Tufton Street


Tufton Street is a road in Westminster, London, located just outside of the Westminster Abbey precinct.[1]

Tufton Street
55 Tufton Street
General information
Address55 Tufton Street, SW1P 3QL
Town or cityLondon
CountryUnited Kingdom
Coordinates51.4963°N 0.1284°W / 51.4963; -0.1284

History


Tufton Street, the northern part of which was known as Bowling Alley until 1870,[2] was built by Sir Richard Tufton, the English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1629.[3][4]

Composer Henry Purcell lived on or near the street (in addresses then known as St Anne's Lane from 1682 and Bowling Alley East from 1684 until 1692).[5] Colonel Blood, best known for his attempt to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London, lived in Tufton Street.[6] One of London's notorious cock-fighting pits was located here until as late as 1815.[7]

No 7 Tufton Street is Faith House, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens as the Church Institute for St John's, Smith Square and built in 1905-07. The building has been described as a version of an Italianate palazzo, reinterpreted in a Georgian style. It was taken over by the Society of the Faith in 1935.[8] The vaulted, central room has occasionally been used as a concert space since the 1930s.[9]

At No 11 is the church outfitters J Wippell & Co, a business which dates back to 1834. The shop dates from 1929. The Church House, the home of the headquarters of the Church of England, occupies the south side of Dean's Yard and bordered by Great Smith Street, Little Smith Street and the north end of Tufton Street.

The old Royal Architectural Museum and associated Westminster School of Art was located at No 18 from 1869 until 1904. The building was sold to the National Library for the Blind, but was demolished and consequently rebuilt in 1935[10] The Library remained in Tufton Street until 1978 before moving to Stockport.

No 24 Tufton Street is Mary Sumner house, named after the founder of the Mothers' Union, a worldwide Anglican women's organisation. The building, which opened in 1925, was designed by the Scottish architect Claude Ferrier. Next to it to the south is the back of a large red brick church (fronting onto Marsham Street) designed by Sir Herbert Baker and A. T. Scott in 1928 for Christian Scientists. In the 1990s it became the Emmanuel Centre (a conference centre) and the Emmanuel Evangelical Church. Also backing onto Tufton Street is Romney House (47 Marsham Street), built in the 1930s by the Austro British architect Michael Rosenauer.

The Tufton Street drill hall is a former military installation, designed as the headquarters of the 23rd Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps and completed in 1899.[11]

Eleanor Rathbone, independent member of parliament and pioneer of family allowance and women's rights, lived at Tufton Court (No 47) between 1940 and 1945.[12]

The English war poet and novelist Siegfried Sassoon lived at No 54 from 1919-1925 (original house now demolished).[13] The film maker Sir Michael Balcon lived at 57a Tufton Street between 1927 and 1939.[14]

67 Tufton Street, originally a Post Office, was subsequently occupied by the Cabinet Office. It is now an apartment complex.[15]

Today, the street is best known as a centre for Brexit-related eurosceptic and right-wing aligned think-tanks. These groups are primarily based in 55, but also in 57, Tufton Street.

55 Tufton Street


55 Tufton Street is a Georgian era townhouse owned by businessman Richard Smith.[16] Since the 2010s the building has hosted think tanks related to Brexit and climate change.[17][16][18] A group of these think tanks, dubbed "The Nine Entities", use the building for biweekly meetings to coordinate policy and public messages.

The nine entities – the TaxPayers’ Alliance, the office of Peter Whittle, the former deputy leader of UKIP, Civitas, the Adam Smith Institute, Leave Means Leave, the Global Warming Policy Foundation, Brexit Central, the Centre for Policy Studies and the Institute for Economic Affairs – were accused by Brexit opponent Shahmir Sanni of using the meetings to "agree on a single set of right-wing talking points" and "securing more exposure to the public".[19]

Think tanks

57 Tufton Street


See also


References


  1. Westminster-Abbey.org
  2. John Rocque's map of 1746
  3. British History Online
  4. Fairfield, Sheila. The Streets Of London: A Dictionary Of The Names And Their Origins (1983)
  5. Zimmerman, Franklin. Henry Purcell 1659–1695 His Life and Times (1967), p 34
  6. Abbott, W.C. Colonel Thomas Blood, Crown-stealer 1618-1680 (1910)
  7. Besant, Walter. The Fascination of London: Westminster (1902)
  8. The Society of the Faith website
  9. MusicWeb International, 10 May 2021
  10. "Royal Architectural Museum". The Salviati Architectural Mosaic Database. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  11. Osborne, Mike (2012). Defending London: A Military History from Conquest to Cold War. History Press. ISBN 978-0752479316.
  12. English Heritage
  13. Waymarking.com
  14. Commons Wikimedia
  15. Hansard, 18 October 2006
  16. "The address where Eurosceptics and climate change sceptics rub shoulders". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  17. "Revealed: how the UK's powerful right-wing think tanks and Conservative MPs work together". openDemocracy. 2018-07-31. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  18. "55 Tufton Street". DeSmog UK. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  19. Farand, Chloe (23 June 2018). "Mapped: Whistleblower Accuses Nine Organisations of Colluding over Hard Brexit". DeSmog UK. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  20. "Business For Britain - Political Party in Westminster SW1P 3QL - 192.com". www.192.com. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
  21. "BUSINESS FOR BRITAIN LIMITED – Filing history (free information from Companies House)". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  22. "IFT LTD – Filing history". Companies House. Retrieved 2019-06-10.