Urartu

Urartu (/ʊˈrɑːrt/) is a geographical region commonly used as the exonym for the Iron Age kingdom also known by the modern rendition of its endonym, the Kingdom of Van, centered around Lake Van in the historic Armenian Highlands. The kingdom rose to power in the mid-9th century BC, but went into gradual decline and was eventually conquered by the Iranian Medes in the early 6th century BC.[4] Since its re-discovery in the 19th century, Urartu, which is commonly believed to have been at least partially Armenian-speaking,[2][5][6][7] has played a significant role in Armenian nationalism.[8]

Kingdom of Urartu
Biainili[1]
860 BC  590 BC
Urartu, 9th–6th centuries BC
Capital
Common languages
Religion
Urartian Polytheism[3]
GovernmentMonarchy
 858–844
Aramu
 844-834(?)
Lutipri(?)
 834–828
Sarduri I
 828–810
Ishpuini
 810–785
Menua
 785–753
Argishti I
 753–735
Sarduri II
 735-714
Rusa I
 714-680
Argishti II
 680-639
Rusa II
 639-635
Sarduri III
 629–590 or 629-615
Rusa III
 615–595
Sarduri IV
 590–585
Rusa IV
Historical eraIron Age
 Established
860 BC 
 Median conquest
 590 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Nairi
Median Empire
Satrapy of Armenia