University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (Penn[12] or UPenn[13]) is a private Ivy League research university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadelphia, claims a founding date of 1740[note 1] and is one of the nine colonial colleges chartered prior to the U.S. Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Franklin, Penn's founder and first president, advocated an educational program that trained leaders in commerce, government, and public service, similar to a modern liberal arts curriculum with a practical perspective.[14]

University of Pennsylvania
Latin: Universitas Pennsylvaniensis
Former names
Academy and Charitable School in the Province of Pennsylvania (1751–1755)
College of Philadelphia (1755–1779, 1789–1791[1])
University of the State of Pennsylvania (1779–1791)
MottoLeges sine moribus vanae (Latin)
Motto in English
Laws without morals are useless
TypePrivate research university
EstablishedNovember 14, 1740; 280 years ago (1740-11-14)[note 1]
FounderBenjamin Franklin
Academic affiliations
Endowment$20.5 billion (2021)[5]
Budget$3.5 billion (2020)[6]
PresidentAmy Gutmann
ProvostWendell Pritchett
Board ChairmanScott L. Bok[7][8]
Academic staff
4,793 (2018)[9]
Students22,432 (Fall 2019)[10]
Undergraduates10,019 (Fall 2019)[10]
Postgraduates12,413 (Fall 2019)[10]
Location, ,
United States

39.95°N 75.19°W / 39.95; -75.19
CampusUrban, 1,085 acres (4.39 km2) total;
299 acres (1.21 km2), University City campus;
694 acres (2.81 km2), New Bolton Center;
92 acres (0.37 km2), Morris Arboretum
NewspaperThe Daily Pennsylvanian
ColorsPenn Red & Blue[11]
AthleticsNCAA Division I FCSIvy League
Philadelphia Big 5
City 6
MascotThe Quaker

Penn has four undergraduate schools as well as twelve graduate and professional schools. Schools enrolling undergraduates include the College of Arts and Sciences, the School of Engineering and Applied Science, the Wharton School, and the School of Nursing. Penn's "One University Policy" allows students to enroll in classes in any of Penn's twelve schools.[15] Among its highly ranked graduate and professional schools are a law school whose first professor wrote the first draft of the United States Constitution,[16] the first school of medicine in North America (Perelman School of Medicine, 1765), and the first collegiate business school (Wharton School, 1881).

Penn is also home to the first "student union" building and organization (Houston Hall, 1896), the first Catholic student club in North America (Newman Center, 1893),[17] the first double-decker college football stadium (Franklin Field, 1924 when second deck was constructed),[18][19] and Morris Arboretum, the official arboretum of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The first general-purpose electronic computer (ENIAC) was developed at Penn and formally dedicated in 1946. In 2019, the university had an endowment of $14.65 billion, the sixth-largest endowment of all private universities in the United States,[5] as well as a research budget of $1.02 billion.[9] The university's athletics program, the Quakers, fields varsity teams in 33 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference.

As of 2018, distinguished alumni and trustees include three U.S. Supreme Court justices, 32 U.S. senators, 46 U.S. governors, 163 members of the U.S. House of Representatives, eight signers of the Declaration of Independence[20][21] and seven signers of the U.S. Constitution,[22] 24 members of the Continental Congress, nine foreign heads of state,[note 2] and two presidents of the United States.[23] As of October 2019, 36 Nobel laureates, 80 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,[24] 64 living undergraduate alumni billionaires,[25] [26][27] 15 Marshall Scholars,[28] 29 Rhodes Scholars,[29] 16 Pulitzer Prize winners, 41 Olympic medal winners (who won 81 medals (26 of them gold)),[30][31] and five United States Medal of Honor recipients have been affiliated with the university.[32][33]