occupies the Manila Hotel and declares himself as "acting" President; they are forced to surrender after the failure of the coup that lasted until the 8th. [90][154]
July 22DZMM of ABS–CBN is established as the first post-revolution AM radio station.[155]
DWKO established as the first post-revolution FM radio station.
July 28The Philippine Star publishes its first issue.[90][156]
August 21 Bantayog ng mga Bayani founded [138]
September 13The Mt. Data Peace Accord is signed in Mt. Data in Bauko, Mountain Province, between the Philippine Government and the separatist Cordillera Bodong Administration–Cordillera People's Liberation Army, involving cessation of hostilities that led to a creation of an administrative region. [27]
[verification needed]
September 14 ABS–CBN resumes its broadcast. [126][129][133]
November 13KMU chairman Rolando Olalia was shot dead in Antipolo, Rizal by attributing his party leaders within the military.
November 22 A coup attempt called "God Save the Queen" is reportedly discovered by the government. [150][154]
1987 January 22Mendiola massacre: Thirteen from the farmers are killed in clashes with the forces of policemen and soldiers at Mendiola Bridge in Manila during their protest rally.[90][150]
January 27–29 Pro-Marcos rebel soldiers, led by Col. Oscar Canlas, seize GMA Network compound, for almost 3 days, and military bases in Sangley Point, Cavite and in Pasay wherein an assault with government military forces results in the death of a mutineer and 16 injuries. [90][150][154]
February 2The 1987 constitution, drafted by the Constitutional Commission, is ratified in a plebiscite.[150][157]
February 10Eighteen people are killed in a clash between rebels of the New People's Army and the military forces in Lupao, Nueva Ecija. [87]
February 11 A new constitution is declared ratified, replacing the "freedom constitution." [1]
Manila Standard publishes its first issue.[87]
March 2TV Patrol, the longest-running Filipino spoken evening newscast, starts its broadcast on ABS-CBN.
April 18 A raid is staged by 56 rebel soldiers on Fort Bonifacio, a rebel soldier dies. [87][150][154]
May 111987 Philippine legislative election; the first free elections held in almost two decades and under the new constitution.[1][150]
June 27Philippine Airlines PR 206 crashes into Mt. Ugo in Benguet, killing 50 on board.[87][135][136][158][159]
July A plot to take over MIA discovered, with four military officers arrested. [150][154]
July 15 The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is created through Executive Order No. 220 signed by Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino, consisting of, from Region 1, the provinces of Abra, Benguet and Mountain Province, and Baguio, and from Region 2, the provinces of Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao. [85][27]
August 28–29A coup attempt, said to be the bloodiest of the attempts against Pres. Aquino, is launched by rebel soldiers of RAM, led by Col. Gregorio Honasan, with assaults on Malacañang Palace, Camp Aguinaldo, Villamor Air Base, various television stations, and military camps in Pampanga and Cebu resulting in 53 fatalities and over 200 injuries; prevented on the 29th as Honasan evades arrest.[1][36][87][90][142]
October 18Canonization of San Lorenzo Ruiz, the first Filipino saint[87]
November 25Super Typhoon Sisang slammed into Luzon, killing 1,063 people.
December 20Interisland passenger ferry MV Doña Paz, said to be overloaded, and oil tanker MT Vector collide and sink at Tablas Strait between Marinduque and Oriental Mindoro provinces and Tablas Island; death toll later estimated to be 4,386; the deadliest maritime disaster in peacetime world history.[1][82][87][90][146]
1988January 18Local elections are held under the new constitution.[1]
April 2 Military reports that Col. Honasan, who led the August 1987 coup attempt, escapes from his prison ship in Manila Bay. [87]
June Political organization Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) formed [1]
June 10Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino signs the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) into law (Republic Act No. 6657), providing land reform for farmers; to be effective within 10 years; later extended.[90][19]
October Former Pres. Marcos and his wife are charged in the United States regarding illegal money transfer. [1]
October 17Interior Bases Agreement was signed by the Philippines and United States.
October 23–24Typhoon Unsang struck into Luzon.
October 24 Interisland ferry MV Doña Marilyn sinks off Leyte during a typhoon, killing 389. [90][146][160][161]
1989 Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism founded [16]
January 5Camp Cawa-Cawa in Zamboanga City is seized by some soldiers following the hostage crisis wherein seven people were taken hostage by Rizal Alih and killed in an air strike.[87][90]
March 31The famous alleged Marian apparition in the town of Agoo, La Union to Judiel Nieva.
April 21 U.S. Army Col. James Rowe is assassinated by the Communists; incident prompts the issue of removal of the U.S. military bases from the country. [1]
August 1Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino signs Republic Act No. 6734 (the Organic Act), a law creating the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, giving limited autonomy to the Muslim provinces.[1][80]
August 13–15Davao hostage crisis: Felipe Pugoy and Mohammad Nasser Samparini, perpetrators of an earlier hostage-taking incident in Davao Penal Colony on April, lead the prisoners who take five people hostage in Davao Metrodiscom; ending in gunfights with the authorities resulting in the death of the hostages as well as some hostage takers.[90]
September 20Lea Salonga begins her performance in the West End production of Miss Saigon in London, for the leading role of Kim.
September 28Death of Ferdinand Marcos, former Philippine President[1][87][92]
October 1–13 Typhoons Angela (Rubing), Dan (Saling), and Elsie (Tasing) impact the country in two weeks.
  • Super typhoon Angela (Rubing), causes 119 fatalities and $8 million worth of damage.
  • Typhoon Dan (Saling) leaves 58 dead and hundreds of thousands homeless.
  • Typhoon Elsie (Tasing) leaves 47 dead, $35.4 million worth of damage, and 332 thousand people homeless.
