Timeline of the open-access movement

The following is a timeline of the international movement for open access to scholarly communication.


  • 1942
    • American sociologist Robert King Merton declares: "Each researcher must contribute to the 'common pot' and give up intellectual property rights to allow knowledge to move forward."[1]
  • 1971
  • 1987
    • Syracuse University in the US issues one of the world's first open access journals, New Horizons in Adult Education (ISSN 1062-3183).[3]
  • 1991
  • 1994
  • 1998
  • 1999



See also


  1. Open Access Working Group (30 April 2015). "Open Access to Research Data: Timeline". Access.okfn.org. UK: Open Knowledge Foundation.
  2. "A Brief Timeline of Open Access". UK: Symplectic, Digital Science & Research Solutions Ltd. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  3. Nancy Pontika (ed.). "Early OA journals". Open Access Directory. US: Simmons School of Library and Information Science. OCLC 757073363. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  4. "OAI Meeting History". Openarchives.org. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  5. Jean-Claude Guédon (2017), Open Access: Toward the Internet of the Mind via Budapestopenaccessinitiative.org
  6. "History", pkp.sfu.ca, Canada: Public Knowledge Project, retrieved 18 June 2018
  7. "Timeline of the open access movement: 2003". Open Access Directory. US: Simmons College. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  8. Bo-Christer Björk (2017), "Growth of hybrid open access, 2009–2016", PeerJ, 5: e3878, doi:10.7717/peerj.3878, PMC 5624290, PMID 28975059
  9. "Policy: Open Science (Open Access): Chronology". European Commission. Archived from the original on 26 October 2015.
  10. "Project Factsheets: OpenAIRE Project". Openaire.eu. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  11. Eloy Rodrigues (2009), DRIVER and COAR: from infrastructure to confederation (PDF) via Stellenbosch University, DSpace User Group Meeting, Sweden
  12. Birgit Schmidt; Iryna Kuchma (2012). Implementing Open Access Mandates in Europe: OpenAIRE Study on the Development of Open Access Repository Communities in Europe. Universitätsverlag Göttingen. ISBN 978-3-86395-095-8 via Open Access Publishing in European Networks (OAPEN).
  13. "Web widget nudges scientists to share their data: Open Data Button launched to encourage public sharing of data sets", Nature, 532 (7597), 10 March 2016, doi:10.1038/nature.2016.19542
  14. Singh Chawla, Dalmeet (14 November 2017), "Need a paper? Get a plug-in", Nature.com, 551 (7680), pp. 399–400, Bibcode:2017Natur.551..399., doi:10.1038/d41586-017-05922-9, A collection of web-browser plug-ins is making the scholarly literature more discoverable
  15. "Tag 'oa.kopernio'". Open Access Tracking Project. Harvard University. OCLC 1040261573. Retrieved 14 June 2018.

Further reading