Timeline of the Algerian Civil War


The Algerian Civil War was an armed conflict in Algeria between the Algerian Government and multiple Islamist rebel groups, sparked by a military overthrow of the newly elected Islamist government. The war lasted from December 1991 until February 2002, though in the south of the country an Islamist insurgency remains ongoing.

1991


1992


1993


  • March 27 - Algeria cuts diplomatic relations with Sudan and Iran, accusing them of supporting terrorism in Algeria.
  • May 26 - Anti-Islamist writer Tahar Djaout attacked by assassins; he died of his wounds shortly after, on June 2.
  • August 22 - Ex-Prime Minister Kasdi Merbah assassinated. The government accuses the Armed Islamic Group (GIA), while FIS accuses the government.
  • December 1 - Deadline beyond which the GIA had stated that it would consider all foreigners remaining in Algeria as targets.

1994


1995


  • January 14 - Representatives of FIS, FFS, and FLN (and some smaller parties) sign the Sant'Egidio platform (text) in Rome, seeing it as a blueprint for ending the conflict. The Algerian government found its provisions unacceptable, and did not sign.
  • February 21 - Serkadji prison mutiny; 4 guards and 96 prisoners killed in a day and a half, following an escape attempt and prison mutiny in a high-security prison for people charged with or convicted of terrorism.
  • November 16 - Liamine Zeroual elected president.

1996


1997


1998


1999


  • April 15 - Abdelaziz Bouteflika elected president, all other candidates having withdrawn alleging fraud.
  • June 5 - The Islamic Salvation Army (AIS), the FIS's armed wing, agrees in principle to disband and starts negotiating for an amnesty for its fighters.
  • November 22 - Senior FIS member Abdelkader Hachani assassinated.

2000


  • January 11 - AIS concludes its negotiations with the government for an amnesty and disbands.

2001


2002


  • February 8 - Antar Zouabri, GIA leader, is killed in his hometown of Boufarik. (His death had been incorrectly announced on previous occasions.)

2003


2004


  • June 20 - Government announces killing of GSPC head Nabil Sahraoui. He is succeeded by Abou Mossaab Abdelouadoud.
  • July - GIA leader Rachid Abou Tourab killed, according to an interior ministry statement in January 2005.