Ulster Scots dialect

Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch, Irish: Albainis Ultach),[6][7] also known as Ulster Scotch, Scots-Irish[8] and Ullans, is the dialect of Scots spoken in parts of Ulster in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.[5][9][10] It is generally considered a dialect or group of dialects of Scots, although groups such as the Ulster-Scots Language Society[11] and Ulster-Scots Academy[12] consider it a language in its own right, and the Ulster-Scots Agency[13] and former Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure[14] have used the term Ulster-Scots language.

Ulster Scots
Ulstèr-Scotch, Ullans,
(Braid) Scots,[1][2] Scotch[3][4]
Native toIreland
EthnicityUlster Scots
Early forms
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byThe cross-border Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch, established as a result of the Good Friday Agreement
Language codes
ISO 639-3
(varieties: 52-ABA-aar to -aat)
Approximate boundaries of the traditional Scots language areas in Ulster, shaded in turquoise . Based on The Scotch-Irish Dialect Boundaries in Ulster (1972) by R. J. Gregg.[5]

Some definitions of Ulster Scots may also include Standard English spoken with an Ulster Scots accent.[15][16] This is a situation like that of Lowland Scots and Scottish Standard English[17] with words pronounced using the Ulster Scots phonemes closest to those of Standard English.[17] Ulster Scots has been influenced by Hiberno-English, particularly Ulster English, and by Ulster Irish. As a result of the competing influences of English and Scots, varieties of Ulster Scots can be described as "more English" or "more Scots".[16]

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