United States Central Command

The United States Central Command (USCENTCOM or CENTCOM) is one of the eleven unified combatant commands of the U.S. Department of Defense. It was established in 1983, taking over the previous responsibilities of the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (RDJTF).

United States Central Command (CENTCOM)
Emblem of the United States Central Command
Founded1 January 1983
(39 years, 9 months ago)
CountryUnited States of America
TypeUnified combatant command
RoleGeographic combatant command
Part ofDepartment of Defense
HeadquartersMacDill Air Force Base
Tampa, Florida, U.S.
Motto(s)Persistent Excellence[1]
EngagementsPersian Gulf War
Iraq War
War in Afghanistan
Operation Inherent Resolve
Commander GEN Michael E. Kurilla, USA
Deputy Commander Lt Gen Gregory M. Guillot, USAF
Senior Enlisted Leader FLTCM Derrick A. Walters, USN
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
NATO Map Symbol[2][3]

Its Area of Responsibility (AOR) includes the Middle East, including Egypt in Africa, and Central Asia and parts of South Asia. The command has been the main American presence in many military operations, including the Persian Gulf War's Operation Desert Storm in 1991, the War in Afghanistan, and the Iraq War from 2003 to 2011. As of 2015, CENTCOM forces were deployed primarily in Afghanistan under the auspices of Operation Freedom's Sentinel, which was itself part of NATO's Resolute Support Mission (from 2015 to 2021), and in Iraq and Syria as part of Operation Inherent Resolve since 2014 in supporting and advise-and-assist roles.

As of 1 April 2022, CENTCOM's commander is General Michael E. Kurilla, U.S. Army.[4][5]

Of all seven American regional unified combatant commands, CENTCOM is among four that are headquartered outside their area of operations (the other three being USAFRICOM, USSOUTHCOM, and USSPACECOM). CENTCOM's main headquarters is located at MacDill Air Force Base, in Tampa, Florida. A forward headquarters was established in 2002 at Camp As Sayliyah in Doha, Qatar, which in 2009 transitioned to a forward headquarters at Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar.

In January 2021, Israel became the 21st country of the AOR, added to another 20 nations including Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, and Yemen.[6]

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