Trenton, New Jersey

Trenton is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Jersey and the county seat of Mercer County.[22] It briefly served as the capital of the United States in 1784.[23] The city's metropolitan area, consisting of Mercer County, is grouped with the New York Combined Statistical Area by the United States Census Bureau,[24] but it directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and was from 1990 until 2000 part of the Philadelphia Combined Statistical Area.[25] As of the 2010 United States Census, Trenton had a population of 84,913,[10][11][12] making it the state's 10th-largest municipality after having been the state's ninth-largest municipality in 2000.[26] The population declined by 490 (-0.6%) from the 85,403 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 3,272 (-3.7%) from the 88,675 counted in the 1990 Census.[27] The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the city's population was 83,203 in 2019,[13] ranking the city the 413th-most-populous in the country.[14]

Trenton, New Jersey
City of Trenton
Capital City
Turning Point of the Revolution.
"Trenton Makes, The World Takes"[1]
Location within Mercer County
Interactive map of Trenton, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Trenton, New Jersey
Location in Mercer County
Location in New Jersey
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40.223841°N 74.763624°W / 40.223841; -74.763624[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Mercer
FoundedJune 3, 1719
IncorporatedNovember 13, 1792
Named forWilliam Trent
  TypeFaulkner Act
  BodyCity Council
  MayorReed Gusciora (term ends June 30, 2022)[5][6]
  AdministratorAdam E. Cruz[7]
  Municipal clerkDwayne M. Harris[8]
  Total8.21 sq mi (21.25 km2)
  Land7.58 sq mi (19.63 km2)
  Water0.63 sq mi (1.62 km2)  7.62%
Area rank229th of 565 in state
9th of 12 in county[2]
Elevation49 ft (15 m)
  Rank413th in country (as of 2019)[14]
10th of 565 in state
2nd of 12 in county[15]
  Density11,101.9/sq mi (4,286.5/km2)
  Density rank26th of 565 in state
1st of 12 in county[15]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
08608-08611, 08618-08620, 08625, 08628, 08629, 08638[16][17]
Area code609[18]
FIPS code3402174000[2][19][20]
GNIS feature ID0885421[2][21]

Trenton dates back at least to June 3, 1719, when mention was made of a constable being appointed for Trenton while the area was still part of Hunterdon County. Boundaries were recorded for Trenton Township as of March 2, 1720.[28] A courthouse and jail were constructed in Trenton around 1720, and the Freeholders of Hunterdon County met annually in Trenton.[29] Trenton became New Jersey's capital as of November 25, 1790, and the City of Trenton was formed within Trenton Township on November 13, 1792. Trenton Township was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. On February 22, 1834, portions of Trenton Township were taken to form Ewing Township. The remaining portion of Trenton Township was absorbed by the City of Trenton on April 10, 1837. A series of annexations took place over a 50-year period, with the city absorbing South Trenton borough (April 14, 1851), portions of Nottingham Township (April 14, 1856), both the Borough of Chambersburg Township, and Millham Township (both on March 30, 1888), as well as Wilbur Borough (February 28, 1898). Portions of Ewing Township and Hamilton Township were annexed to Trenton on March 23, 1900.[28][30]