Ukrainian First League


The Persha Liha (Ukrainian: Перша ліга) or Ukrainian First League is a professional football league in Ukraine and the second tier of national football competitions pyramid. Members of the league also participate in the Ukrainian Cup. It is the highest division of Professional Football League.

Ukrainian First League
Founded1991
Country Ukraine
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toUkrainian Premier League
Relegation toUkrainian Second League
Domestic cup(s)Ukrainian Cup
Current championsVeres Rivne
(2020–21)
Most championships3 Dynamo-2 Kyiv, Hoverla Uzhhorod, Zirka Kropyvnytskyi
Top goalscorer116 Vadym Plotnikov and Serhiy Chuichenko (2018)[1]
Websitepfl.ua
Current: 2020–21 Ukrainian First League

History


The league was set up by the newly reorganized Football Federation of Ukraine (a successor of the Football Federation of the Ukrainian SSR) with the falling apart Soviet Union as a second tier, lower than Ukrainian Higher League (Vyshcha Liha) and higher that Ukrainian Transitional League (Perekhidna Liha).

The very first round of games that took place for this league was on 14 March 1992. The league itself was organised just a few months before that and consisted mostly of all the Ukrainian clubs that previously competed in the one of groups of the Soviet Lower Second League (4th tier, see Ukrainian Soviet competitions). To the league were also added some Soviet Top League reserve squads of the Soviet Top League reserve squads competition and the three best performers of the Ukrainian football championship among amateurs, KFK (Fitness clubs).

The Persha Liha (First League) is lower than the Vyshcha Liha (Higher League) (currently known as the Ukrainian Premier League) and is the second division of the Ukrainian professional football league system.

The First League was incorporated into the PFL organisation that combined all the football leagues of non-amateur clubs (Top, First, and Second). On 26 May 1996 the Constituent Conference of non-amateur clubs took place which created the professional league, and confirmed its statute as well as its administration. Most of the clubs that had previously participated in the Ukrainian football league competitions were reorganized as professional, a process that actually started in the late 1980s. On 17 July the professional league signed an agreement with several other national football organizations to organize competitions among the professional clubs (its members). According to the newspaper Halychyna (Ivano-Frankivsk) the annual budget of league's clubs varied between 6 mln to 30 mln hryvnias in 2010.[2][3]

The League officially became the top league of the Professional Football League (PFL) from 15 April 2008 when the Ukrainian Premier League reorganized itself into a self-governed entity. Usually the top two teams from the First League are promoted to the Premier League, while the two lowest teams from the Premier League are demoted to the First League. Because each club is only allowed to be represented with a single squad per each league, the second squad's promotion often is voided, thus, allowing the promotion of the third placed club during a season. One of the most successful second squads is of Dynamo Kyiv (FC Dynamo-2 Kyiv).

Current composition


The following teams are competing in the 2021–22 season. Note, in parenthesis shown the actual home cities and stadiums.

  former Premier (Vyshcha) Liha clubs
Team Home city Stadium Capacity Position in
2020–21
First season
in 1L
Seasons
in 1L
Ahrobiznes Volochysk Yunist Stadium 2,700 5th 2018-19 3
Alians Lypova Dolyna Yuvileiny Stadium 520 6th 2020-21 1
Kramatorsk Kramatorsk Avanhard Stadium 4,000 12th 2012-13 8
Hirnyk-Sport Horishni Plavni Yunist Stadium 2,500 9th 2014-15 7
Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih Hirnyk Stadium 2,500 2L B:2nd 1992 1
Metalist Kharkiv Metalist Stadium 40,003 2L B:1st 1994-95 5
Mykolaiv Mykolaiv Central City Stadium 15,600 4th 1992–93 22
Mynai Mynai Avanhard Stadium 12,000 PL: 12th 2019-20 1
Nyva Ternopil Ternopilsky Misky Stadion 15,150 13th 2001–02 6
Obolon Kyiv Obolon Arena 5,100 8th 1999–2000 13
Podillya Khmelnytskyi Sport Complex Podillya 6,800 2L A:1st 1992 7
Polissia Zhytomyr Tsentralnyi Stadion 5,928 11th 2020–21 1
Prykarpattia Ivano-Frankivsk Rukh Stadium 6,500 14th 2018–19 3
Volyn Lutsk Avanhard Stadium 12,080 7th 1996–97 14
VPK-Ahro Mahdalynivka Kolos Arena 1,500 10th 2020–21 1
Uzhhorod Uzhhorod Avanhard Stadium 12,000 2L A:2nd 2021–22 debut

