United Russia

United Russia (Russian: Единая Россия, tr. Yedinaya Rossiya, IPA: [(j)ɪˈdʲinəjə rɐˈsʲijə]) is the ruling political party of Russia and has been since the early years of Vladimir Putin's presidency. United Russia is the largest party in Russia, and as of 2021 it holds 336 (or 74.66%) of the 450 seats in the State Duma, having constituted the majority in the chamber since 2007. The party formed in December 2001 through a merger of the Unity and the Fatherland – All Russia parties.

United Russia
Единая Россия
ChairmanDmitry Medvedev[1]
Secretary-GeneralAndrey Turchak
Parliamentary LeaderSergey Neverov
Founded1 December 2001; 19 years ago (2001-12-01)
Merger of
Headquarters39th Building, Kutuzovsky Prospekt, Moscow, Russia. 121170[2]
Youth wingYoung Guard of United Russia[3]
Membership (2013)2,073,772[4]
Political positionBig tent[13][a]
National affiliationAll-Russia People's Front
Colours  White,   Blue,   Red (Russian national colors)
Seats in the Federation Council[14]
142 / 170
Seats in the State Duma
324 / 450
58 / 85
Seats in the Regional Parliaments
2,849 / 3,980
20 / 31

^ a: United Russia does not have a coherent ideology but has been described by various sources as centrist,[5][15] centre-right,[16] or right-wing.[17][18]

United Russia, along with the party A Just Russia, supports the policies of President Vladimir Putin. Putin, despite not being the official leader of United Russia, operates as its de facto leader.[19] Since 2006 United Russia's popularity has been on the decline. The party peaked at a 64.4% in the 2007 Duma elections and gradually began falling to 49.32% in the 2011 elections. Despite the loss, it remained the most popular party in the country ahead of the second-placed Communist Party of the Russian Federation at 19.19%. In the 2016 elections, it received 54.2% while the second-place Communist Party received 13.3%. The party's ideology has been inconsistent, but it embraces specific politicians and officials[20] with a variety of political views who support Putin.[21] The party appeals mainly[22] to anti-communists, non-ideological voters, religious voters, and conservatives;[23] therefore, United Russia is often classified by political scientists as a "big-tent party"[24][25][26] or as a "party of power".[27][28] In 2009, it proclaimed Russian conservatism as its official ideology.[9][10]