A townland (Irish: baile fearainn; Ulster-Scots: toonlann[1]) is a small geographical division of land used in Ireland and in the Western Isles in Scotland, typically covering 100–500 acres (40–202 ha).[2] The townland system is of Gaelic origin, pre-dating the Norman invasion,[3][4][5][6] and most have names of Irish origin.[4] However, some townland names and boundaries come from Norman manors, plantation divisions, or later creations of the Ordnance Survey.[7][8] The total number of inhabited townlands in Ireland was 60,679 in 1911.[9] The total number recognised by the Irish Place Names database as of 2014 was 61,098, including uninhabited townlands, mainly small islands.[10]

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