Location map

The following displays the location of teams.

Format of competition


A runner-up trophy of the Ukrainian First League

General description

The league conducts its competition in a regular double round-robin format where each team plays with every other one twice. The league conducts its competitions from fall to spring, however due to climate conditions in Ukraine, a mid-season winter break is usually longer than the summer break between competition seasons. Since 1995 the league also follows the same system of points calculation that is adopted throughout the whole European continent, 3 points for win, one for draw, and none for loss.

Number of participants

During its history the number of members in the league has fluctuated. In its first years before 1999 the league consisted of 20 or more participants. Later there was an idea to decrease the number of members in all leagues in order to improve the quality of competition. Until 2013 the number of participants was reduced to 18 except for couple of seasons in 2006–2008. Recently since 2013 the number was reduced further to 16 where it remains since.

Relegation and promotion

Traditionally two better teams out of First League are being swapped for two worse teams out of Premier (Higher) League. On more rare occasions a third team gets a chance of promotion, but there were also seasons when only one team would get promoted. Only twice three teams were promoted to the top division, both times happening due to the top tier expansion. The league's winner and usually the second placed runner-up get accepted to the Premier League. However, due to the rule that a second team of the club cannot be promoted when its senior team plays in a higher tier, on few occasions when a second club team finished in top two places the third-placed team was admitted to the top division. In 2013 there was set a precedent when a club on its own will has refused to be promoted. In 2017 there was created another precedent when a club that earned promotion was denied it based on administrative decision.

With relegation, the league's policy is a bit different, although originally it also was two for two. In 1996 the Second League (lower tier) was converted into a de facto regional league with two (three) regional groups. The league has also decreased its number of participants from originally 22-24 to only 16-18. There were also number of withdrawals which triggered sometime additional number in rotation.

The relegation or promotion play-offs were previously usually organized under unforeseen circumstances such as a team's withdrawal from the league and often were not scheduled until after the season had concluded. Since 2011 relegation play-offs have become a well established tradition.

Since the turn of the millennium the frequency of withdrawals in the First League has increased among the competing clubs. In order to fight this, the league has been applying a stricter approach to every club's financial situation to avoid withdrawals during a season.

Season92/9393/9494/9595/9696/9797/9898/9999/0000/0101/0202/0303/0404/0505/0606/0707/0808/0909/10
League P/R
Premier League P 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
R 6   2 2 3 2 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
Second League P   2 4 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 5 2 3 4 4 4 2 3
R 10 2 2 2 3x 4 4* 5* 5* 3 3 1x 2 4* 2x 4x 4 3x
Season10/1111/1212/1313/1414/1515/1616/1717/1818/1919/2020/2121/2222/2323/2424/2525/2626/2727/2828/2929/30
League P/R
Premier League P 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 3                  
R 2 2 2     1   1 2 1                    
Second League P 3 2 3 3 4 3* 6 4 4 4 6                  
R 3* 2* 3x 4* 3* 2* 3x 3 5* 3x 3                  

League's popularity

Since the 2009–10 season the First League has started to broadcast selected matches over the internet in order to increase its popularity.

