Timotheus of Gaza

Timotheus of Gaza (Greek: Τιμόθεος ὁ Γαζαῖος), sometimes referred to as Timothy of Gaza, was a Greek grammarian active during the reign of Anastasius, i.e. 491-518. He is the author of a book on animals[1] which may have been one of the sources of the Arabic Nu'ut al-Hayawan.[2] He also wrote a work in four volumes titled Indian Animals or Quadrupeds and Their Innately Wonderful Qualities or Stories about Animals that survives only in an 11th-century prose summary. This prose summary was a very popular school text, and includes accounts of the giraffe, tiger, and other animals.[3]


  1. Gaza, Timothy of (1949). F.S. Bodenheimer, A. Rabinowitz (ed.). On Animals... Paris/Leiden.
  2. Kopf, L. (1956). "The Zoological Chapter of the Kitab al-Imta' wal-Mu'anasa of Abu Hayyan al-Tauhidi (10th Century)". Osiris. 12: 390–466.
  3. Scarborough, John (2005). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. ISBN 9780195187922.