Turkish Armed Forces

The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF; Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of Turkey. Turkish Armed Forces consist of the General Staff, the Land Forces, the Naval Forces and the Air Forces. The current Chief of the General staff is General Yaşar Güler. The Chief of the General Staff is the Commander of the Armed Forces. In wartime, the Chief of the General Staff acts as the Commander-in-Chief on behalf of the President, who represents the Supreme Military Command of the TAF on behalf of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.[8] Coordinating the military relations of the TAF with other NATO member states and friendly states is the responsibility of the General Staff.

Turkish Armed Forces
Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri
Emblem of the Turkish Armed Forces
Founded209 BC[lower-alpha 1]
Service branches Turkish Land Forces
Turkish Naval Forces
Turkish Air Force
HeadquartersBakanlıklar, Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey
Commander-in-Chief President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Minister of National Defence Hulusi Akar
Chief of the General Staff General Yaşar Güler
Military age20[2]
Conscription6 months
Active personnel355,200[3]
Reserve personnel380,000[4]
BudgetUS$15.5 billion[5]
Percent of GDP2.1%[5]
Domestic suppliers
Foreign suppliers
Annual imports$1.1 billion (2022)[6]
Annual exports$2.0 billion (2022)[7]
Related articles
RanksMilitary ranks of Turkey

The history of the Turkish Armed Forces began with its formation after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish military perceived itself as the guardian of Kemalism, the official state ideology, especially of its emphasis on secularism. After becoming a member of NATO in 1952, Turkey initiated a comprehensive modernization program for its armed forces. The Turkish Army sent 14,936 troops to fight in the Korean War alongside South Korea and NATO. Towards the end of the 1980s, a second restructuring process was initiated. The Turkish Armed Forces participate in an EU Battlegroup under the control of the European Council, the Italian-Romanian-Turkish Battlegroup. The TAF also contributes operational staff to the Eurocorps multinational army corps initiative of the EU and NATO.

The Turkish Armed Forces is the second largest standing military force in NATO, after the U.S. Armed Forces, and the thirteenth in the world, with an estimated strength of 775,000 military and paramilitary personnel in 2022.

Turkey is one of five NATO member states which are part of the nuclear sharing policy of the alliance, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands.[9] A total of 50 U.S. B61 nuclear bombs are hosted at the Incirlik Air Base, the most of the five countries.[10]

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