November 19 A plebiscite is held in ARMM, resulting in the ratification of RA 6734 that established the region, with the inclusion of the provinces of Lanao del Sur (except Marawi City), Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. [29][80]
December 1–9A coup attempt is launched by RAM under Col. Honasan and Marcos loyalists under retired Gen. Jose Ma. Zumel, with Malacañang bombarded on the 1st and several military bases seized; rebels surrender on the 9th; the most serious attempt against Pres. Aquino with 99 casualties.[1][87][142][150][154]


1990 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao is officially created. [1]
March 4Hotel Delfino in Tuguegarao, Cagayan is seized by suspended Gov. Rodolfo Aguinaldo and his armed men of 200, followed by a gunfight intending to kill them, with a checkpoint shootout, where 14 found dead and 10 injured.[87]
June U.S. Peace Corps removed 261 volunteers from the country amid Communist threats. [1]
July 16Luzon earthquake: An earthquake with a surface wave magnitude of 7.8, whose epicenter was recorded in Nueva Ecija, hits Northern and Central Luzon, affecting Cabanatuan, Dagupan, and Baguio cities, and parts of Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan provinces, causing a death toll of an estimated 1,621 and estimated damages worth ₱15 billion; produces a 125-km long ground rupture stretching from the municipalities of Dingalan to Cuyapo; strongest and costliest in the island since 1970.[1][87][90][142][156]
September Sixteen military members are convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment regarding the 1983 assassination of Sen. Aquino. [1]
October 4–6A raid is staged by mutinying soldiers on an army base in Mindanao on the dawn of 4th; Brig. Gen. Danilo Lim and 21 others capitulate to the government on the 6th.[87]
Col. Alexander Noble stages a coup in Mindanao and seizes two military garrisons in Cagayan de Oro and Butuan cities. [154]
[verification needed]
November 12Typhoon Mike (Ruping) hits Visayas, affecting Cebu City, Bacolod, and other key cities.[1][142]
[verification needed]
1991January 29Merger of the Philippine Constabulary with the Integrated National Police to form the Philippine National Police.
June 12–15Pinatubo eruption: Series of major eruptions from the dormant Mount Pinatubo, the most explosive occurred on the 15th, and worsened by Typhoon Yunya (Diding) causing massive lahar flows, affecting densely populated areas of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga; killing 847 people; total damages at least ₱12 billion; the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.[1][87][90][142][156]
June 30Vizconde massacre case[156]
July 13Hultman-Chapman murder case
September 16Senate votes, 12–11, to reject a Treaty of Friendship, Peace and Cooperation between the U.S. and Philippines, an agreement for renewal of American military bases in the Philippines in exchange for aid, forcing them to leave the country.[27][28][90][142][150]
October 10 The Local Government Code is signed into law. [29]
November Former First Lady Imelda Marcos returns to the country to face charges against her. [1]
U.S. closes and surrenders Clark Air Base. [90][150]
November 4–5Tropical Storm Uring lashes into Eastern Visayas, leaving 8,000 people dead as a result of widespread flooding in the coastal city of Ormoc, Leyte.
Terrorist group Abu Sayyaf is founded by Abdurajak Janjalani, separated from the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in which he was a former member. [1][90]
1992 January Former First Lady Marcos is arrested and later released on charges regarding her accounts in Switzerland. [1]
January 15Pag-asa was hatched in Davao City becoming the first Philippine eagle to be successfully bred and hatched in captivity.[82]
[verification needed]
March 16 Provincehood of Sarangani (Republic Act No. 7228), separating from South Cotabato. [85]
May 111992 Philippine general election, the first under the 1987 Constitution (Fidel V. Ramos and Joseph E. Estrada are elected president and vice president, respectively.)[1][87][142]
Biliran province was established through RA 7160.
May 22Guimaras province was established through RA 7160.
June 30 Inauguration of Pres. Fidel Ramos. [1][142][150]
August 24–29The team representing the Zamboanga City Little League won the International Championship of the 1992 Little League World Series held in Pennsylvania. However, it was discovered that the Filipino team violated age and residency rules and Little League stripped them of their title.
September 30 U.S. forces leave Subic Bay Naval Base upon its turn over to the Philippines. [1][142]
November 24 Subic Bay Naval Base closes as it is turned over to the local government, with a last batch of American soldiers finally leaving Naval Air Station Cubi Point and returning to the U.S., ending its military presence in the country. [28][90][142][164]
Pres. Ramos signs the Anti-Subversion Act of 1992. [1]
1993 Catholics led by Cardinal Sin, hold a major rally in Manila, protesting the administration's policies on birth control and prevention of AIDS. [1]
June 28–29Sarmenta-Gomez Rape-slay case.
July 2A floating pagoda sinks in the annual Bocaue River Festival in Bocaue, Bulacan, 279 devotees drown.[87][160]
September Marcos funeral: Remains of former Pres. Marcos return in the country upon permission from the government; are interred later in his hometown of Batac. [1][90]
September 24Former First Lady Imelda Marcos is found by Sandiganbayan guilty of corruption and sentenced to 18–24 years in prison.[1][87][165]
December Numerous bomb attacks in Davao City, targeting a church and two mosques, kill at least two and injure 150. [90]
Pres. Ramos signs Republic Act 7659 reinstating capital punishment for selected crimes, which is banned in the 1987 Constitution. [1][90]
1994 January The government and the Moro National Liberation Front sign a ceasefire agreement, aiming to end guerrilla war. [1]
March 29The Philippines first makes its connection to the Internet, with Philippine Network Foundation connects to the United States' Sprint via a 64 kbit/s link.[40][87]
May 5 Cityhood of Santiago, Isabela (Republic Act No. 7720) [26]
May 21Miss Universe 1994, its 43rd pageant, was held in Manila.
June A 5-day conference on East Timor held in Manila ends with an agreement to form a coalition for then Indonesian territory. [1]
July Abu Sayyaf group massacres 15 Christian civilians in Basilan and holds 19 others hostage; most of the captives are freed later following a rescue mission, while Lamitan parish priest Fr. Cirilo Nacorda is freed on August after being turned over by the group to the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). [90]
June 22 The Manila Film Festival's Awards Night was marred by allegations of cheating.
