Timeline of Norse colonization of the Americas
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- 16,000 years before present: In the 20th century it was generally believed that humans had crossed a land bridge from Eurasia perhaps 12,000 years ago — the 'Clovis First / Single origin hypothesis' — but modern scientific belief is that settlers arrived by boat at least 14,000-16,000 years before present.
- c. 1000: Erik the Red and Leif Ericson, Viking navigators, discovered and settled Greenland, Helluland (possibly Baffin Island), Markland (now called Labrador), and Vinland (now called Newfoundland). The Greenland colony lasted until the 15th century.
- c. 1350: The Norse Western Settlement in Greenland was abandoned.
- 1354: King Magnus of Sweden and Norway authorised Paul Knutson to lead an expedition to Greenland which may never have taken place.
- c.1450–1480s: The Norse Eastern Settlement in Greenland was abandoned during the opening stages of the Little Ice Age.
- Seaver 1996, pp. 205, 229: 205: a reference to sailors in Bergen in 1484 who had visited Greenland (Seaver speculates that they may have been English); 229: archaeological evidence of contact with Europe towards the end of the 15th century.
- Seaver, Kirsten A. (1996). The Frozen Echo: Greenland and the Exploration of North America, Ca. A.D. 1000-1500. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3161-4.