The most successful clubs in the league are FC Dynamo-2 Kyiv, FC Hoverla Uzhhorod, and FC Zirka Kropyvnytskyi. All of those teams were either disbanded or went through some sort of reorganizations. In 2016 Dynamo Kyiv withdrew its second team from professional competitions, while FC Hoverla was refused in attestation. Previously in 2008 FC Zirka that went through reorganization was re-established based on a local youth football club FC Olimpik Kropyvnytskyi and in 2016 won its third championship in the league.

Past winners and runners


Promoted teams are indicated in bold.

SeasonGroupWinnerRunner-upThird place
1992 A Veres Rivne Pryladyst Mukacheve Polihraftekhnika Oleksandria
B Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih Metalurh Nikopol Artania Ochakiv
1992–93 Nyva Vinnytsia Temp Shepetivka Naftovyk Okhtyrka
1993–94 Prykarpattya Ivano-Frankivsk Evis Mykolaiv Polihraftekhnika Oleksandria
1994–95 Zirka-NIBAS Kirovohrad CSKA-Borysfen Boryspil Metalurh Nikopol
1995–96 Vorskla Poltava Bukovyna Chernivtsi Stal Alchevsk
1996–97 Metalurh Donetsk Dynamo-2 Kyiv Metalurh Mariupol
1997–98 SC Mykolaiv Dynamo-2 Kyiv Metalist Kharkiv
1998–99 Dynamo-2 Kyiv Chornomorets Odessa Torpedo Zaporizhia
1999–00 Dynamo-2 Kyiv Stal Alchevsk FC Cherkasy
2000–01 Dynamo-2 Kyiv Zakarpattia Uzhhorod Polihraftekhnika Oleksandria
2001–02 SC Volyn-1 Lutsk Chornomorets Odessa Obolon Kyiv
2002–03 Zirka Kirovohrad Borysfen Boryspil Dynamo-2 Kyiv
2003–04 Zakarpattia Uzhhorod Metalist Kharkiv Naftovyk Okhtyrka
2004–05 Stal Alchevsk Arsenal Kharkiv Zorya Luhansk
2005–06 Zorya Luhansk Karpaty Lviv Obolon Kyiv
2006–07 Naftovyk-Ukrnafta Okhtyrka Zakarpattia Uzhhorod Obolon Kyiv
2007–08 Illichivets Mariupol FC Lviv Obolon Kyiv
2008–09 Zakarpattia Uzhhorod Obolon Kyiv PFC Oleksandria
2009–10 PFC Sevastopol Volyn Lutsk Stal Alchevsk
2010–11 PFC Oleksandria Chornomorets Odesa Stal Alchevsk
2011–12 Hoverla-Zakarpattia Uzhhorod Metalurh Zaporizhya FC Sevastopol
2012–13 FC Sevastopol Stal Alchevsk[4] PFC Oleksandria[5]
2013–14 FC Olimpik Donetsk PFC Oleksandria[5] Stal Alchevsk
2014–15 FC Oleksandriya Stal Dniprodzerzhynsk Hirnyk-Sport Komsomolsk
2015–16 Zirka Kirovohrad Cherkaskyi Dnipro Obolon-Brovar Kyiv
2016–17 Illichivets Mariupol Desna Chernihiv Veres Rivne
2017–18 Arsenal Kyiv FC Poltava[6] Desna Chernihiv
2018–19 SC Dnipro-1 Kolos Kovalivka Volyn Lutsk
2019–20 FC Mynai Rukh Lviv Inhulets Petrove
2020–21 Veres Rivne Chornomorets Odesa Metalist 1925 Kharkiv

Post-season play-offs


Post-season play-offs are not common feature of the First League competition. Over the years there were several instances when clubs contested promotion or relegation berths. The first post-season feature consisted of a relegation mini tournament that took place in July 1998 in Kyiv and Boryspil. It involved three group winners of the Second League and Bukovyna that placed 18th place in the First League. The tournament identified clubs which would qualify for the 1998–99 Ukrainian First League. The next year the league featured its first promotion play-off.

