Treaty of Paris (1898)

The Treaty of Paris of 1898 (Filipino: Kasunduan sa Paris ng 1898; Spanish: Tratado de París de 1898) was a treaty signed by Spain and the United States on December 10, 1898, that ended the Spanish–American War. Under it, Spain relinquished all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba and also ceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. The cession of the Philippines involved a compensation of $20 million from the United States to Spain.[1]

Treaty of Paris
Treaty of Peace between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain
December 10, 1898
TypePeace treaty
SignedDecember 10, 1898 (1898-12-10)
LocationParis, France
EffectiveApril 11, 1899
ConditionExchange of ratifications
Signatories
Citations30 Stat. 1754; TS 343; 11 Bevans 615
Languages
  • Spanish
  • English
Full text
Treaty of Paris (1898) at Wikisource
Article IX amended by protocol of March 29, 1900 (TS 344; 11 Bevans 622). Article III supplemented by convention of November 7, 1900 (TS 345; 11 Bevans 623).

The treaty came into effect on April 11, 1899, when the documents of ratification were exchanged.[2] It was the first treaty negotiated between the two governments since the 1819 Adams-Onís Treaty.

The Treaty of Paris marked the end of the Spanish Empire, apart from some small holdings in Northern Africa and several islands and territories around the Gulf of Guinea, also in Africa. It marked the beginning of the United States as a world power. Many supporters of the war opposed the treaty, which became one of the major issues in the election of 1900 when it was opposed by Democrat William Jennings Bryan, who opposed imperialism.[3] Republican President William McKinley supported the treaty and was easily reelected.[4]