Trevor Thomas Kaine (17 February 1928 – 3 June 2008), an Australian politician, was Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory from 1989 to 1991, and was elected a multi-member single electorate first unicameral Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly, from 1989 to 2001, initially as a member of the Liberal Party and later as an independent.
|2nd Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory|
5 December 1989 – 6 June 1991
|Preceded by||Rosemary Follett|
|Succeeded by||Rosemary Follett|
|Member of ACT Legislative Assembly|
4 March 1989 – 18 February 1995
|Member of ACT Legislative Assembly|
18 February 1995 – 20 October 2001
|Succeeded by||Steve Pratt|
Trevor Thomas Kaine
17 February 1928
Penguin, Tasmania, Australia
|Died||3 June 2008 80)(aged|
|Political party||Liberal Party|
United Canberra Party
|Branch/service||Royal Australian Air Force|
Kaine was a member of the ACT House of Assembly as a member for Fraser from 1975 to 1977, and again from 1985 until that House was dissolved. He was elected to the first Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly at the 1989 general election and, at the first sitting of the Assembly, became the first Leader of the Opposition of the ACT, leading the Liberal Party. The life of the first Assembly was characterised by a hung parliament and significant political instability. Confidence was waning in the minority Follett Labor government. On 5 December 1989, Bernard Collaery, leader of the Residents Rally group (with four members in the Assembly) moved the following motion in the Assembly:
- That this Assembly no longer has confidence in the Chief Minister of the ACT and the minority Labor Government and has confidence in the ability of Mr Kaine to form a government.
The vote was resolved in the affirmative (10 votes to 7), and Kaine was elected as the second Chief Minister as leader of an Alliance Government, comprising members of both the Liberal Party and some (but not all) members of the Residents Rally in the Assembly. 
On 29 May 1991, Kaine announced to the Assembly that members of Residents Rally had met the previous evening and decided to dissolve the Alliance, due to an internal split in the Rally party, where two of the four members chose to align themselves with the Kaine government. The remaining two members chose to not align themselves with the Kaine government. On 6 June 1991, a motion of no confidence in Kaine, as Chief Minister, was passed. The Follett Labor government resumed power, and Kaine again became Leader of the Opposition. 
The ACT Liberal Party lost the 1992 election, again, with a hung parliament. Kaine continued as Leader of the Opposition. In 1993, Kate Carnell took over leadership of the Liberal Party. Kaine stayed on with the Liberal Party after losing the leadership, and was appointed Urban Services Minister when the party won the 1995 election under Carnell. At the 1995 election, three multi-member electorates were created, and Kaine was one of the five representatives of the Brindabella electorate. Kaine was re-elected at the 1998 election. However, on 13 May 1998, he resigned from the Liberal Party and on 28 May 1998, announced his intention to form a party called Canberra Liberals. On 30 July 1998, the United Canberra Party was registered. The party was deregistered on 30 June 2001, and Kaine unsuccessfully contested the 2001 ACT election as an independent candidate.
Life after politics
Trevor Kaine died on 3 June 2008, aged 80, after a long illness following a stroke he had suffered four years earlier. He was the first ACT Chief Minister to die.
- "Members of the ACT Legislative Assembly" (PDF). ACT Legislative Assembly. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- McLennan, David, Political stalwart dead at 80, The Canberra Times, 4 June 2008.
- "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. 5 November 1989. p. 11. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
- "20 Years of Self Government". Stateline. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. pp. 2987–2993. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. pp. 2125, 2134–37. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- Bennett, Scott (9 September 2005). "Australian Capital Territory Election 2001". Parliamentary Library Research Note 15 2001-02. Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 27 February 2002. Retrieved 15 February 2002.
- Uhlmann, Chris (2004). "Independents Analysis". ACT Election Guide. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 9 September 2005.
- "Tributes flow for former chief minister Kaine". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 October 2014.