Promotion play-offs

SeasonPremier League teamScoreFirst League teamPlace
1998–99 Prykarpattia Ivano-Frankivsk 3–1 FC Cherkasy in Kyiv
2001–02 Polihraftekhnika Oleksandriya 1–0 Polissya Zhytomyr in Kyiv
2017–18 Zirka Kropyvnytskyi 1–1, 0–4 Desna Chernihiv home/away
Chornomorets Odesa 1–0, 0–3 (a.e.t.) FC Poltava
2018–19 Karpaty Lviv 0–0, 3–1 Volyn Lutsk home/away
Chornomorets Odesa 0–0, 0–2 Kolos Kovalivka

Relegation play-offs

SeasonFirst League teamScoreSecond League teamPlace
2010–11 Enerhetyk Burshtyn 2–0 PFC Sumy in Uman
2011–12 MFC Mykolaiv 4–3 Avanhard Kramatorsk in Khmelnytskyi
2012–13 FC Odesa 0–2, 1–4 Nyva Ternopil home/away
Dynamo-2 Kyiv 1–1, 1–0 Shakhtar Sverdlovsk
2014–15 MFC Mykolaiv 0–0, 1–0 Kremin Kremenchuk home/away
2015–16 FC Ternopil cancelled Bukovyna Chernivtsi home/away
2016–17 PFC Sumy 2–0, 1–1 Balkany Zoria home/away
2018–19 PFC Sumy 0–4, 1–3 FC Cherkashchyna-Akademiya home/away
Ahrobiznes Volochysk 0–1, 4–0 Metalurh Zaporizhia
2019–20 Metalurh Zaporizhia 0–2, 0–1 Alians Lypova Dolyna home/away
Cherkashchyna Cherkasy 1–1, 0–2 Veres Rivne

Statistics


Performance by club

Club Winner Runners-up Third place Seasons won
Dynamo-2 Kyiv 3 2 1 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01
Hoverla-Zakarpattia Uzhhorod 3 2 0 2003–04, 2008–09, 2011–12
Zirka Kirovohrad 3 0 0 1994–95, 2002–03, 2015–16
FC Oleksandriya 2 1 5 2010–11, 2014–15
FC Sevastopol 2 0 1 2009–10, 2012–13
Illichivets Mariupol 2 0 1 2007–08, 2016–17
Veres Rivne 2 0 1 1992 (group winner), 2020–21
Stal Alchevsk 1 2 4 2004–05
Volyn Lutsk 1 1 1 2001–02
MFC Mykolaiv 1 1 0 1997–98
Arsenal Kyiv 1 1 0 2017–18
Naftovyk-Ukrnafta Okhtyrka 1 0 2 2006–07
Zorya Luhansk 1 0 1 2005–06
Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih 1 0 0 1992 (group winner)
Nyva Vinnytsia 1 0 0 1992–93
Prykarpattia Ivano-Frankivsk 1 0 0 1993–94
Vorskla Poltava 1 0 0 1995–96
Metalurh Donetsk 1 0 0 1996–97
Olimpik Donetsk 1 0 0 2013–14
SC Dnipro-1 1 0 0 2018–19
FC Mynai 1 0 0 2019–20

Notes:

  indicates that the club does not have professional status.
  indicates that the club currently plays in the league.
  • ‡ – indicates a phoenix club of the original

League winners by region

Number Region Winners
5Kirovohrad OblastZirka Kropyvnytskyi (3), FC Oleksandriya (2)
4Donetsk OblastIllichivets Mariupol (2), Metalurh Donetsk, Olimpik Donetsk
4KyivDynamo-2 Kyiv (3), Arsenal Kyiv
4Zakarpattia OblastHoverla Uzhhorod (3), FC Mynai (1)
2SevastopolFC Sevastopol (2)
2Luhansk OblastStal Alchevsk, Zorya Luhansk
2Dnipropetrovsk OblastKryvbas Kryvyi Rih, SC Dnipro-1
2Rivne OblastVeres Rivne (2)
1Ivano-Frankivsk OblastPrykarpattia Ivano-Frankivsk
1Mykolaiv OblastMykolaiv
1Poltava OblastVorskla Poltava
1Sumy OblastNaftovyk-Ukrnafta Okhtyrka
1Vinnytsia OblastNyva Vinnytsia
1Volyn OblastVolyn Lutsk