October Series of terror attacks of the MILF in parts of North Cotabato result in the death of 50 people from both the rebel and government sides and displace thousands from four municipalities. [90]
November 15Mindoro earthquake
December 2 Singaporean freighter Kota Suria and ferry MV Cebu City collides in Manila Bay, killing about 140. [146][160][161]
December 11 A bomb explodes on board a Philippine Airlines plane during a test run as part of the Bojinka plot, a planned attack for the assassination of Pope John Paul II during his 1995 visit, killing a passenger. [87][159][166][167]
Abu Sayyaf launches a series of bombings in Zamboanga City, killing 71. [90]
1995 January Bojinka plot is discovered following a chemical fire in an apartment in Manila. [1][87][167][168]
January 10–15Pope John Paul II visits the Philippines and presides over the country's first World Youth Day in Manila.[1][87]
[clarification needed]
February Philippine Navy sights ships and structures being built, all by the Chinese, in Mischief Reef (Panganiban Reef) in the South China Sea off Palawan; causing Manila to file legal diplomatic actions against Beijing over continuous occupation of the Kalayaan Island Group, and further resistance between the Philippines and China. [1][90]
February 14Old Kalinga-Apayao is divided into separate provinces of Kalinga and Apayao. (Republic Act No. 7878)[19][85]
March 14 Then Calauan, Laguna Mayor Antonio Sanchez and several co-accused are sentenced to life imprisonment for the death of two UPLB students. [156]
March 17OFW Flor Contemplacion, accused of murder, is executed in Singapore.[1]
[verification needed]
April 3Abu Sayyaf rebels raid Ipil town, wherein they burn the town center and kill 53 people.[1][90]
[verification needed]
[clarification needed]
April 30President Ramos inaugurated the opening of Subic International Airport (formerly a United States military base). This indicates growth after the removal of military bases in the country.
May 81995 Philippine general election
May 17Kuratong Baleleng case
October 31Super Typhoon Rosing
November 27The construction of the Skyway project was initiated, the biggest infrastructure project in the country that was intended to ease the flow of traffic in Metro Manila.
1996March 18Fire razes Ozone Disco Bar in Quezon City, killing more than 158, including students.[156][169]
March 24Marcopper mining disaster in Marinduque occurs; one of the largest mining disasters in history.[87][169]
August 1OFW Sarah Balabagan, accused of killing her Arab employer in 1994, is freed.[169]
[verification needed]
August 4Onyok Velasco wins the silver medal in the semifinal rounds of a boxing category in the 1996 Summer Olympics held in the U.S.; however, later loses a gold medal after being defeated by a Bulgarian opponent.[169]
[verification needed]
September 2The Final Peace Agreement between the Philippine Government and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), led by Nur Misuari, is signed at the Malacañan Palace; implementing the 1976 Tripoli Agreement.[1][90][169]
November 24–258th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit was held in Subic.[169]
[verification needed]
1997 April 21 Death of Diosdado Macapagal, former Philippine President [87]
July Asian financial crisis hits the country; causes decreasing economic growth in the Philippines.[1][87][90]
October 29 Pres. Ramos signs Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act (Republic Act No. 8371), with the creation of National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP). [29][31]
1998 January 30 Provincehood of Compostela Valley (Republic Act No. 8470), separating from Davao del Norte. [85]
Cityhood of Passi, Iloilo (RA 8469) [85]
February 2A Cebu Pacific plane hits Mt. Sumagaya in Claveria, Misamis Oriental, killing 104 on board.[135][136][158]
February 10 Cityhood of Urdaneta, Pangasinan (Republic Act No. 8480). [17]
February 11 Cityhood of Talisay, Negros Occidental (Republic Act No. 8489) [17]
February 12 Cityhood of Kidapawan, North Cotabato (Republic Act No. 8500) [17]
May 111998 Philippine general election (Joseph Estrada is elected)[170][171][172]
June 12Celebrations for Centennial of Philippine Independence begins, with 2-day activities held.[87][90]
June 30 Joseph Estrada takes his oath as 13th president of the Philippines. [1][170]
Newly elected Vice President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo takes office. [1]
June–September Dry spell felt in 16 regions amid country's four-year growth, with ₱9 billion worth of agricultural damages. [87]
September 18 Passenger ferry Princess of the Orient sinks off Fortune Island during a typhoon, killing 150. [146][160][161]
Abu Sayyaf founder Abdurajak Janjalani dies in a police encounter. [90]
1999 February 5 Rape convict Leo Echegaray is executed by lethal injection at the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa; the first Filipino to be meted the death penalty since its reinstatement in 1993; yet the country's first public execution since 1976, and also of that method. [1][82][87][88][90]
May New Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) with the United States is ratified by the Senate, returning American military presence in the country. [1][90]
August 3About 60 people died and 378 houses buried when a massive landslide, caused by Typhoon Olga (Ising), occurs in Cherry Hills subdivision in Antipolo, Rizal.[87]
December 18 Cityhood of Tuguegarao, Cagayan [29][31]

21st century


2000January 1The Philippines celebrates the new 2000 millennium nationwide.
March 15Pres. Estrada's government declares an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).[90]
[verification needed]
April 19An Air Philippines plane crashes in the hills of Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte, killing all 131 on board; the worst aviation disaster in country's history.[82][90][135][136][158]
April 12Cargo vessel Annahada sinks off Jolo Island, killing 159. [146][160][161]
April 23Twenty-one foreigners are abducted by Abu Sayyaf extremists from Sipadan Island, Malaysia and are later brought to Jolo Island; hostage crisis lasts five months.[90][170]
MayA computer virus is released by a student, damaging around 45 million computers worldwide.[90]
May 25A Philippine Airlines plane is hijacked by an armed man, who later died in a failed jump attempt. [173]
July 9Fall of Camp Abubakar: Camp Abubakar in Maguindanao is captured by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), as part of a campaign against Moro insurgency in Mindanao. [90][170]
July 10More than 200 people are killed in a trash slide in Payatas, Quezon City.[90]
[verification needed]
August 10 Cityhood of Maasin, Southern Leyte (Republic Act No. 8796) [80]
October 4Luis Singson exposes Pres. Estrada's alleged links to illegal gambling; followed by a privilege speech of Sen. Teofisto Guingona in Senate. [87]
November 13Pres. Estrada is the first incumbent president to be impeached by House of Representatives on accusations regarding jueteng money;[1][87][90][170][171]
December 5 Cityhood of Valencia, Bukidnon approved (RA 8985); ratified in a plebiscite, January 12, 2001. [29][85]
December 7The Senate formally initiates the impeachment trial against Pres. Estrada presided by Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr.[174][175][176]
December 9Cityhood of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, the first Science City in the country and in Southeast Asia. [28]
December 30Rizal Day bombings: Series of terrorist bombings occur in Metro Manila, with 22 fatalities and more than 120 injuries.[87][90][175]
Cityhood of Balanga, Bataan [29]
2001 January 16–20EDSA II Revolution ousts Pres. Estrada; Vice-Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo becomes the 14th president of the Philippines.
