Trifolium dubium

Trifolium dubium, the lesser trefoil,[2] suckling clover,[3] little hop clover or lesser hop trefoil, is a flowering plant in the pea and clover family Fabaceae. This species is generally accepted as the primary plant to represent the traditional Irish shamrock.[4]

Trifolium dubium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Trifolium
T. dubium
Binomial name
Trifolium dubium
  • Amarenus flavus C. Presl
  • Chrysaspis dubia (Sibth.) Desv.
  • Chrysaspis dubia (Sibth.) E.H.Greene
  • Trifolium filiforme sensu auct.
  • Trifolium flavum C. Presl
  • Trifolium luteolum Schur
  • Trifolium minus Sm.
  • Trifolium praticola Sennen
  • Trifolium procumbens "L., p.p."
  • Trifolium procumbens sensu auct.

It is native to Europe, but can be found in many parts of the world as an introduced species.

It is probably an allotetraploid with 2n=32 that arose from the crossing of Trifolium campestre and T. micranthum.[5]

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