United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most powerful navy in the world, with the estimated tonnage of its active battle fleet alone exceeding the next 13 navies combined, including 11 U.S. allies or partner nations as of 2015.[7][8][9][10] It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage[11][7] and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, two new carriers under construction, and five other carriers planned. With 336,978 personnel on active duty and 101,583 in the Ready Reserve, the U.S. Navy is the third largest of the U.S. military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 290 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of June 2019.[3]

United States Navy
Emblem of the United States Navy
Founded27 March 1794
(227 years, 5 months)
(as current service)

13 October 1775
(245 years, 11 months)
(as Continental Navy)[1]

Country United States
Size347,044 active duty personnel (As of November 2020)[2]
279,471 civilian employees[3]
101,583 ready reserve personnel[3]
480 total ships, of which 290 deployable (As of 2019)[3]
2,623 aircraft[4]
Part ofUnited States Armed Forces
Department of the Navy
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Motto(s)"Semper Fortis" (English: "Always Courageous"), (unofficial).
"Non sibi sed patriae" (English: "Not for self but for country") (unofficial).
ColorsBlue and gold[5][6]
March"Anchors Aweigh" Play 
Anniversaries13 October
EquipmentList of U.S. Navy equipment
See list
Presidential Unit Citation

Navy Unit Commendation

Meritorious Unit Commendation
Commander-in-Chief President Joe Biden
Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin
Secretary of the Navy Carlos Del Toro
Chief of Naval Operations ADM Michael M. Gilday
Vice Chief of Naval Operations ADM William K. Lescher
Master Chief Petty Officer of the NavyMCPON Russell L. Smith
Anchor, Constitution, and Eagle

The U.S. Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War and was effectively disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter. After suffering significant loss of goods and personnel at the hands of the Barbary pirates from Algiers, the U.S. Congress passed the Naval Act of 1794 for the construction of six heavy frigates, the first ships of the U.S. Navy. The U.S. Navy played a major role in the American Civil War by blockading the Confederacy and seizing control of its rivers. It played the central role in the World War II defeat of Imperial Japan. The U.S. Navy emerged from World War II as the most powerful navy in the world. The 21st century U.S. Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in strength in such areas as the Western Pacific, the Mediterranean, and the Indian Ocean. It is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward deployments during peacetime and rapidly respond to regional crises, making it a frequent actor in U.S. foreign and military policy.

The U.S. Navy is part of the Department of the Navy, alongside the U.S. Marine Corps, which is its coequal sister service. The Department of the Navy is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy. The Department of the Navy is itself a military department of the Department of Defense, which is headed by the Secretary of Defense. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the most senior Navy officer serving in the Department of the Navy.[12]