Trunajaya rebellion

Trunajaya rebellion (also spelled Trunojoyo rebellion; Indonesian: Pemberontakan Trunajaya) or Trunajaya War was the ultimately unsuccessful rebellion waged by the Madurese prince Trunajaya and fighters from Makassar against the Mataram Sultanate and its Dutch East India Company (VOC) supporters in Java (in modern-day Indonesia) during the 1670s.

Trunajaya rebellion

An 1890 Dutch depiction of fighting between VOC soldiers and Trunajaya's forces during the war
Date1674–1680 (main campaign);
Puger rebellion continued until 1681
Location
Java (in modern-day Indonesia)
Result VOC–Mataram victory
Belligerents

Mataram Sultanate
Dutch East India Company (VOC)

  • VOC's Indonesian allies

Rebel forces
Makassarese itinerant fighters


Rival claimants to Mataram throne (after 1677)
Commanders and leaders

Amangkurat I 
Amangkurat II
Cornelis Speelman
Anthonio Hurdt
Jacob Couper

Arung Palakka

Rebel leaders:
Trunajaya  
Kraeng of Galesong
Raden Kajoran 
Lord of Giri 


Co-belligerent (1677–1681):

Pangeran Puger 
Strength

Mataram:
"Much larger" than 9,000 (1676)[1]
13,000 (late 1678)[2]
VOC:
1,500 (1676)[3]
1,750 (1678)[4]
VOC's Bugis allies:
1,500 (1678)[5]

6,000 (1679)[6]

Trunajaya:
9,000 (1676)[1]
14,500 (rebel claim, 1678)[4]


Puger:

10,000 (Aug 1981)[7]

The rebellion was initially successful: the rebels defeated the royal army at Gegodog (1676), captured most of the Javanese north coast, and took the Mataram capital Plered (1677). King Amangkurat I died during the retreat of the royal court. His son and successor, Amangkurat II, requested help from the VOC in exchange for financial remuneration and geopolitical concessions. The VOC's subsequent involvement turned the tide of the war. VOC and Mataram forces expelled Trunajaya from Surabaya, recovered lost territories and overran his new capital at Kediri (1678). However, the rebellion continued until the capture of Trunajaya at the end of 1679, and the defeat, death, or surrender of the other rebel leaders (1679–1680). Trunajaya was killed by Amangkurat II personally in 1680 while a prisoner of the VOC.

After his father's death in 1677, Amangkurat II also faced rival claims to the throne. The most serious rival was his brother Pangeran Puger, who took the capital Plered in 1677 and did not surrender until 1681.


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