  • January 16 – Prosecutors of the trial walk out after senators voted, 11–10, not to open the second envelope containing the documents of evidences against Pres. Estrada, regarding his supposed link to a bank account purportedly containing kickbacks from an illegal numbers game; crowd start to gather in the People Power Shrine and conduct the mass rallies, calling for his resignation.
  • January 17 – Impeachment trial aborted.
  • January 19 – High-ranking military and police officials, including Defense Secy. Orlando Mercado, AFP Chief of Staff Gen. Angelo Reyes and PNP Chief Dir. Gen. Panfilo Lacson, withdraw from the Estrada administration.
  • January 20 – Pres. Estrada resigns and leaves Malacañang. Vice-Pres. Macapagal Arroyo is sworn into office by Chief Justice Davide at Our Lady of EDSA Shrine in Mandaluyong; thus, the nation's second woman President.
January Cityhood of San Fernando, Pampanga approved (Republic Act No. 8990); ratified in a plebiscite, Feb. 4. [85]
February 22Provincehood of Zamboanga Sibugay (RA 8973), separating from Zamboanga del Sur.[17][19]
[clarification needed]
March Moro Islamic Liberation Front declares ceasefire with the government. [1]
March 5 Cityhood of Calamba, Laguna approved (RA 9024); ratified in a plebiscite, Apr. 21. [19]
April 25 Former Pres. Estrada, charged with plunder while in office, and his son Jinggoy are arrested following an arrest warrant issued by Sandiganbayan with their co-accused. [1][92][174][177]
April 30 – May 1EDSA III: Supporters of former Pres. Estrada stage protest following his arrest, ending in a violent dispersal and riots on the 1st, killing four.[90][92][174][177]
May 142001 Philippine general election
May 27Dos Palmas Resort kidnappings: Twenty hotel staff and guests, mostly tourists, are seized by the Islamist terrorist group Abu Sayyaf members from the Dos Palmas Resort in Honda Bay, Palawan; hostage crisis lasts for more than 12 months.[1][87][90][156]
Lamitan Siege: Abu Sayyaf takes a church and a hospital in Lamitan, Basilan hostage, with captives brought from Palawan, wherein four of them are reportedly escaped, and 20 more people; terrorists escape military operation. [90]
August 18A fire swept through the Manor Hotel in Quezon City and killed at least 68 people.
November A rebellion in Sulu and Zamboanga City, staged by several MNLF commanders loyal to Nur Misuari, is suppressed by AFP. [90]
Another plebiscite is held in ARMM (by virtue of RA 9054) for its expansion, resulting in inclusion of Basilan province and Marawi City. [80]
2002 February 26 Former Pres. Estrada admits signing ₱500 million Jose Velarde bank account in Equitable-PCI Bank. [87]
March 5Mindanao earthquake
May 31Hostage crisis in Pasay Bus Terminal, a 4-year-old boy was killed.
June 7 A rescue operation for the remaining Abu Sayyaf captives, held since 2001, is launched by the Special Forces of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) in an area in Zamboanga del Norte; with a gun battle resulting in the deaths of Martin Burnham and Ediborah Yap; only Gracia Burnham survived. [1][90]
June 21Death of Abu Sabaya, leader of Abu Sayyaf.
August Abu Sayyaf kidnaps six Filipino members of a Christian group, two of them later beheaded. [1]
October Series of bombings, allegedly by the Abu Sayyaf, take place in Manila and Zamboanga cities. [1]
2003 February 11 Government soldiers' attempt to disband a terrorist kidnap group "Pentagon Gang" results in a 3-day encounter that killed about 135 MILF fighters in their base near Pikit town. [1]
July 27Oakwood mutiny: Magdalo Group, led by Army Capt. Gerardo Gambala and LtSG. Antonio Trillanes IV, takes a mutiny at Oakwood Premier apartments in Makati.[90][178]
November 20 Death of Pedro Yap, former Chief Justice [87]
2004February 27SuperFerry 14 is bombed by then Jemaah Islamiyah-linked Abu Sayyaf, then sinks near Manila Bay, killing 116; deadliest terrorist attack in Philippine history.[90][146][160][161]
March 3 Supreme Court votes, 8–5, to declare then Presidential candidate Fernando Poe Jr. as a natural-born Filipino, qualifying him to run in elections. [90]
May 102004 Philippine general election (incumbent Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo elected to a six-year term)[1][87][90][178]
June 30 Pres. Macapagal Arroyo is sworn into office by then Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr. at the provincial capitol of Cebu. [26]
October 13 Death of Enrique Fernando, former Chief Justice. [87]
November 12 A Philippine National Railways train crashes in Padre Burgos, Quezon, killing 12. [179]
November 16Hacienda Luisita massacre takes place, 14 people die in clashes with police.[90]
[verification needed]
November 20 – December 2 Cyclones Muifa (Unding), Merbok (Violeta), Winnie and Nanmadol (Yoyong) hit the country, affecting million people, causing massive fatalities and damages. [180][178]
December 14 Death of Fernando Poe, Jr., action film star [87][178]
Cityhood of Santa Rosa, Laguna [85]
2005February 14Valentine's Day bombings: Three explosions occur in the cities of Makati, Davao, and General Santos, resulting to, in total, 8 deaths and at least 90 injuries; Abu Sayyaf claims responsibility for the attacks.[87][178]
May 11 A bus crash in Tuba, Benguet leaves 27 dead. [181]
June 6Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned): Audio recordings, containing a conversation believed to be between Pres. Macapagal Arroyo and Election Commissioner Virgilio Garcillano, are released by media to the public, revealing the allegations of cheating in 2004 national elections.[87][90][178]
June 27 Pres. Macapagal Arroyo addresses the Filipinos in a live televised speech from Malacañang regarding an audio recording controversy. [90]
September 6 Congress rejects impeachment complaints against Pres. Macapagal Arroyo in what would be the longest Lower House session in country's history. [90]
November Reformed Value Added Tax Act (also called Expanded VAT) is implemented, after being delayed for months, as a solution to the government's fiscal crisis. [178]
2006February 4A stampede occurred at the PhilSports Complex, causing the deaths of 74 people.
