Toulon

Toulon (UK: /ˈtlɒ̃/, US: /tˈln, -ˈlɔːn, -ˈlɒn/,[2][3][4][5] French: [tulɔ̃]; Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm), pronounced [tuˈlun]) is a city on the French Riviera and a large port on the Mediterranean coast, with a major naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, and the Provence province, Toulon is the capital of the Var department.

Toulon
Tolon  (Occitan)
Top left: Toulon Opera House, Top right: Mayol Stadium (Le Stade du Mayol), 2nd: Panoramic view of downtown Toulon and its port, 3rd left: Place de la Liberté, 3rd right: The beaches of Mourillon, Bottom left: The cable car to Mount Faron, Bottom right: Fort Saint-Louis
Location of Toulon
Toulon
Toulon
Coordinates: 43°07′33″N 05°55′50″E
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentVar
ArrondissementToulon
CantonToulon-1, 2, 3 and 4
IntercommunalityMétropole Toulon Provence Méditerranée
Government
  Mayor (2020–2026) Hubert Falco
Area
1
42.84 km2 (16.54 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
176,198
  Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Toulonnais
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
83137 /83000
Elevation0–589 m (0–1,932 ft)
(avg. 1 m or 3.3 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The Commune of Toulon has a population of 171,953 people (2017), making it France's 14th-largest city. It is the centre of an urban unit with 575,347 inhabitants (2017), the ninth largest in France.[6] Toulon is the third-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast after Marseille and Nice.

Toulon is an important centre for naval construction, fishing, wine making, and the manufacture of aeronautical equipment, armaments, maps, paper, tobacco, printing, shoes, and electronic equipment.

The military port of Toulon is the major naval centre on France's Mediterranean coast, home of the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and her battle group. The French Mediterranean Fleet is based in Toulon.