University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California)[11][12] is a public land-grant research university in Berkeley, California. Established in 1868 as the University of California, it is the state's first land-grant university and the founding campus of the University of California system. Its fourteen colleges and schools offer over 350 degree programs and enroll some 32,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students.[6][13] Berkeley ranks among the world's top universities.[14]

University of California, Berkeley
Former names
University of California (1868–1958)
MottoFiat lux (Latin)
Motto in English
"Let there be light"
TypePublic land-grant research university
EstablishedMarch 23, 1868; 155 years ago (1868-03-23)[1]
Parent institution
University of California
Academic affiliations
Endowment$6.9 billion (2022)[2][3]
ChancellorCarol T. Christ
ProvostBenjamin E. Hermalin[4]
Total staff
23,524 (2020)[5]
Students45,307 (Fall 2022)[6]
Undergraduates32,479 (Fall 2022)[6]
Postgraduates12,828 (Fall 2022)[6]
Location, ,
United States

37°52′19″N 122°15′31″W[7]
CampusMidsize City[8]
Core Campus: 178 acres (72 ha)[9]
Total: 8,164 acres (3,304 ha)[3], 1,232 acres (499 ha)
NewspaperThe Daily Californian
Colors  Berkeley Blue
  California Gold[10]
NicknameGolden Bears
Sporting affiliations
MascotOski the Bear

A founding member of the Association of American Universities, Berkeley hosts many leading research institutes dedicated to science, engineering, and mathematics.[15] The university founded and maintains close relationships with three national laboratories at Berkeley, Livermore and Los Alamos,[16] and has played a prominent role in many scientific advances, from the Manhattan Project and the discovery of 16 chemical elements to breakthroughs in computer science and genomics.[17] Berkeley is also known for political activism and the Free Speech Movement of the 1960s.[18]

Berkeley's athletic teams, which compete as the California Golden Bears primarily in the Pac-12 Conference, have won 107 national championships, and its students and alumni have won 223 Olympic medals (including 121 gold medals).[19][20]

Among its alumni, faculty and researchers, Berkeley has more Nobel laureates (107),[21][22] Turing Award winners (25), Fields Medalists (14), and Wolf Prize winners (30) than any other public university in the nation; it is affiliated with 34 Pulitzer Prizes, 19 Academy Awards, and more MacArthur "Genius Grants" (108) and National Medals of Science (68) than any other public institution. The university has produced seven heads of state or government; six chief justices, including Chief Justice of the United States Earl Warren;[23] 22 cabinet-level officials; 11 governors; and 25 living billionaires.[24] It is also a leading producer of Fulbright Scholars, MacArthur Fellows, and Marshall Scholars.[25] Berkeley alumni, widely recognized for their entrepreneurship, have founded numerous notable companies, including Apple, Tesla, Intel, eBay, SoftBank, AIG, and Morgan Stanley.[26]

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