All-time table

Top-20. All figures are correct through the 2019–20 season.[7] Club status is current of the 2020–21 season:

2020–21 Ukrainian Premier League
2020–21 Ukrainian First League
2020–21 Ukrainian Second League
2020–21 Ukrainian Football Amateur League
2020 Regional competitions
Club is defunct
PLTeamSeasonsGPWDLGSGAPtsAchievementPromFirstLast
1 Dynamo-2 Kyiv 25 888 403 219 266 1312 882 1428 Winner 1992 2015–16
2 Naftovyk-Ukrnafta Okhtyrka 24 856 378 201 277 1131 891 1335 Winner 1 1992–93 2017–18
3 Stal Alchevsk 21 752 361 155 236 1082 786 1238 Winner 2 1992 2014–15
4 Oleksandriya 18 652 312 164 176 903 595 1100 Winner 3 1992 2014–15
5 Mykolaiv 21 733 294 166 273 895 835 1048 Winner 2 1992–93 2019–20
6 Hoverla Uzhhorod 15 550 246 107 197 678 666 845 Winner 5 1992 2011–12
7 Volyn Lutsk 13 460 223 77 160 656 527 746 Winner 2 1996–97 2019–20
8 Desna Chernihiv 14 484 189 112 183 581 536 679 Runner-up 1 1992 2017–18
9 Obolon Kyiv 12 397 177 89 131 511 402 620 Runner-up 2 1999–00 2019–20
10 Elektrometalurh-NZF Nikopol 11 418 183 71 164 498 506 620 Runner-up 1992 2001–02
11 Helios Kharkiv (Kobra) 13 437 162 116 159 449 471 602 4th 2005–06 2017–18
12 Zirka Kropyvnytskyi 12 398 167 94 137 486 412 595 Winner 3 1994–95 2018–19
13 Bukovyna Chernivtsi 12 442 162 94 186 485 536 580 Runner-up 1994–95 2016–17
14 Nyva Vinnytsia 11 394 157 98 139 441 405 569 Winner 1 1992–93 2011–12
15 Polissya Zhytomyr 12 444 153 93 198 461 579 552 4th 1992 2004–05
16 CSKA Kyiv 13 464 153 88 223 433 586 547 5th 1992 2007–08
17 Dnipro Cherkasy 11 416 148 86 182 459 540 530 Runner-up 1992 2007–08
18 Podillya Khmelnytskyi 10 380 131 103 146 412 459 496 4th 1992 2006–07
19 Spartak Sumy 11 372 129 77 166 400 475 464 9th 1995–96 2006–07
20 Spartak Ivano-Frankivsk 9 320 128 76 116 369 348 460 Winner 1 1992–93 2006–07

People


Players

Among notable players of the league are its top scorers. The title of the league's top scorer earned on multiple occasions the following players, Serhiy Chuichenko (4 times, Polihraftekhnika Oleksandriya), Oleh Hrytsai (2 times, FC Cherkasy), Oleksandr Aliyev (2 times, Dynamo-2 Kyiv), Matviy Bobal (2 times, Ihroservis Simferopol), Oleksandr Akymenko (2 times, Stal / Inhulets).

