Timeline of women hazzans


This is a timeline of women hazzans (also called cantors) worldwide.

  • 1884: Julie Rosewald, called “Cantor Soprano” by her congregation, became America’s first female cantor, serving San Francisco’s Temple Emanu-El from 1884 until 1893, although she was not ordained.[1][2] She was born in Germany.[3]
  • 1955: Betty Robbins, born in Greece, became the first female cantor to serve in the twentieth century in America (although she was not ordained) when she was hired at Temple Avodah in Oceanside, New York.[4]
  • Mid-1950s: Esther Ghan Firestone became the first female cantor in Canada, although she was not ordained.[5][6]
  • 1975: Barbara Ostfeld became the first female cantor to be ordained in Reform Judaism in 1975.[7]
  • 1978: Mindy Jacobsen became the first blind woman to be ordained as a cantor.[8][9][10]
  • 1978: Linda Rich became the first female cantor to sing in a Conservative synagogue (specifically Temple Beth Zion in Los Angeles) in 1978, although she was not ordained until 1996 when she finally received her ordination of "Hazzan Minister" from the "Jewish Theological Seminary" in New York.[11][12]
  • 1987: Erica Lippitz and Marla Rosenfeld Barugel became the first female cantors in Conservative Judaism.[7]
  • 1982: Women Cantors Network, an international outreach support group for female cantors, which works for the nationwide recognition and employment of qualified female cantors, was founded in 1982 by cantor Deborah Katchko-Zimmerman, who was the granddaughter of a prominent cantor (Adolph Katchko), and who was trained privately by her father, also a cantor.[13][14][15]
  • 1990: The Cantors Assembly, an international professional organization of cantors associated with Conservative Judaism, began allowing women to join.[16]
  • 1993: Leslie Friedlander became the first female cantor ordained by the Academy for Jewish Religion (New York).[17][18]
  • 1998: Rebecca Garfein, born in Tallahassee, Florida, became the first female cantor to preside in a German synagogue.[19]
  • 1999: Angela Warnick Buchdahl, born in South Korea, became the first Asian-American person to be ordained as a cantor.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26]
  • 2001: Deborah Davis became the first cantor of either sex (and therefore, since she was female, the first female cantor) in Humanistic Judaism; however, Humanistic Judaism has since stopped graduating cantors.[27]
  • 2002: Sharon Hordes became the first cantor of either sex (and therefore, since she was female, the first female cantor) in Reconstructionist Judaism.[28]
  • 2002: Avitall Gerstetter became the first female cantor in Jewish Renewal and the first female cantor in Germany.[29][30][31][32]
  • 2006: Susan Wehle became the first American female cantor in Jewish Renewal in 2006;[33] however she died in 2009.[34]
  • 2007: Jalda Rebling, born in Amsterdam, became the first openly lesbian cantor ordained by Jewish Renewal.[35]
  • 2009: Tannoz Bahremand Foruzanfar, who was born in Iran, became the first Persian woman to be ordained as a cantor in America.[36]
  • 2013: Nancy Abramson became the first female president of the Cantors Assembly, an international professional organization of cantors associated with Conservative Judaism.[37][38]

