Togoland campaign

The Togoland Campaign (6–26 August 1914) was a French and British invasion of the German colony of Togoland in West Africa, which began the West African Campaign of the First World War. German colonial forces withdrew from the capital Lomé and the coastal province to fight delaying actions on the route north to Kamina, where the Kamina Funkstation (wireless transmitter) linked the government in Berlin to Togoland, the Atlantic and South America.

Togoland Campaign
Part of the African theatre of World War I

Togoland in 1914
Date6–26 August 1914
Location06°07′55″N 01°13′22″E
Result Allied victory
Territorial
changes
Western Togoland annexed by Britain
Eastern Togoland annexed by France
Belligerents

 United Kingdom

 French Republic

German Empire

Commanders and leaders
Charles Dobell (in absentia)
Frederick Bryant
Major Maroix
Hans Georg von Doering [de] (POW)
Georg Pfähler 
Units involved
West African Frontier Force
Tirailleurs Senegalais
Paramilitary and police forces
Strength
British: 600
France: 500
693–1,500 (including reservists)
Casualties and losses
British: 83
French: c. 54
41
Lomé
Map of independent Togo

The main British and French force from the neighbouring colonies of Gold Coast and Dahomey advanced from the coast up the road and railway, as smaller forces converged on Kamina from the north. The German defenders were able to delay the invaders for several days at the Affair of Agbeluvoe (affair, an action or engagement not of sufficient magnitude to be called a battle) and the Affair of Khra but surrendered the colony on 26 August 1914. In 1916, Togoland was partitioned by the victors and in July 1922, British Togoland and French Togoland were established as League of Nations mandates.