Transport in Lithuania


Transport in Lithuania relies mainly on road and rail networks.

Lithuanian road system


E-roads in Lithuania

(2018):
total: 21,238 kilometres (13,197 mi)
paved: 14,879 km (9,245 mi)
unpaved: 6,359 km (3,951 mi)

Highways

Controlled-access highways sections

There are two categories of controlled-access highways in Lithuania: expressways (Lithuanian: greitkeliai) with maximum speed 120 km/h and motorways (Lithuanian: automagistralės) with maximum speed 130 km/h.

Motorway sections
Expressway sections

A road system

The A roads (Magistraliniai keliai) total 1,748.84 km (1,086.68 mi).

Major highway projects in Interwar Lithuania

Before World War I, there were few isolated routes suitable for transit traffic e.g. present-day A12 highway, connecting Riga with Kaliningrad, or present day A6 highway which was part of highway Warsaw-Saint Petersburg that ran through Kaunas. After Lithuania becoming an independent country in 1918, there was increased demand for new highways for inner needs. First long-distance highways built exclusively by Lithuanian Government were opened in late 1930s. These are following:

  • Samogitian highway - old highway built in the course 1930s, connecting Kaunas and Klaipėda. Road section between Kaunas and Ariogala is now completely refurbished to motorway, and the road section from Ariogala to Klaipėda is serving as alternative road for a parallelly-built motorway A1 and connects local towns such as Ariogala, Raseiniai, Rietavas.
  • Aukštaitian Highway - old highway built in the 1930s. It connects Kaunas, Kėdainiai, Panevėžys and Biržai to Riga. After building an original route, new routes were built through the course of Soviet Union and after its dissolution. The road was gradually rerouted to avoid larger urban areas, and now runs from Sitkūnai, bypasses Kėdainiai, Panevėžys, Pasvalys, Biržai, and reaches Latvian border to Riga. Rerouted highway now forms part of Via Baltica.

Museum

Railways


Lithuanian Railways passenger train decorated with coat of arms Vytis
Railway station in Vilnius

There is a total of 1,998 route km of railways, of which:

  • 1,807 km are broad gauge of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in) 122 km of which are electrified
  • 169 km are narrow gauge of 750 mm (2 ft 5+12 in) as of 2001
  • 22 km are standard gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)

Rail links with adjacent countries

Waterways


There are 600 kilometres (370 mi) that are perennially navigable.

Pipelines


In 1992, there were 105 km (65 mi) of crude oil pipelines, and 760 km (470 mi) of natural gas pipelines.

Ports and harbours


Sea ports

Klaipėda port

River ports

Merchant marine


The merchant marine consists of 47 ships of 1,000 GT or over, together totaling 279,743 GT/304,156 tonnes deadweight (DWT).

Ships by type: Cargo 25, Combination bulk 8, Petroleum tanker 2, Railcar carrier 1, Refrigerated cargo 6, Roll on/roll off 2, Short-sea passenger 3.

Note: These totals include some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Denmark 13 (2002 est.)

Airports


Vilnius International Airport

In Lithuania, there are four international airports: