Timeline of women in science in the United States


This is a timeline of women in science in the United States.

19th Century


20th Century


1940s

1950s

  • 1950: Isabella Abbott became the first Native Hawaiian woman to receive a PhD in any science; hers was in botany.[24][25]
  • 1950: Esther Lederberg was the first to isolate lambda bacteriophage, a DNA virus, from Escherichia coli K-12.[26]
  • 1952: Grace Hopper completed what is considered to be the first compiler, a program that allows a computer user to use English-like words instead of numbers. It was known as the A-0 compiler.[27]
  • 1956: The Wu experiment was a nuclear physics experiment conducted in 1956 by the physicist Chien-Shiung Wu, born in China but having become an American citizen in 1954, in collaboration with the Low Temperature Group of the US National Bureau of Standards.[28][29][30][31] That experiment showed that parity could be violated in weak interaction.[32]

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

21st Century


2000s

2010s

2020s

  • 2020: Kathryn D. Sullivan, the first American woman to walk in space, descended 35,810 feet to the Challenger Deep, making her the first person to both walk in space and to reach the deepest known point in the ocean.[75]

References


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