February 17A landslide from an entire mountainside occurs in Guinsaugon village in Southern Leyte, following continuous heavy rains and an earthquake, causing damages and 1,126 deaths.[87][180][178]
February 24Pres. Macapagal Arroyo places the entire country under state of emergency (Proclamation 1017) in response to coup rumours.[144][178]
May 18Mountaineer Leo Oracion reached the summit of Mount Everest via the Nepalese side.
June 24Pres. Macapagal Arroyo signs Republic Act 9346 abolishing capital punishment in the country.[90]
[verification needed]
July 24 Cityhood of Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte (Republic Act No. 9434) [80]
August 11Vessel M/T Solar I sinks off the coast of Guimaras, resulting to an oil spill, causing widespread environmental damage.[146][178]
September 28Typhoon Xangsane (Milenyo) struck Luzon, killing at least 200 and causing agricultural damages.[178]
[verification needed]
October 2 Provincehood of Dinagat Islands (Republic Act No. 9355), separating from Surigao del Norte. [28][26]
November 25–30Typhoon Durian (Reming) kills at least 720 people, with damages at US$130 million; triggers a massive landslide from the Mayon volcano in Legazpi City on the 30th, causing additional 800–1,000 casualties.[87][27][178][180]
December 4Makati Regional Trial Court convicts American serviceman LCpl. Daniel Smith and acquits three co-accused for their involvement in the 2005 Subic rape case.[90][178]
December 10 Cityhood of Meycauayan, Bulacan [29]
Death of Khadaffy Janjalani, Abu Sayyaf leader. [90]
2007 January 13 12th ASEAN Summit is held in Mandaue City. [87][178]
March Rep. Satur Ocampo is arrested and charged with murder allegedly committed on a purge of suspected spies in the CPPNPA occurred then, later released. [178]
March The Permanent Peoples' Tribunal in The Hague finds the Arroyo administration responsible for unsolved killings and disappearances in the country. [178]
April 15 Manny Pacquiao knocks out Jorge Solis, retaining super featherweight title, in a boxing match at San Antonio, Texas. [87]
April 20 A contract is signed by the Philippine and Chinese governments for a proposed National Broadband Network, which later found to be corrupted. [156][178]
May 142007 Philippine general election[87][178]
July Provincial election officer Lintang Bedol is arrested regarding reports of electoral fraud in Maguindanao, later released. [178]
July 11Fourteen Marine soldiers are found beheaded following an encounter between government forces and Islamic rebels Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and, allegedly, Abu Sayyaf, in Tipo-Tipo, Basilan.[87][90][178]
July 14 Cityhood of Guihulngan, Negros Oriental (Republic Act No. 9409) [80]
August 28Exiled Communist Party of the Philippines founding chairman Jose Maria Sison is arrested at Utrecht, Netherlands.[87][178]
September 12Sandiganbayan and the Office of the Ombudsman convicts former Pres. Estrada for plunder and sentences him to reclusion perpetua, but acquits him and his co-accused on other charges.[87][90][171][172][177]
October 6 Manny Pacquiao defeats Marco Antonio Barrera, retaining super featherweight title, in a boxing match at Las Vegas, Nevada. [87]
October 19An explosion at Glorietta mall in Makati kills 11 and injures at least 100.[87][178]
October 26Former Pres. Joseph Estrada is pardoned and freed from jail after his trial.[87][171][178]
November 13An explosion at the House of Representatives building in Quezon City kills four people.[178]
November 29The Armed Forces lays siege to The Peninsula Manila following a mutiny staged by soldiers.[87][178]
December 6 Fourteen Abu Sayyaf members are convicted by the Pasig Regional Trial Court regarding the 2001 kidnapping incident in Palawan. [28]
MNLF leader Nur Misuari is arrested in Malaysia following rebellion charges filed against him. [90]
2008 February 4–5 The House of Representatives votes to replace House Speaker Jose de Venecia with Prospero Nograles. [87]
February 8Jun Lozada testifies before the Philippine Senate in connection with the National Broadband Network contract deal.[178]
March 6 Several Congress members call for an investigation into a joint oil exploration agreement on 2004 between the Philippines, China, and Vietnam over the disputed Spratly Islands, claiming it unconstitutional. [87]
March 11 Former First Lady Imelda Marcos is acquitted by a Manila trial court of 32 counts of illegal money transfers. [87]
March 17 The United States Supreme Court hears oral arguments on a certiorari petition filed by the government, invoking sovereign immunity regarding the enforcement against former Pres. Marcos' estate. [87]
March 24Former Pres. Corazon Aquino's family announces that she is suffering from colon cancer.[87][178]
April 8 Police seize hundreds of bomb components in Alaminos, Laguna, following a raid targeting a Filipino with alleged links to Jemaah Islamiyah. [87]
Nine military officers receive prison sentences from a Makati trial court in connection to the 2003 Oakwood mutiny. [87][178]
May 16Ten people are killed in a bank robbery of a Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC) branch in Cabuyao, Laguna.[178]
May 27The Manila Electric Company held its tension-filled annual stockholders meeting, which lasted for more than 13 hours, making it the longest stockholders' meeting in Philippine corporate history.
June 20–23 Typhoon Fengshen (Frank) makes landfall in Samar on the 20th; devastates Central Visayas; kills at least 557 people and affects more than 99,600 families in some regions, with damages at ₱4.37 billion (US$101.2 million). [90][180]
June 21Passenger ferry MV Princess of the Stars capsizes and sinks off San Fernando, Romblon in Sibuyan Island during a typhoon, 814 of its total number of passengers and crew are either dead or missing.[90][146][160][161][162]
August 25 Peace talks between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front collapse after the memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain is declared by the Supreme Court unconstitutional. [87][178]
October Euro Generals scandal [178]
October Former Agriculture Undersecy. Jocelyn Bolante is arrested by the Senate after his arrival from the U.S. for his involvement in the Fertilizer fund scam. [178]
November 9Miss Philippines Karla Henry is crowned Miss Earth 2008 during the coronation night held at Angeles City, the first Filipino to win the title.
