International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation
The International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation, commonly known by its French name Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA, lit. International Union of Alpine Clubs) was founded in August 1932 in Chamonix, France when 20 mountaineering associations met for an alpine congress. Count Charles Egmond d’Arcis, from Switzerland, was chosen as the first president and it was decided by the founding members that the UIAA would be an international federation which would be in charge of the "study and solution of all problems regarding mountaineering". The UIAA Safety Label was created in 1960 and was internationally approved in 1965 and currently (2015) has a global presence on five continents with 86 member associations in 62 countries representing over 3 million people.
The UIAA is today the international governing body of climbing and mountaineering and represents climbers and mountaineers around the world on a wide range of issues related to mountain safety, sustainability and competition sport.
The International Climbers’ Meet, the goal of these meets is to foster good will and cultural understanding through our shared passion of climbing by hosting a diverse group of climbing abilities from a multitude of countries.
The UIAA Safety Commission develops and maintains safety standards for climbing equipment. These standards are implemented worldwide by the manufacturers who also participate in annual Safety Commission meetings. The Commission works with nearly 60 manufacturers worldwide and has 1,861 products certified.
Dynamic Rope UIAA fall count rating The test to determine the fall count uses a 5.1m rope and drops a weight (80 kg single rope / 55 kg double rope) so that it falls 4.8m before experiencing a reaction force from the rope. This means that the weight is falling below the fixed end and there is minimal rope to stretch and absorb the force. The fall count rating is the number of times the rope can undergo this test before breaking. For the dynamic rope to be UIAA certified it requires a fall count rating of 5 or more.
This number does not indicate that the rope needs to be discarded after this many falls while climbing, since a fall would usually not have the climber fall beyond the belayer and there is usually more rope to stretch and absorb the fall. There has been no recorded accidents of a UIAA certified dynamic rope breaking without there being damage from a sharp edge or chemical.
Mountain Medicine Diploma Together with the International Society of Mountain Medicine (ISMM) and the International Commission for Alpine Rescue (ICAR), the UIAA Medical Commission has established and developed a joint Diploma in Mountain Medicine that establishes minimal requirements for courses in mountain medicine in August 1997 (Interlaken, Switzerland). Many course organizers adopted these standards and the Diploma in Mountain Medicine (DiMM) has become a widely respected qualification.
The Medical Commission was founded in 1981. Its history dates back to an earlier time when there were only a few doctors representing the largest mountaineering federations. The commission has grown to include 22 delegated doctors from 18 different mountaineering federations, as well as 16 corresponding members from all over the world. The UIAA Medical Commission has worked very closely with the Medical Commission of the International Commission for Alpine Rescue (ICAR). The current presidents of the UIAA Medical commission and the MedCom ICAR are always on the advisory board of the ISMM.
The UIAA is the world governing body for ice climbing competitions. The annual World Cup circuit and the bi annual World Championship and Youth World Championship are organised on different continents with athletes from over 30 countries participating.
Ice climbing The UIAA is the world governing body for ice climbing competitions. The annual UIAA Ice Climbing World Cup circuit and the bi annual World Championship and Youth World Championship are organized in different continents with athletes from over 30 countries participating.
There are two ice climbing disciplines, Speed and Lead. In Speed, athletes race up an ice face for the best time. In Lead competitions the climbers' ability to master a difficult route in a given time is tested.
Anti-Doping Commission The UIAA has adopted the World Anti-Doping Code (2014); this includes the mandatory articles of the Code and all relevant International Standards. The commission also oversees the anti-doping testing of athletes who participate in UIAA ice climbing competitions.
Global Youth Summit The Global Youth Summit is a series of UIAA youth events where young mountaineers from around the world come together to climb, promote peace and cooperation between countries and work on the protection of the environment. First implemented ten years ago, it consists of a series of expeditions and camps offered by UIAA member federations to other UIAA member federations and their members.
All UIAA Global Youth Summit events are organised and undertaken in strict accordance with the relevant Federation's regulations and UIAA Youth Commission Handbook & UIAA Youth Commission criteria and recommendations governing such events. Once approved the National Federation or event organiser and their designated leaders have responsibility for the event. The UIAA Youth Commission and UIAA Office may on occasion appoint other responsible persons such as trainers, event organisers and partners.
