United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight U.S. uniformed services, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the U.S. Constitution.[13] As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence,[14] the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed (14 June 1775) to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country.[15] After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army.[16][17] The United States Army considers itself to be a continuation of the Continental Army, and thus considers its institutional inception to be the origin of that armed force in 1775.[15]

United States Army

Military service mark of the United States Army[1]

Army Star logo[2]
Founded14 June 1775 (1775-06-14)[lower-alpha 1]
(246 years, 3 months ago)[3][4]
Country United States
TypeArmy
RolePrompt and sustained land combat
Combined arms operations Special operations
Set and sustain the theater for the joint force
Integrate national, multinational, and joint power on land
Size485,000 Regular Army personnel (2021)[5]
336,000 Army National Guard personnel (2021)
189,500 Army Reserve personnel (2021)[5]
1,005,725 total uniformed personnel
252,747 civilian personnel (30 September 2020)
1,258,472 total
4,406 manned aircraft[6]
Part ofUnited States Armed Forces
Department of the Army
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Motto(s)"This We'll Defend"
ColorsBlack, gold and white[7][8]
     
March"The Army Goes Rolling Along" Play 
Mascot(s)Army Mules
AnniversariesArmy Birthday: 14 June
EquipmentList of U.S. Army equipment
Engagements
WebsiteArmy.mil
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Joe Biden
Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin
Secretary of the Army Christine Wormuth
Chief of Staff GEN James C. McConville[10]
Vice Chief of Staff GEN Joseph M. Martin[11]
Sergeant Major of the Army SMA Michael A. Grinston[12]
Insignia
Flag
Field flag[lower-alpha 2]

The U.S. Army is a uniformed service of the United States and is part of the Department of the Army, which is one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense. The U.S. Army is headed by a civilian senior appointed civil servant, the secretary of the Army (SECARMY) and by a chief military officer, the chief of staff of the Army (CSA) who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It is the largest military branch, and in the fiscal year 2020, the projected end strength for the Regular Army (USA) was 480,893 soldiers; the Army National Guard (ARNG) had 336,129 soldiers and the U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) had 188,703 soldiers; the combined-component strength of the U.S. Army was 1,005,725 soldiers.[18] As a branch of the armed forces, the mission of the U.S. Army is "to fight and win our Nation's wars, by providing prompt, sustained land dominance, across the full range of military operations and the spectrum of conflict, in support of combatant commanders".[19] The branch participates in conflicts worldwide and is the major ground-based offensive and defensive force of the United States.