December 6 Manny Pacquiao defeats Oscar De La Hoya in the so-called The Dream Match. [87]
CARPER (CARP Extension with Reforms) Act is passed, reforming CARP and extending it until 2014. [90][19]
2009 January 15 Three International Committee of the Red Cross volunteers are kidnapped by the rebel group Abu Sayyaf [178]
[verification needed]
March Philippine Archipelagic Baselines Act (Republic Act 9522) is signed into law by Pres. Macapagal Arroyo, ensuring international recognition of the country’s territorial boundaries. [178]
April 23 Court of Appeals acquits LCpl. Daniel Smith in connection with Subic rape case, reversing the 2006 decision, ordering his release. [90]
August 1Death of Corazon Aquino, former Philippine President[87][90][156]
August Typhoon Morakot (Kiko) hits the country. [87][178]
August 31Death of Eraño Manalo, Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
September 26Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy) is the most devastating typhoon to hit the country since Typhoon Patsy (Yoling), affecting Manila, with damages of $1.09 billion and 747 fatalities.[87][156][178]
October Typhoon Parma (Pepeng) hits the country, affecting million people, causing casualties and damages. [178]
October 15 Cityhood of Dasmariñas, Cavite approved (RA 9723); ratified in a plebiscite, Nov. 26. [31]
November 23Maguindanao massacre: Fifty-eight people being part of a convoy, including clan members and 32 journalists, are killed and buried in a mass grave in Ampatuan town by an estimated 100 gunmen belonging to a victims' political rival; single deadliest attack against journalists in world history.[28][87][90][178]
December 4 Pres. Macapagal Arroyo places Maguindanao under a state of martial law in connection with the murder incident; lifts it eight days later. [29][87][90][178]
MNLF leader Nur Misuari is acquitted in connection to the 2001 rebellion. [90]


2010 January 5 Sen. Panfilo Lacson leaves the country before charges against him, in connection to Dacer–Corbito murders, are filed. [87]
May 10The 2010 Philippine general elections, also the first national computerized election in the Philippine history, took place. (Benigno Aquino III is elected president)[90]
[verification needed]
May 17 Renato Corona is appointed as Chief Justice by Pres. Macapagal Arroyo. [90]
June 9President-elect Benigno Aquino III won the Presidential election, being the 15th president of the Philippines.
June 30Inauguration of Benigno Aquino III as the 15th president of the Philippines at the Quirino Grandstand, with oath taking before Assoc. Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales.[87][90][156]
August 18 A bus, which franchise is said to be illegally operated, crashes in Sablan, Benguet, killing 42 passengers. [181]
August 23A hostage-taking incident at the Quirino Grandstand ends in a gunfight that killed a perpetrator and eight hostages.[36][87]
September 26 An explosion rocks the De La Salle University in Manila during the last day of that year's Bar Exams. [87]
October 16–18Typhoon Juan, officially as Typhoon Megi, hits northeastern Luzon at Sierra Madre, creating widespread damage over Luzon.
December 14Supreme Court acquits Hubert Webb and six others convicted in the Vizconde massacre case.[87][156]
December 16Philippine New Banknotes Released
December 20 Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV is released from jail after 7 years in detention. [87]
2011January 24UST Quadricentennial Celebration
July 26 Supreme Court declares creation of a Truth Commission (Executive Order No. 1) unconstitutional. [90]
The heroism of 12-year-old schoolgirl Janela Lelis.
August 11Attorney Koko Pimentel proclaimed as Senator of the Republic of the Philippines.
Former Pres. Macapagal Arroyo and her husband are ordered to be arrested following a hold departure order issued by Department of Justice against them, Oct. 28. [90]
November 11 Puerto Princesa Underground River is named as one of the world's New7Wonders of Nature. [31]
November 18Electoral sabotage charges are filed by Comelec against former Pres. Macapagal Arroyo, arrested on the same day, and the co-accused at the Pasay Regional Trial Court in connection to allegations of electoral fraud.[90]
November 22 Supreme Court orders the distribution of Cojuangco-owned Hacienda Luisita lands in Tarlac to the farmer-beneficiaries. [29][90]
December 12Articles of Impeachment filed against Chief Justice Renato Corona over various allegations is signed by 188 members of the House of Representatives.[90]
DecemberTropical Storm Washi (Sendong) causes flash floods, leaving 1,080 people dead and affecting Cagayan de Oro and Iligan cities.[180]
2012January 5A landslide in a gold mine site in Pantukan, Compostela Valley kills 25 people.[180]
January 16 Impeachment trial of Chief Justice Corona begins at Senate. [90]
February An earthquake with 6.9 magnitude hits Visayas islands causing damages. [182]
April An attempt of the Philippine Navy to detain Chinese fishermen caught on the Scarborough Shoal is blocked by China, escalating a diplomatic standoff over the area. [182]
April 24 Supreme Court votes to distribute Hacienda Luisita lands to its farmers. [28]
May 16 Cityhood of Cabuyao, Laguna approved (Republic Act No. 10163); ratified in a plebiscite in August. [26]
May 29Senators vote, 20–3, to convict Chief Justice Corona guilty in the second article of the impeachment case regarding alleged undisclosed wealth, removing him from office.[90][182]
July 10Death of Dolphy, dubbed as the "Comedy King"[182]
July Typhoons Saola (Gener) and Haikui bring heavy rains, causing widespread flooding in the country and affecting millions of people; death toll rises to 89 as of mid-August. [182]
[verification needed]
August 18Death of Jesse Robredo, Interior Secretary, one among the 4 killed in a plane crash off Masbate Island.[135][182]
September Cybercrime Prevention Act (Republic Act 10175) is signed into law by Pres. Aquino. [182]
October 15The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro is signed by the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), aiming to end war in the southern Philippines and also for the creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro, replacing the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[29][182]
October 21Canonization of Pedro Calungsod as second Filipino saint[182]
[verification needed]
December 3Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) makes landfall on Mindanao, affecting Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental, with more than 600 fatalities and damages estimated at more than US$1 billion.[180][182]
December 21Reproductive Health Bill (Republic Act 10354) is signed into law by Pres. Aquino.[182]
2013 May 13 2013 Philippine general election
May 15The Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, commonly known as K–12 program was signed.
