Turkish Land Forces

The Turkish Land Forces (Turkish: Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Turkish: Türk kara ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. The army was formed on November 8, 1920, after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Significant campaigns since the foundation of the army include suppression of rebellions in southeastern Turkey from the 1920s to the present day, combat in the Korean War, the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus and the current Turkish involvement in the Syrian Civil War, as well as its NATO alliance against the USSR during the Cold War. The army holds the preeminent place within the armed forces. It is customary for the Chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces to have been the Commander of the Turkish Land Forces prior to his appointment as Turkey's senior ranking officer. Alongside the other two armed services, the Turkish Army has frequently intervened in Turkish politics, a custom that is now regulated to an extent by the reform of the National Security Council. The current commander of the Turkish Land Forces is General Ümit Dündar.[6]

Turkish Land Forces
Türk Kara Kuvvetleri
Emblem of the Turkish Land Forces
  • November 8, 1920 (as the Army of the Grand National Assembly)[1]
  • July 1, 1949 (as the Turkish Land Forces Command)[2][3]
Country Turkey
RoleLand warfare
Size260,200 active personnel (2020)[4]
Part ofTurkish Armed Forces
Motto(s)"Peace at Home, Peace in the World"
ColorsGold & Maroon   
Marchİleri Marşı
AnniversariesJune 28[5]
EquipmentList of equipment of the Turkish Land Forces
EngagementsList of wars involving Turkey
Commander-in-ChiefPresident Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Minister of National DefenceMinister Hulusi Akar
Chief of the General StaffGeneral Yaşar Güler
CommanderGeneral Musa Avsever [tr]
Vice CommanderGeneral Metin Gürak [tr]
Chief of StaffLt. Gen. Veli Tarakcı [tr]
Flag of Turkish
Land Forces
Army Aviation Roundel

From late 2015, the Turkish Army (along with the rest of the Armed Forces) saw its personnel strengths increased to a similar level as the previous decade. Factors that contributed to this growth include the Turkish occupation of northern Syria, as well as a renewal of the Kurdish-Turkish conflict.[7][8][9]