Timeline of women in library science
This is a timeline of women in library science throughout the world.
1796: Cecilia Cleve became the first female librarian in Sweden.
1852: The first female clerk was hired for the Boston Public Library.
1923: Virginia Proctor Powell Florence became the first black woman in the United States to earn a degree in library science. She earned the degree (Bachelor of Library Science) from what is now part of the University of Pittsburgh.
1947: Freda Farrell Waldon became the first president of the Canadian Library Association, and thus, as she was female, its first female president.
1972: Zoia Horn, born in Ukraine, became the first United States librarian to be jailed for refusing to share information as a matter of conscience (and, as she was female, the first female United States librarian to do so.)
1973: Page Ackerman became University Librarian for the University of California, Los Angeles, and thus became the United States's first female librarian of a system as large and complex as UCLA's.
1985: Susan Luévano-Molina became the first female president of REFORMA.
1993: Jennifer Tanfield became the first female Librarian of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
2002: Inez Lynn was appointed as the first female librarian in the London Library's history.
2004: Anjana Chattopadhyay became the first Director of the National Medical Library in India.
2016: Laurence Engel became the first female head of the French National Library.
2019: Leslie Weir became the first female Librarian and Archivist of Canada.
- Du Rietz, Anita, Kvinnors entreprenörskap: under 400 år, 1. uppl., Dialogos, Stockholm, 2013
- Garrison, Dee (1972–1973). "The Tender Technicians: The Feminization of Public Librarianship, 1876-1905". Journal of Social History. 6 (2): 131–159. doi:10.1353/jsh/6.2.131. JSTOR 3786606.
- Thomison, Dennis (1993). "Elmendorf, Theresa West". In Robert Wedgeworth (ed.). World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3rd ed.). Chicago: ALA Editions. ISBN 0-8389-0609-5., p. 280, The death of her husband had forced Theresa Elmendorf to end her unpaid status, and for the next 20 years she held the position of vice-librarian at the Buffalo Public Library. Her new role also meant an increased participation in the American Library Association; in 1911–12 she served as its President, the first woman to hold that position.
- "Famous Canadian Women's Famous Firsts - Academics and Librarians". Famouscanadianwomen.com. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Rivas, Librarian Vianela (2016). "How NYC's First Puerto Rican Librarian Brought Spanish To The Shelves". NPR.org. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
- 175 Years of Black Pitt People and Notable Milestones. (2004). Blue Black and Gold 2004: Chancellor Mark A. Norenberg Reports on the Pitt African American Experience, 44. Retrieved on 2009-05-22.
- "Claiming Their Citizenship: African American Women From 1624–2009". Nwhm.org. Archived from the original on 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- Celeste Kimbrough (2004-03-18). "University of Pittsburgh to Honor First African American Librarian In Plaque Dedication Ceremony April 2 | University of Pittsburgh News". News.pitt.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "05-3180-Oberlin-Issue No.32" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Smith, Katisha (2020-05-08). "13 Pioneering Black American Librarians You Oughta Know". BOOK RIOT. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
- "Waldon, Freda Farrell | HPL". Hpl.ca. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "CLA AT WORK". cla.ca. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Information, Sheryl James | University of Michigan School of. "Trailblazing librarian, U-M alumna Clara Stanton Jones elected to Michigan Women's Hall of Fame | Diversity, Equity & Inclusion | University of Michigan".
- "The Feminist Task Force".
- Egelko, Bob (2014-07-15). "Zoia Horn, librarian jailed for not testifying against protesters". SFGate. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
- Setzer, Dawn (2006-03-09). "Obituary: Page Ackerman, Former UCLA University Librarian". UCLA News. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
- "American Library Association Institutional Repository, News Release: American Library Association, Public Information Office, American Library Association, 50 East Huron Street, Chicago, Illinois 60611, 12 944-6780, From: Peggy Barber, Director, Public Infonnation Office, FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE, Resolution on. Racism and Sexism Awareness" (PDF).
- "American Library Association, Committee on the Status of Women in Librarianship".
- Kathleen de la Peña McCook and Katharine Phenix, On Account of Sex: An Annotated Bibliography on the History of Women in Librarianship, 1977–1981 (Chicago: ALA, 1984) Katharine Phenix and Kathleen de la Peña McCook (1982–1986) (Chicago: ALA, 1989); later years by Lori A Goetsch; Sarah Watstein (1987–1992) (Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1993) Betsy Kruger; Catherine A Larson; Allison A Cowgill (1993–1997) Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 2000).
- REFORMA (Association). National Conference (2001). The Power of Language: Selected Papers from the Second REFORMA National Conference. Libraries Unlimited. pp. 44, 45–. ISBN 978-1-56308-945-9.
- Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 21 Jul 1999 (pt 21)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-12.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "History". Deutsche National Bibliothek. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- "Woman to head British Library". The Guardian. 9 February 2000. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- yesterday. "History of The London Library". Londonlibrary.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Healy, Alison (2009). "Cambridge library's first female librarian". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
- "Meet Canada’s first female Parliamentary librarian: Sonia L’Heureux". The Hill Times, July 9, 2012.
- "Laurence Engel nommée à la tête de la BnF". Le Figaro (in French). 6 April 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- "Carla Hayden is officially sworn in as the first woman and African-American librarian of Congress". Vox. 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- "Leslie Weir appointed as Librarian and Archivist of Canada". Librarianship.ca. 2019. Retrieved 2021-02-18.