July 27The United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR) declares its independence from the Philippines
August 16 Passenger ship MV St. Thomas Aquinas and cargo ship Sulpicio Express Siete collide in Cebu Strait, killing 115. [146][160][161]
September MNLF commander Ustadz Habier Malik launches an attack on Zamboanga City, leaving more than 200 people dead. [90]
September 28The UFSBR ceases to exists as it is defeated in the Zamboanga City crisis.
Miss Philippines Megan Young was crowned Miss World 2013.
October 15A magnitude 7.2 earthquake, whose released energy is found equivalent to 32 Hiroshima bombs, strikes Bohol province, affecting Central Visayas, with 222 people died; the country’s deadliest earthquake since 1990.[31][180]
October 19 A multiple-vehicle collision in Atimonan, Quezon kills at least 20. [183]
October 28Davao Occidental was founded, separating from Davao del Sur; country's 81st province.[citation needed]
November 8Super Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) landfalls in Visayas and devastates the country, whose winds caused storm surges that severely flooded Eastern and Central Visayan coasts, with Samar (Guiuan town) and Leyte (Tacloban City) among the most affected; death toll of at least 6,300; majority of about 11 million people reportedly affected are left homeless; one of the strongest tropical cyclones to hit the country, and the deadliest typhoon on record.[87][90]
December 16 A bus falls off an elevated Skyway in Parañaque, killing at least 18 passengers on board. [183]
2014 February 7 A bus falls off a ravine in Bontoc, Mountain Province, killing at least 14 passengers on board. [181][183]
March 27The Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed.
March 30 Philippine government files a memorandum in the United Nations arbitration court regarding the shoals and reefs in the South China Sea. [17]
May 23The Philippines and Indonesia signed a maritime treaty that draws the boundary of the two countries' overlapping Exclusive Economic Zone in Mindanao and Celebes seas.
July A plunder complaint is filed against Vice Pres. Jejomar Binay, his son and city mayor, and other respondents before the Office of the Ombudsman, regarding allegedly overpriced Makati City Hall II parking building. [90]
July 21 Philippine Arena is inaugurated in Bocaue, Bulacan, the "largest mixed-use indoor theater." [80]
July 27The Centennial Celebration of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
Philippines marks a milestone in its population growth identifying the birth of a baby girl in a Manila hospital as the 100 millionth Filipino.
September 10President Aquino III lead the handover of the draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law to the Senate and House leaders in a historical turnover ceremony at the Malacañang.
November 20Ozone Disco Club fire Case Finished. Result 7 officials of Quezon City convicted.
November 24 Nine Chinese fishermen are convicted of poaching and illegal possession of endangered species from the South China Sea. [28]
December 6Typhoon Ruby, officially as Typhoon Hagupit hits Western Visayas, and Eastern Visayas, creating widespread damage over Visayas.
December 8 Vigan City, Ilocos Sur is chosen as one of the world's New7Wonders Cities. [29]
December 29BSP announces demonetizing the old Philippine Banknotes (issued in 1985).
Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) signed, maintaining rotational American military presence in the country. [90]
2015January 15–19Papal visit of Pope Francis in the Philippines, with a special Mass held at the Tacloban airport on the 17th.[87][90][184]
January 25Mamasapano clash: An encounter between police commandos and the MILF occurs in a police operation in Mamasapano, Maguindanao aiming to capture international terrorist Marwan; leading to, in total, 74 deaths including 44 PNPSAF officers[90][184]
February 25The AFP declared its all-out offensive campaign against the MILF break away group, the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
April 14Death of Ameril Umbra Kato, the founding leader of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
April 29Execution of convicted OFW Mary Jane Veloso, sentenced to death in 2010 in Indonesia for alleged drug smuggling, is suspended by the Indonesian government.[90][184]
May 3


Manny Pacquiao is defeated by Floyd Mayweather Jr. in the so-called Battle For Greatness in MGM Grand Garden Arena, Las Vegas, Nevada.[184]
May 3 Abdul Basit Usman, the most wanted bomb expert in the country, was killed by a MILF group unit in Guindulungan, Maguindanao.
May 13A fire at the Kentex slipper factory in Valenzuela City results in 72 fatalities.[90]
[verification needed]
May 29Pres. Aquino signs Executive Order 183, creating the Negros Island Region.[19]
June 28Death of Kumander Parago, the top commander of the New People’s Army.
July 23The Iglesia ni Cristo has expelled Tenny and Angel Manalo.
July 27President Benigno Aquino III takes his final State of the Nation Address.
August 27–31Thousands of Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) members stage protests at the Department of Justice (DOJ) office on Padre Faura St., and then on EDSA, regarding an attempt to investigate allegations within the church.[90]
[verification needed]
September 1 Three members of lumad people are killed by a paramilitary force, allegedly from the same indigenous group, in a village in Lianga, Surigao del Sur, during the military campaign against Communist rebels in Mindanao. [90]
October 18Typhoon Koppu (Lando) hits northern and central Luzon, creating widespread damage and floods over Luzon.[90]
[verification needed]
November 18–19APEC Philippines 2015 is held, concludes with the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting.[87][90][184]
December 1 LCpl. Joseph Scott Pemberton is convicted by the court for the death of a transgender in 2014. [184]
December 14–19Typhoon Nona devastates parts of the Philippines, killing 41 and cost ₱2 billion in damages.
December 21


Pia Alonzo Wurtzbach is crowned Miss Universe 2015 in Las Vegas, Nevada; the country's first title after 42 years.[87][90][184]
2016 January Supreme Court declares the EDCA as constitutional. [90]
January 24–31The 51st International Eucharistic Congress is held in Cebu City.[85]
February 10The National Mapping and Resource Information Authority announces that it has documented more than 400 additional islands.
February 29Re-interment of the remains of the late former President Elpidio Quirino was held in Libingan ng mga Bayani on his 60th death anniversary.
