TNT

Trinitrotoluene (/ˌtrˌntrˈtɒljun/)[4][5] more commonly known as TNT, or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3. This yellow solid is occasionally used as a reagent in chemical synthesis, but it is best known as an explosive material with convenient handling properties. The explosive yield of TNT is considered to be the standard comparative convention of bombs and asteroid impacts. In chemistry, TNT is used to generate charge transfer salts.

Trinitrotoluene
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Methyl-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene
Other names
2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene
2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene
2,4,6-Trinitrotoluol
TNT, Tolite, Trilite, Trinitrotoluol, Trinol, Tritolo, Tritolol, Triton, Tritone, Trotol, Trotyl
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Abbreviations TNT
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.900
EC Number
  • 204-289-6
KEGG
RTECS number
  • XU0175000
UNII
UN number 0209Dry or wetted with < 30% water
0388, 0389Mixtures with trinitrobenzene, hexanitrostilbene
  • InChI=1S/C7H5N3O6/c1-4-6(9(13)14)2-5(8(11)12)3-7(4)10(15)16/h2-3H,1H3 N
    Key: SPSSULHKWOKEEL-UHFFFAOYSA-N N
  • InChI=1/C7H5N3O6/c1-4-6(9(13)14)2-5(8(11)12)3-7(4)10(15)16/h2-3H,1H3
  • InChI=1/C7H5N3O6/c1-4-2-3-5(8(11)12)7(10(15)16)6(4)9(13)14/h2-3H,1H3
    Key: FPKOPBFLPLFWAD-UHFFFAOYAR
  • Cc1c(cc(cc1[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-])[N+](=O)[O-]
Properties
C7H5N3O6
Molar mass 227.132 g·mol−1
Appearance Pale yellow solid. Loose "needles", flakes or prills before melt-casting. A solid block after being poured into a casing.
Density 1.654 g/cm3
Melting point 80.35 °C (176.63 °F; 353.50 K)
Boiling point 240.0 °C (464.0 °F; 513.1 K) (decomposes)[1]
0.13 g/L (20 °C)
Solubility in ether, acetone, benzene, pyridine soluble
Vapor pressure 0.0002 mmHg (20°C)[2]
Explosive data
Shock sensitivity Insensitive
Friction sensitivity Insensitive to 353 N
Detonation velocity 6900 m/s
RE factor 1.00
Hazards
Safety data sheet ICSC 0967
GHS pictograms
GHS Signal word Danger
H201, H301, H311, H331, H373, H411
P210, P273, P309+311, P370+380, P373, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
2
4
4
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
795 mg/kg (rat, oral)
660 (mouse, oral)[3]
500 mg/kg (rabbit, oral)
1850 mg/kg (cat, oral)[3]
NIOSH (US health exposure limits):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 1.5 mg/m3 [skin][2]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 0.5 mg/m3 [skin][2]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
500 mg/m3[2]
Related compounds
Related compounds
picric acid
hexanitrobenzene
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references