United States House Committee on Financial Services


The United States House Committee on Financial Services, also referred to as the House Banking Committee and previously known as the Committee on Banking and Currency, is the committee of the United States House of Representatives that oversees the entire financial services industry, including the securities, insurance, banking and housing industries. The Financial Services Committee also oversees the work of the Federal Reserve, the United States Department of the Treasury, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and other financial services regulators.

House Financial Services Committee
Standing committee
Active

United States House of Representatives
117th Congress
History
FormedDecember 11, 1865
Leadership
ChairMaxine Waters (D)
Since January 3, 2019
Ranking memberPatrick McHenry (R)
Since January 3, 2019
Vice chairJake Auchincloss (D)
Since January 3, 2021
Structure
Seats54
Political partiesMajority (30)
  •   Democratic (30)
Minority (24)
Website
financialservices.house.gov

    The House Committee on Financial Services is one of the House's most powerful committees.

    It is currently chaired by Democrat Maxine Waters from California. Waters was elected as chair of the committee, and assumed office on January 3, 2019. The Ranking Member is Republican Patrick McHenry from North Carolina, he has served as the Ranking Member since January 3, 2019.

    Jurisdiction


    Under the rules of the 113th Congress, the Financial Services Committee's jurisdiction includes:

    1. Banks and banking, including deposit insurance and Federal monetary policy
    2. Economic stabilization, defense production, renegotiation, and control of the price of commodities, rents, and services
    3. Financial aid to commerce and industry (other than transportation)
    4. Insurance generally
    5. International finance
    6. International financial and monetary organizations
    7. Money and credit, including currency and the issuance of notes and redemption thereof; gold and silver, including the coinage thereof; valuation and revaluation of the dollar
    8. Public and private housing
    9. Securities and exchanges
    10. Urban development[1]

    History


    The Banking and Currency Committee was created on December 11, 1865, to take over responsibilities previously handled by the Ways and Means Committee. It continued to function under this name until 1968, when it assumed the current name.[2][3]

    Members, 117th Congress


    Majority Minority

    Resolutions electing members: H.Res. 9 (Chair), H.Res. 10 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 62 (D), H.Res. 63 (R), H.Res. 511 (R)

    Subcommittees


    Meeting of the House Financial Services Committee

    The Financial Services Committee operates with six subcommittees. The jurisdiction over insurance was transferred in 2001 to the then-House Banking and Financial Services Committee from the House Energy and Commerce Committee. Since that time it had been the purview of the Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Insurance and Government Sponsored Enterprises. But "with plans to reform Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac expected to take up much of that panel's agenda, insurance instead [was] moved to a new Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity [as of the 112th Congress]."[4] In the 115th Congress, a new subcommittee on Terrorism and Illicit Finance was created, dedicated to disrupting the financing of terrorist organizations.[5]

    Subcommittee Chair[6] Ranking Member[7]
    Consumer Protection and Financial Institutions Ed Perlmutter (D-CO) Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
    Diversity and Inclusion Joyce Beatty (D-OH) Ann Wagner (R-MO)
    Housing, Community Development and Insurance Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO) Steve Stivers (R-OH)
    Investor Protection, Entrepreneurship and Capital Markets Brad Sherman (D-CA) Bill Huizenga (R-MI)
    National Security, International Development and Monetary Policy Jim Himes (D-CT) French Hill (R-AR)
    Oversight and Investigations Al Green (D–TX) Andy Barr (R-KY)