Safety Label holders
- Alien Cams
- Big Wall
- Black Diamond
- Black Safe
- Blue Water Ropes
- Climbing Technology
- GM Climbing
- Ice Rock
- Mad Rock
- Misty Mountain
- Nal Hon
- New England Ropes
- Omega Pacific
- Rock Exotica
- Schweiger Fulpmes
- Singing Rock
- Southern Ropes
- 1932–1964: Count Charles Egmond d'Arcis
- 1964–1968: Edouard Wyss-Dunant
- 1968–1972: Albert Eggler
- 1972–1976: Jean Juge
- 1976–1984: Pierre Bossus
- 1984–1990: Carlo Sganzini
- 1990–1995: Pietro Segantini
- 1995–2004: Ian McNaught-Davis
- 2004–2005: Alan Blackshaw
- 2005–2011: Mike Mortimer
- 2012–2020: Frits Vrijlandt
- 2020–present: Peter Muir
|Andorra||Federacio Andorrana de Muntanyisme (FAM)||1982|
|Argentina||Federación Argentina de Ski y Andinismo (FASA)||1951|
|Azerbaijan||Mountaineering Federation of Azerbaijan Republic (AAF)||2011|
|Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Air and Extreme Sports Federation (FAIREX)||2011|
|Belgium||Climbing & Mountaineering Belgium (CMBEL)||1932|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Mountaineering Union of Bosnia - Herzegovina (PSBH)||1997|
|Brazil||Confederação Brasileira de Montanhismo e Escalada (CBME)||2005|
|Bulgaria||Bulgarian Climbing and Mountaineering Federation (BCMF)||1935|
|Canada||Alpine Club of Canada (ACC)||1947|
|Canada||Ecole Nationale d'Escalade du Québec (ENEQ)||2002|
|Canada||Fédération Québécoise de la Montagne et de l'Escalade (FQME)||1975|
|Chile||Federación de Andinismo de Chile (FEACH)||1955|
|China||Chinese Mountaineering Association (CMA)||1985|
|China||China Hong Kong Mountaineering and Climbing Union (CHKMCU)||1988|
|Cyprus||Mountaineering and Climbing Federation of Cyprus (KOMOA)||2007|
|South Korea||Corean Alpine Club (CAC)||1969|
|South Korea||Korean Alpine Federation (KAF)||1969|
|Croatia||Hrvatski planinarski savez (HPS)||1991|
|Denmark||Dansk Bjergklub (DB)||1977|
|Denmark||Dansk Klatreforbund (DCF)||1998|
|Finland||Finnish Climbing Association (FCA)||1994|
|France||Fédération Française des clubs alpins et de montagne (FFCAM)||1932|
|Georgia||Mountaineering and Climbing Association of Georgia (MCAG)||1993|
|Japan||Japan Mountaineering Association (JMA)||1967|
|Greece||Hellenic Federation of Mountaineering and Climbing (EOOA)||1936|
|India||Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF)||1981|
|India||Himalayan Mountaineering Institute (HMI)||2011|
|India||Nehru Institute for Mountaineering (NIM)||2011|
|Iran||I.R. Iran Mountaineering and Sport Climbing Federation (I.R.IMSCF)||1972|
|Ireland||Mountaineering Ireland (MCI)||2004|
|Israel||The Israeli Alpine Club (ILAC)||2009|
|Italy||Alpenverein Südtirol (AVS)||1974|
|Italy||Club Alpino Italiano (CAI)||1932|
|Italy||International Skyrunning Federation (ISF)||2011|
|Kosovo||Kosovo Mountaineering and Alpinist Federation (KMAF)||2011|
|Latvia||Latvijas Alpinistu Savieniba (LAA)||1992|
|Liechtenstein||Liechtensteiner Alpenverein (LAV)||1959|
|Lithuania||Lithuanian Mountaineering Association (LMA)||1991|
|Luxembourg||Fédération Luxembourgeoise d'Escalade, de Rendonnée Sportive et d'Alpinisme (FLERA)||1960|
|North Macedonia||FYR Macedonian Mountain Sport Federation (MMSF)||1999|
|Mexico||Federación Mexicana de Deportes de Montaña y Escalada AC (FMDME)||1947|
|Monaco||Club Alpin Monégasque (CAM)||1994|