All-time First League appearance leaders
Player Games Years
Andriy Tsvik 429 1992–2005
Bohdan Yesyp 401 1996–2013
Volodymyr Melnychenko 384[8] 1992–2007
Vadym Oliynyk 383 1992–2002
Yevhen Manko 380 1993–2004
Oleksandr Agarin 373 1993–2009
Oleksandr Kohutych 352 1992–2004
Serhiy Polushyn 343 1992–2005
Oleksiy Tarhonskyi 336 1992–2002
Vitaliy Vizaver 356 1996–2014
Players in bold are still playing in First League
Data as of 9 February 2021[9]
All-time Premier League scorers
Player Goals Games Years
Vadym Plotnikov 118 306 1992–2000
Serhiy Chuichenko 116 177 1993–2001
Oleksandr Akymenko 106 283 2007–2019
Bohdan Yesyp 101 401 1996–2013
Pavlo Onysko 91 206 2001–2012
Pavlo Parshyn 85 305 1992–2005
Matviy Bobal 79 202 2000–2012
Oleksandr Kosyrin 74 166 1996–2012
Viktor Arefyev 71 275 1993–2006
Volodymyr Melnychenko 68 384 1992–2007
Serhiy Kucherenko 68 251 2002–2013
Players in bold are still playing in First League
Data accurate as of 19 January 2018[10][11][12]

Managers

Season Nationality Winning manager Club Ref
1992  UKRViktor Nosov Veres Rivne [13]
 UKRVolodymyr Stryzhevskyi Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih [13]
1992–93  UKRYukhym Shkolnykov Nyva Vinnytsia [13]
1993–94  UKRIhor Yurchenko Prykarpattia Ivano-Frankivsk [13]
1994–95  UKROleksandr Ishchenko Zirka-NIBAS Kirovohrad [13]
1995–96  UKRViktor Pozhechevskyi Vorskla Poltava [13]
1996–97  UKRYevhen Korol Metalurh Donetsk [13]
1997–98  UKRAnatoliy Zayaev SC Mykolaiv [13]
1998–99  UKRValeriy Zuyev Dynamo-2 Kyiv
1999–00
2000–01  UKRVolodymyr Onyshchenko
2001–02  UKRVitaliy Kvartsyanyi Volyn-1 Lutsk [13]
2002–03  UKRYuriy Koval Zirka Kirovohrad [13]
2003–04  UKRViktor Ryashko Zakarpattia Uzhhorod [13]
2004–05  UKRAnatoliy Volobuyev Stal Alchevsk [13]
2005–06  UKRYuriy Koval Zorya Luhansk [13]
2006–07  UKRSerhiy Shevchenko Naftovyk-Ukrnafta Okhtyrka [13]
2007–08  UKROleksandr Ishchenko Illichivets Mariupol [13]
2008–09  UKRMykhailo Ivanytsia Zakarpattia Uzhhorod [13]
2009–10  UKROleh Leschynskyi PFC Sevastopol
2010–11  UKRVolodymyr Sharan PFC Oleksandriya
2011–12  UKROleksandr Sevidov Hoverla-Zakarpattia Uzhhorod
2012–13  RUSOleg Kononov PFC Sevastopol
2013–14  UKRRoman Sanzhar Olimpik Donetsk
2014–15  UKRVolodymyr Sharan FC Oleksandriya
2015–16  UKRSerhiy Lavrynenko Zirka Kirovohrad
2016–17  UKROleksandr Sevidov Illichivets Mariupol
2017–18  UKRSerhiy Litovchenko Arsenal Kyiv
2018–19  UKRDmytro Mykhaylenko SC Dnipro-1
2019–20  UKRVasyl Kobin FC Mynai

No manager has won the league more than two times. With 2 league titles there are Valeriy Zuyev (both Dynamo-2 Kyiv), Oleksandr Ishchenko (Zirka and Illichivets), Yuriy Koval (Zirka and Zorya), Oleksandr Sevidov (Hoverla and Illichivets), Volodymyr Sharan (both Oleksandriya).