    List of chairs


    Chairman Party State Years
    Theodore M. Pomeroy Republican New York 1865–1869
    James A. Garfield Republican Ohio 1869–1871
    Samuel Hooper Republican Massachusetts 1871–1873
    Horace Maynard Republican Tennessee 1873–1875
    Samuel S. Cox Democratic New York 1875–1877
    Aylett Hawes Buckner Democratic Missouri 1877–1881
    William W. Crapo Republican Massachusetts 1881–1883
    Aylett Hawes Buckner Democratic Missouri 1883–1885
    Andrew Gregg Curtin Democratic Pennsylvania 1885–1887
    Beriah Wilkins Democratic Ohio 1887–1889
    George W. E. Dorsey Republican Nebraska 1889–1891
    Henry Bacon Democratic New York 1891–1893
    William McK. Springer Democratic Illinois 1893–1895
    Joseph H. Walker Republican Massachusetts 1895–1899
    Marriott Henry Brosius Republican Pennsylvania 1899–1901
    Charles N. Fowler Republican New Jersey 1901–1909
    Edward B. Vreeland Republican New York 1909–1911
    Arsène Pujo Democratic Louisiana 1911–1913
    Carter Glass Democratic Virginia 1913–1918
    Michael Francis Phelan Democratic Massachusetts 1918–1919
    Edmund Platt Republican New York 1919–1920
    Louis Thomas McFadden Republican Pennsylvania 1920–1931
    Henry B. Steagall Democratic Alabama 1931–1943
    Brent Spence Democratic Kentucky 1943–1947
    Jesse P. Wolcott Republican Michigan 1947–1949
    Brent Spence Democratic Kentucky 1949–1953
    Jesse P. Wolcott Republican Michigan 1953–1955
    Brent Spence Democratic Kentucky 1955–1963
    Wright Patman Democratic Texas 1963–1975
    Henry S. Reuss Democratic Wisconsin 1975–1981
    Fernand St. Germain Democratic Rhode Island 1981–1989
    Henry B. Gonzalez Democratic Texas 1989–1995
    Jim Leach Republican Iowa 1995–2001
    Mike Oxley Republican Ohio 2001–2007
    Barney Frank Democratic Massachusetts 2007–2011
    Spencer Bachus Republican Alabama 2011–2013
    Jeb Hensarling Republican Texas 2013–2019
    Maxine Waters Democratic California 2019–present

    List of ranking members


    Chairman Party State Years
    John LaFalce Democratic New York 1999 - 2003
    Barney Frank Democratic Massachusetts 2003 - 2007
    Spencer Bachus Republican Alabama 2007 - 2011
    Barney Frank Democratic Massachusetts 2011 - 2013
    Maxine Waters Democratic California 2013 - 2019
    Patrick McHenry Republican North Carolina 2019 - present

    Historical membership rosters


    116th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Sources: H.Res. 7 (Chair), H.Res. 8 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 57 (D), H.Res. 68 (R), H.Res. 596 (R), H.Res. 801 (R)

    Subcommittees
    Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member
    Consumer Protection and Financial Institutions Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
    Diversity and Inclusion Joyce Beatty (D-OH) Ann Wagner (R-MO)
    Housing, Community Development and Insurance Lacy Clay (D-MO) Steve Stivers (R-OH)
    Investor Protection, Entrepreneurship and Capital Markets Brad Sherman (D-CA) Bill Huizenga (R-MI)
    National Security, International Development and Monetary Policy Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO) French Hill (R-AR)
    Oversight and Investigations Al Green (D–TX) Andy Barr (R-KY)

    115th Congress

    Majority Minority

    114th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Sources: H.Res. 6 (Chair), H.Res. 7 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 29 (R), H.Res. 45 (D)

    113th Congress

    Majority Minority

    112th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Source: https://financialservices.house.gov/uploadedfiles/113th_congress_membership.pdf

    111th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Source: https://financialservices.house.gov/uploadedfiles/111thmembers.pdf

    110th Congress

    Majority Minority

    109th Congress

    Majority Minority

    108th Congress

    Majority Minority

    107th Congress

    Majority Minority

    See also


    References


    1. "Jurisdiction". financialservices.house.gov. Financial Services Committee. Retrieved 25 February 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
    2. "Chapter 5. Records of the Banking and Currency Committees". Guide to the Records of the U.S. House of Representatives at the National Archives, 1789–1989 (Record Group 233). National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
    3. In at least the 96th Congress, the Committee title was Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/96th_United_States_Congress#Committees
    4. Lehmann, R.J. (2011-01-20). "Insurance gets top billing on new House subcommittee". SNL Financial. Archived from the original on 2011-01-27. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
    5. "Pearce to head committee on terrorism finances". The Arizona Republic. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
    6. Waters Opening Statement at Committee Organizational Meeting and Markup to Adopt Committee Rules
    7. McHenry Announces Republican Financial Services Subcommittee Assignments