University of St Andrews

The University of St Andrews (Scots: University o St Andras, Scottish Gaelic: Oilthigh Chill Rìmhinn;[7] abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland and, following Oxford and Cambridge universities, the third-oldest university in the English-speaking world. St Andrews was founded in 1413 when the Avignon Antipope Benedict XIII issued a papal bull to a small founding group of Augustinian clergy. Along with the universities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Aberdeen, St Andrews was part of the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century.

University of St Andrews
Shield of the University of St Andrews
Latin: Universitas Sancti Andreae apud Scotos
Motto in English
Ever to Excel
Ever to be the Best
TypePublic research university Ancient university
Established1413; 608 years ago (1413)[2]
Endowment£95.6 million (2020)[3]
Budget£256.6 million (2019-20)[3]
ChancellorThe Lord Campbell of Pittenweem
RectorLeyla Hussein
PrincipalSally Mapstone
Academic staff
1,230 (2020) [4]
Administrative staff
Students10,535 (2019/20)[6]
Undergraduates8,470 (2019/20)[6]
Postgraduates2,065 (2019/20)[6]
CampusCollege town
ColoursUnited College, St Andrews

St Mary's College

School of Medicine

St Leonard's College

Universities Scotland
Universities UK
Wallace Group
Sutton 13
SportsUniversity of St Andrews Athletic Union

St Andrews is made up of a variety of institutions, comprising three colleges United College (a union of St Salvator's and St Leonard's Colleges), St Mary's College, and St Leonard's College, the last named being a non-statutory revival of St Leonard's as a post-graduate society. There are 18 academic schools organised into four faculties.[8] The university occupies historic and modern buildings located throughout the town. The academic year is divided into two semesters, Martinmas and Candlemas. In term time, over one-third of the town's population are either staff members or students of the university.[9] The student body is notably diverse: over 145 nationalities are represented with 45% of its intake from countries outside the UK; about one-eighth of the students are from the EU and the remaining third are from overseas—15% from North America alone.[10][11] The university's sport teams compete in BUCS competitions,[12] and the student body is known for preserving ancient traditions such as Raisin Weekend, May Dip, and the wearing of distinctive academic dress.[13]

It has been twice named "University of the Year" by The Times and Sunday Times' Good University Guide, one of only two UK universities to achieve this.[14][15] In 2021, St Andrews had the highest entry standards for undergraduate admission in the UK, attaining an average UCAS Entry Tariff of 208 points.[16] St Andrews has many notable alumni and affiliated faculty, including eminent mathematicians, scientists, theologians, philosophers, and politicians. Recent alumni include the former First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond; Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Civil Service Mark Sedwill; Chief of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) Alex Younger; former Secretary of State for Defence Sir Michael Fallon; Olympic cycling gold medalist Chris Hoy; Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations and former British Ambassador to China (2015-2020) Dame Barbara Woodward; author Alistair Reynolds and royals Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. Five Nobel Laureates are among St Andrews' alumni and former staff: three in Chemistry and two in Physiology or Medicine.