|Mongolia||National Mountaineering Federation of Mongolia (NMF)||2010|
|Nepal||Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA)||1975|
|Norway||Norges Klatreforbund (NK)||1993|
|Norway||Norsk Tindeklub (NTK)||1965|
|New Zealand||New Zealand Alpine Club (NZAC)||1932|
|Netherlands||Royal Dutch Mountaineering and Climbing Club (NKBV)||1932|
|Pakistan||Alpine Club of Pakistan (ACP)||1979|
|Poland||Polish Mountaineering Association (PZA)||1932|
|Portugal||Clube Nacional de Montanhismo (CNM)||1955|
|Portugal||Federação de Campismo e Montanhismo de Portugal (FCMP)||1992|
|Portugal||Federação Portuguesa de Montanhismo e Escalada (FPME)||2004|
|Czech Republic||Cesky Horolezecky Svaz (CMA)||1932|
|Dominican Republic||Associación Dominicana De Escalada y Montañismo (ADEM)||2010|
|United Kingdom||British Mountaineering Council (BMC)||1932 (1944-)|
|United Kingdom||The Alpine Club (TAC)||2003 (1932-1944 and 2003-)|
|Romania||Clubul Alpin Român (CAR)||1934|
|Russia||Climbing Federation of Russia (CFR)||2004|
|Russia||Russian Mountaineering Federation (RMF)||2007|
|Serbia||Mountaineering Association of Serbia (PSS)||2002|
|Slovakia||Slovensky Horolezecky Spolok JAMES (SMU JAMES)||1932|
|Slovenia||Alpine Association of Slovenia (PZS)||1991|
|United States||Alaskan Alpine Club (ALAC)||1985|
|United States||American Alpine Club (AAC)||1932|
|South Africa||The Mountain Club of South Africa (MCSA)||1992|
|Spain||Centre Excursionista de Catalunya (CEC)||1932|
|Spain||Euskal Mendizale Federazioa (EMF)||2002|
|Spain||Federació d'Entitats Excursionistes de Catalunya (FEEC)||2000|
|Spain||Federación Española de Deportes de Montaña y Escalada (FEDME)||1932|
|Sweden||Svenska Klätterförbundet (SKF)||1973|
|Switzerland||Schweizer Alpen-Club (SAC)||1932|
|Switzerland||Vereinigung Akademischer Alpenclubs der Schweiz (VAACS)||1985|
|Chinese Taipei||Chinese Taipei Alpine Association (CTAA)||1989|
|Chinese Taipei||Chinese Taipei Mountaineering Association (CTMA)||1993|
|Turkey||Turkiye Dagcilik Federasyonu (TDF)||1967|
|Ukraine||Ukrainian Mountaineering Federation (UMF)||1991|
|Hungary||Magyar Hegy- és Sportmászó Szövetség (MHSSZ)||1932|
|Hungary||Magyar Sportturisztikai Szövetség (MSTSZ)||2003|
- "UIAA Foundation & Early years". theuiaa.org. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- Apollo, Michal (2017). "The true accessibility of mountaineering: The case of the High Himalaya". Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism. 17: 29–43. doi:10.1016/j.jort.2016.12.001.
- "Safety Standards – UIAA". theuiaa.org. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "UIAA Safety Label". theUIAA. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- Obituary: Albert Eggler – Arts and Entertainment. The Independent (10 September 1998).
- Archived 8 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- grough — Frits Vrijlandt elected UIAA president after no-confidence vote in former head. Grough.co.uk (19 October 2012).
- "About – UIAA – Role of Honour". theuiaa.org. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "About the BMC". www.thebmc.co.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
- Scaglia, Ilaria (5 December 2019). Envisioning a League of Nations in the Alps. ISBN 9780198848325. Retrieved 3 January 2020.