References


  1. "Julie Rosewald: America's first woman cantor". Retrieved 6 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "The Forgotten Woman Cantor: Julie Rosewald Now Getting Her Due - The Jewish Week". The Jewish Week. Retrieved 6 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. http://americanjewisharchives.org/publications/journal/PDF/2010_62_02_00_pinnolis.pdf
  4. "Betty Robbins | Jewish Women's Archive". Jwa.org. Retrieved 2015-06-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Lisa Fitterman. "Esther Ghan Firestone: Canada's first female cantor delighted audiences with her voice". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2015-06-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "PressDisplay.com". PressDisplay.com. Retrieved 2015-06-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "Cantors: American Jewish Women | Jewish Women's Archive". Jwa.org. Retrieved 2012-07-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. "Overcoming the Odds: Cantor Mindy F. Jacobsen | American Conference of Cantors". American Conference of Cantors. Archived from the original on 2012-04-22. Retrieved 2011-11-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. Romeo Edmead (April 5, 2010). "When do you Reveal?". Matildaziegler.com;Matilda Ziegler Magazine for the Blind. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved 2011-11-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. "Brooklyn Ny - Accessible-Technology Pioneer Spearheads Efforts Helping Blind Students". Nycblink.com. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2011-11-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. "Conservative Female Cantor Fits In". Los Angeles Daily News;http://www.dailynews.com. 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2012-07-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. "Seminary Decision Opens Door for Women Cantors". Los Angeles Times;http://articles.latimes.com. February 14, 1987. Retrieved 2012-07-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. Heskes, Irene (1 March 2009). "Cantors: American Jewish Women". Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 7 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. Schackman, Maxine (31 May 2011). "Carrying on a family tradition". Judaica Sound Archives at FAU Libraries. Retrieved 7 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. "The Women Cantors' Network". Retrieved 7 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. Goldman, Ari L. (September 19, 1990). "A Bar to Women as Cantors Is Lifted". The New York Times.
  17. "Hazzans Hit The High Notes:The Rise In Women Cantors" (PDF). pageturnpro.com, Chutzpah magazine, Summer 2012, pg. 57. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. "Pre-Ordination Benefit Concert at Merkin Hall on May 11". http://ajrsem.org. April 7, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2013. External link in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. "Cantor Rebecca Garfein". http://rodephsholom.org. Between 2009 and 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013. Check date values in: |date= (help); External link in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ""Troublemaker" Women Honored, Receive Ivy | auburn". Auburnseminary.org. 2009-08-22. Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2012-02-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. "This Week in History - Angela Warnick Buchdahl invested as first Asian-American cantor | Jewish Women's Archive". Jwa.org. 1999-05-16. Retrieved 2012-02-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. "Women's History Month: Unique Rabbi-Cantor Follows Her Own Melody". ny1.com. March 15, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. "Finding Your Roots with Henry Louis Gates Jr.; Angela Warnick Buchdahl". https://www.pbs.org. Retrieved August 11, 2013. External link in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. "Cantor Angela Warnick Buchdahl - the face of the modern Jew". Jewishtimesasia.org. September 2008. Retrieved 2012-02-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. "Our Clergy: Angela Warnick Buchdahl, Senior Cantor", Central Synagogue Web site
  26. "The Sisterhood 50 –". Forward.com. published July 21, 2010, issue of July 30, 2010. Retrieved 2012-02-09. Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  27. "Contributions of Jewish Women to Music and Women to Jewish Music". JMWC. Between 2000 and 2004. Archived from the original on 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2012-07-09. Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  28. "Cantor Sharon Hordes". Kenesethisrael.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2012-07-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  29. "Programmes | Crossing Continents | Europe | Jewish Berlin rises again - with Russian help". BBC News. 2000-11-15. Retrieved 2012-04-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  30. "Google Translate;Music is transcendental". Translate.googleusercontent.com;TAZ. 2005-06-06. Retrieved 2012-04-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  31. "alephalumni". Alephalumni.homestead.com. Retrieved 2012-04-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  32. "Avitall Gerstetter - Jewish Community of Berlin". Jg-berlin.org. Retrieved 2012-04-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  33. "Cantorial/Hazzanut/Liturgical - CD Cantor Susan Wehle OB"M Songs of Healing & Hope | J. Levine Books & Judaica |". Levinejudaica.com. 2005-07-26. Retrieved 2012-07-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  34. Haughney, Christine (February 15, 2009). "'It's Not Even Six Degrees of Separation. It's One.'". The New York Times.
  35. Axelrod, Toby (1999-11-30). "New Renewal cantor looks ahead | JTA - Jewish & Israel News". JTA. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2012-04-14. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  36. "Cantor Tannoz Bahremand Forunzanfar; Academy for Jewish Religion, California". Ajrca.org. Archived from the original on March 20, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  37. "Message From Our President; Remarks by hazzan Nancy Abramson on her Installation as President of the Cantors Assembly May 22, 2013". cantors.org. Archived from the original on July 11, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  38. "Cantor Nancy Abramson". jtsa.edu. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)