Trinidad

Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago. The island lies 11 km (6.8 mi) off the northeastern coast of Venezuela and sits on the continental shelf of South America. It is often referred to as the southernmost island in the West Indies. With an area of 4,768 km2 (1,841 sq mi), it is also the fifth largest in the West Indies.

Trinidad
Native name:

Cairi
Iëre  (Arawak)
Tukusi
La Isla de la Trinidad
Nickname: Land of the Hummingbird
Map of Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad
Location of Trinidad in the Lesser Antilles
Geography
LocationEastern Caribbean
Coordinates10°27′38″N 61°14′55″W
Area4,768 km2 (1,841 sq mi)
Highest elevation940 m (3080 ft)
Highest pointEl Cerro del Aripo
Administration
IslandTrinidad
Regions14
Capital cityPort of Spain
Largest settlementChaguanas (pop. 83,516)
Prime MinisterKeith Rowley
Demographics
DemonymTrinidadian
Trini
Population1,267,145[1] (2011)
Pop. density266/km2 (689/sq mi)
LanguagesTrinidadian English, Trinidadian English Creole, Trinidadian Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), Antillean French Creole, Chinese, Arabic, Spanish[2][3]
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD)
ReligionsChristianity, Hinduism, Islam, Spiritual-Shouter Baptist, Baháʼí, Orisha (Yoruba), Traditional African religion, Afro-American religions, Rastafari, Amerindian religions, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion, Judaism[4]
Ethnic groupsIndian, African, Multiracial (non-Dougla), Dougla (Indian-African), Indigenous Amerindian, European, Chinese, Arab, Hispanic or Latino[5]
Additional information
Time zone
  • AST (UTC −4) (Trinidad does not observe DST)
Postal code10xxxx – 87xxxx[6]
Trinidad and Tobago on a world map
MorugaChristopher Columbus monument. Columbus landed here on his third voyage in 1498. This is on the southern coast of the island of Trinidad, West Indies