March Supreme Court votes, 9–6, in favor of then presidential candidate Grace Poe regarding her Filipino citizenship, qualifying her to run in elections. [90]
March 23Diwata-1 was launched to the International Space Station aboard the Cygnus spacecraft on a supply mission.
April 1Three farmers are killed and several are injured in a violent dispersal by the police of the groups of farmers and indigenous people conducting a 3-day rally in Kidapawan City.[90]
April 9Twenty-three soldiers and Abu Sayyaf bandits, including a Moroccan jihadist, are killed in a gunfight between government troops and a terrorist group in Tipo-Tipo, Basilan.[90]
April 29 Death of Renato Corona, former Chief Justice [90]
May 92016 Philippine general election (Rodrigo Duterte is elected as the first President from Mindanao)[87][90]
May 22Arianwen Rollan was awarded for her Malunggay Anti-Cancer research.
Jaclyn Jose wins the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival.
May 28Philippines beats Thailand in the 2016 SEABA Stankovic Cup.
May 30Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo were proclaimed as the new President and Vice President of the Philippines.
June 30Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo take over their posts as the 16th president of the Philippines and 14th Vice President of the Philippines.[90]
July 6The Philippines men's national basketball team ends their bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil after they were defeated by New Zealand in the 2016 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament.
July 12The Permanent Court of Arbitration rules in favor of the Philippines against China over territorial disputes in the South China Sea.[27]
July 14Former Vice President Jejomar Binay was filed by the Office of the Ombudsman with graft, falsification and violation of the government procurement law charges in connection with the Makati City Hall Building II project.
July 19The Supreme Court acquits former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo of her plunder case regarding the alleged misuse of funds for the PCSO in an 11–4 ruling.
July 23President Duterte signs an executive order for the implementation of the Freedom of Information (FOI).
July 25First State of the Nation Address of Rodrigo Duterte.
August 1Launch of the 911 emergency number and 8888 civil service complaint hotline
August 7At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Hidilyn Diaz wins a silver medal at the Women's 53 kg event for weightlifting. It is the Philippines' tenth Olympic medal overall and the country's first since the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, 20 years prior.
September 2An explosion rocks a night market in Davao City, where at least 15 people were killed and 70 were reported to have been injured.
September 4President Rodrigo Duterte issued Proclamation No. 55 declaring a state of emergency in the Philippines on account of lawless violence following the Davao City bombing.
September 10Lav Diaz’s Ang Babaeng Humayo wins the Golden Lion, in the 73rd Venice International Film Festival.
September 11Janelle Frayna became the Philippines’ first female chess grandmaster after achieving her third and final norm during Round 9 of the World Chess Olympiad in Baku, Azerbaijan.
September 12At the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, Josephine Medina wins a bronze medal at the women's individual – Class 8 tournament for table tennis. It is the Philippines' second Paralympic medal overall after Adeline Dumapong won a bronze for powerlifting at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, 16 years prior.
October 19Typhoon Haima (Lawin). Typhoon signal number 5 raised for the first time.
October 27Miss Philippines Kylie Verzosa crowned Miss International 2016.
November 5Philippine Drug War: Death of Rolando Espinosa
November 18The controversial burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani
November 29 Inauguration of Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Center in Nueva Ecija. [28]
December 2827 were injured after an improvised explosive device (IED) explodes during a boxing fight in a festival in Hilongos, Leyte.
2017January 4About a hundred armed men, whose affiliation is undetermined, launched an attack on a prison in Kidapawan freeing at least 158 inmates.
January 5Death of Mohammad Jaafar Maguid, the leader of Ansar Al-Khilafah Philippines.
January 11Pres. Duterte signed an executive order mandating universal access to modern family planning tools.
January 17Several parts of Visayas and Mindanao experienced flooding as a result of a low pressure area, combined with the tail-end of a cold front.
January 30Miss Universe 2016, its 65th pageant, was held in Manila.
February 10A 6.7 magnitude earthquake hits Surigao del Norte, killing at least 8 people.
February 20A tourist bus carrying mostly college students crashes into a roadside electricity pole along a highway in Tanay, Rizal, killing at least 15 on board.[181][183]
February 24Arrest of Leila de Lima for violations of Republic Act 9165, (Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002) related to her alleged involvement in the New Bilibid Prison drug trafficking scandal.
February 28Philippines' signing of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
April 1110 were killed after a series of clashes between the AFP, PNP and Abu Sayyaf that took place in Inabanga, Bohol.
April 18A bus falls off a ravine in Carranglan, Nueva Ecija, killing at least 35 on board.[181][183]
May 16Pres. Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 25, that renamed Benham Rise to Philippine Rise.
Pres. Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 26, that ordered a nationwide smoking ban.
May 23Pres. Duterte declares a 60-day martial law in Mindanao (via Proclamation No. 216) following clashes between government forces and the Maute group in Marawi City.[31][185][186]
June 2A gunman attacked Resorts World Manila in Pasay around midnight, caused a major panic within the complex. Around 38 people were dead, due to smoke inhalation from the fire while injuring 70 people.
July 22 Congress votes to extend martial law in Mindanao until the end of 2017 as siege in Marawi City continues. [185]
July 30Sixteen people, including Mayor Reynaldo Parojinog Sr. and his wife, are killed in a police drug raid in Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental.
October 16 Abu Sayyaf leader Isnilon Hapilon and Maute group leader Omar Maute are killed by government troops in an assault. [31][185]
October 17 Pres. Duterte declares the liberation of Marawi City, with more than a thousand reportedly killed in the battle. [31][185]


2020March 16Island of Luzon placed under Enhanced Community Quarantine in response to the growing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the country.
  1. This technique produced the Doctrina Christiana en Lengua Española y Tagala and the Doctrina Christiana en Lengua y Letra China, the first books in the Philippines
  2. The nucleus of ₱1,500 for the foundation of a seminary-college was increased to ₱7,140 by donations made by Pablo Rodríguez, Andrés Hermosa, and Juan Morales
  3. Ever since its foundation in 1611, the University's constitution was based on that of the Real y Pontificia Universidad de Nueva España

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    "Ninoy Aquino Day" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
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    "The day Marcos declared Martial Law" Archived April 11, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
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