Stadiums


Considered to be as second tier competitions, the league has number of big stadiums with capacity of 20,000+, among which the most notable are Metalist Stadium in Kharkiv, Dnipro-Arena in Dnipro, Ukraina Stadium in Lviv, Yuvileiny Stadium in Sumy and Shakhtar Stadium in Donetsk. Just before the Euro 2012, the First League clubs also played at the RSC Olimpiyskiy also located in Donetsk. Among smaller stadiums (10,000 20,000) are Central Stadium in Mykolaiv, Dynamo Stadium in Kyiv, Avanhard Stadium in Lutsk, Chernihiv Stadium in Chernihiv and Central Stadium in Cherkasy.

Attendance

Most attended games in the league (1992-2017) recorded at Yuvileiny Stadium (Sumy).[14]

# Season Attendance Home team Score Visiting team Stadium Ref
1 2002–03 29,300 Spartak Sumy 1:0 Naftovyk Okhtyrka Yuvileiny Stadium [14]
2 1997–98 27,000 Mykolaiv 1:0 Dynamo-2 Kyiv Tsentralnyi Stadion [14]
3 2002–03 25,200 Spartak Sumy 2:1 Shakhtar-2 Donetsk Yuvileiny Stadium [14]
4 2002–03 23,000 Spartak Sumy 1:0 Zirka Kirovohrad Yuvileiny Stadium [14]
5 2018–19 22,362 Metalist 1925 Kharkiv 1:2 Dnipro-1 OSC Metalist [15]
6 2005–06 21,000 Zorya Luhansk 1:0 Karpaty Lviv Avanhard Stadium [14]

The most attended seasons were in the beginning of the 1990s and the beginning of the 2000s.[14]

References


  1. Samotkan, Yu. First League: patience of Chuichenko, "corrections" of Plotnikov, and perspectives of Akymenko (Первая лига: спокойствие Чуйченко, "дорисовки" Плотникова и перспективы Акименко). Footboom. 19 January 2018
  2. Last one and half months worth several years (in Ukrainian)
  3. Original source on August 19, 2010 by Bohdan Biletsky (in Ukrainian)
  4. "FC Stal refuses to participate in Ukrainian Premier League". Interfax-Ukraine. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
  5. "In Ukrainian Premier League will be 14 teams: Oleksandriya do not need the elite division". LB. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  6. "Президент ФК Полтава Соболєв пояснив, чому прийняв рішення розпустити команду [The FC Poltava president Sobolev explained why he adopted decision to dissolve the team]". football24.ua. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  7. http://wildstat.ru/p/2104/cht/213/stat/summary Чемпионат Украины, первая лига (Суммарная таблица за все годы)
  8. Мельниченко: Богдан Есып – мой лучший партнёр на поле!. sports.ru.
  9. Jubilee of the record holder: how looks the situation with "old-timers" of the First League (Ювілей рекордсмена: як виглядає ситуація з «гвардійцями» Першої ліги?). Professional Football League of Ukraine. (pfl.ua). 9 February 2021
  10. Viktor Khakhlyuk. The Ukrainian First League: scorers and "old-timers" (Первая лига Украины: бомбардиры и гвардейцы). Sport.ua. 20 January 2012
  11. Yuriy Samotkan. The First League: composure of Chuichenko, "corrections" for Plotnikov, and perspectives for Akymenko (Первая лига: спокойствие Чуйченко, "дорисовки" Плотникова и перспективы Акименко). Footboom.com. 19 January 2018
  12. List of top scorers (unofficial compilation). footballfacts.ru.
  13. Vladimir Poyasniuk. Carpe diem. Persha Liha: top scorers, triumphators, runners-up, and loosers… (Carpe diem. Первая лига: Бомбардиры, триумфаторы, призёры и проигравшие…). UA-Football. 3 June 2009
  14. Valerko, A. Which game is the most attended in history of the Persha Liha? (Який матч – найвідвідуваніший в історії Першої ліги?). Sport Arena. 30 September 2016 (first ed.)
  15. https://sportarena.com/football/ukraina-pervaya-liga/match-metallist-1925-sk-dnepr-1-ustanovil-novyj/