Unified Team at the Olympics


The Unified Team was the name used for the sports team of the former Soviet Union (except the Baltic states) at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The IOC country code was EUN, after the French name, Équipe unifiée. The Unified Team was sometimes informally called the CIS Team (Commonwealth of Independent States, as a counterpart of CIS national football team taking part in Euro 1992 of the same year), although Georgia did not join the CIS until 1993.

Unified Team at the
Olympics
IOC codeEUN
Summer appearances
1992
Winter appearances
1992
Other related appearances
 Russian Empire (1900–1912)
 Estonia (1920–1936, 1992–present)
 Latvia (1924–1936, 1992–present)
 Lithuania (1924–1928, 1992–present)
 Soviet Union (1952–1988)
 Armenia (1994–present)
 Belarus (1994–present)
 Georgia (1994–present)
 Kazakhstan (1994–present)
 Kyrgyzstan (1994–present)
 Moldova (1994–present)
 Russia (1994–2016)
 Ukraine (1994–present)
 Uzbekistan (1994–present)
 Azerbaijan (1996–present)
 Tajikistan (1996–present)
 Turkmenistan (1996–present)
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (2018)
 ROC (2020)

During the Winter Olympics, the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of the constituent countries had not yet been affiliated to the IOC due to the Dissolution of the Soviet Union having only taken place little more than two months prior, so the Olympic Flag was used in place of a national flag at the Opening Ceremony and at medals ceremonies, and the Olympic Hymn was played for gold medallists. By the time of the Summer Olympics, the NOCs had affiliated separately, though they fielded a joint team with a standard uniform as Olympic qualifying rounds had been completed before the final demise of the Soviet Union. Where an EUN individual won a medal, the national flag of the medallist's nation was raised rather than the Olympic flag, and a gold medallist's national anthem was played rather than the Olympic Hymn. In team sports, the EUN team continued to use the Olympic flag and the Olympic Hymn, as team members represented different nations.[1]

The team finished runner-up in the medal table at the 1992 Winter Games, and became the top ranked team at the 1992 Summer Games, edging its old rival the US in the latter.

Participating countries


While only six of the EUN countries took part in the 1992 Winter Olympics, all twelve participated in the 1992 Summer Olympics. At the 1994 Winter Olympics and the 1996 Summer Olympics, the nations that were part of the Unified Team started to make their Olympic debuts as independent countries.

The Unified Team's participating countries in the Summer games and the IOC codes used by them in subsequent Olympics
Country (former
Soviet republic)
IOC code
(1994)
 Armenia*ARM
 AzerbaijanAZE
 Belarus*BLR
 GeorgiaGEO
Kazakhstan*KAZ
KyrgyzstanKGZ
 MoldovaMDA
 Russia*RUS
TajikistanTJK
TurkmenistanTKM
 Ukraine*UKR
 Uzbekistan*UZB

* Unified Team participant in Winter games.

Timeline of participation

DateTeam
1900–1912 Russian Empire (RU1)
1920 Estonia (EST)
1924–1936 Latvia (LAT) Lithuania (LTU)
1952–1988 Soviet Union (URS)
1992 Unified Team (EUN) Estonia (EST) Latvia (LAT) Lithuania (LTU)
1994 Armenia (ARM) Belarus (BLR) Georgia (GEO) Kazakhstan (KAZ) Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) Moldova (MDA) Russia (RUS) Ukraine (UKR) Uzbekistan (UZB)
1996–2016 Azerbaijan (AZE) Tajikistan (TJK) Turkmenistan (TKM)
2018- Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)

Medal tables


Medals by games

Games Details Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1992 Albertville Winter OlympicsUnified Team at the 1992 Winter Olympics968232
1992 Barcelona Summer OlympicsUnified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics4538291121
Total544437135

Medals by summer sport

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Artistic gymnastics95418
Athletics711321
Wrestling65516
Swimming63110
Weightlifting5409
Shooting5218
Judo2024
Fencing1225
Canoeing1102
Handball1012
Rhythmic gymnastics1012
Basketball1001
Diving0213
Boxing0112
Modern pentathlon0112
Volleyball0101
Archery0022
Tennis0022
Rowing0011
Water polo0011
Totals (20 sports)453829112

Medals by winter sport

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Cross country skiing3249
Figure skating3115
Biathlon2226
Ice hockey1001
Freestyle skiing0101
Short track speed skating0011
Totals (6 sports)96823

Flag bearers


See also


References