Timeline of cancer treatment development


This is a historical timeline of the development and progress of cancer treatments, which includes time of discovery, progress, and approval of the treatments.

Ancient Era


Cancer was traditionally treated with surgery, heat, or herbal (chemical) therapies.

  • 2600 BC   Egyptian physician Imhotep recommended producing a localised infection to promote regression of tumours. According to the Ebers medical papyrus, this was done by placing a poultice near the tumour, followed by local incision.[1]
  • BC   Ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians used heat to treat masses. Healers in ancient India used regional and whole-body hyperthermia as treatments.[2]
  • 2 AD   Ancient Greeks describe surgical treatment of cancer.[3][4]

Modern Era


1800s

  • 1820s   British Dr. James Arnott, "the father of modern cryosurgery", starts to use cryotherapy to freeze tumours in the treatment of breast and uterine cancers[5]
  • 1880s   American Dr. William Stewart Halsted develops radical mastectomy for breast cancer[4]
  • 1890s   German Dr. Westermark used localized hyperthermia to produce tumour regression in patients
  • 1891   American Dr. William B. Coley, "the father of immunotherapy", starts to treat cancer patients by injecting them with streptococci, containing immunostimulatory CpG motifs[6][7]
  • 1896   French Dr. Victor Despeignes, "the father of radiation therapy", starts to use X-rays to treat cancer[8]
  • 1896   American Dr. Emil Grubbe starts to treat breast cancer patients with X-rays[4]
  • 1896 Sir George Thomas Beatson invented hormonal treatment of breast cancer by bilateral ovary removal in women with inoperable breast cancer.

1900s

2000s

See also


References


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