Utrecht

Utrecht (/ˈjtrɛkt/ YOO-trekt,[6][7] Dutch: [ˈytrɛxt] (listen)) is the fourth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht. It is located in the eastern corner of the Randstad conurbation, in the very centre of mainland Netherlands; it had a population of 357,179 as of 2019.[8]

Utrecht
Photographs of the city, with the Dom Tower of St. Martin's Cathedral in the centre
Location of Utrecht in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°5′N 5°7′E
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceUtrecht
Government
  BodyMunicipal council
  MayorSharon Dijksma (PvdA)
Area
  Municipality99.21 km2 (38.31 sq mi)
  Land93.83 km2 (36.23 sq mi)
  Water5.38 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
  Randstad3,043 km2 (1,175 sq mi)
Elevation5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (29 February 2020)[2][4][5]
  Municipality358,454
  Density3,807/km2 (9,860/sq mi)
  Urban
489,734
  Metro
656,342
  Randstad
6,979,500
Demonym(s)Utrechter(s) [nb 1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
3450–3455, 3500–3585
Area code030
Websitewww.utrecht.nl

Utrecht's ancient city centre features many buildings and structures, several dating as far back as the High Middle Ages. It has been the religious centre of the Netherlands since the 8th century. It was the most important city in the Netherlands until the Dutch Golden Age, when it was surpassed by Amsterdam as the country's cultural centre and most populous city.

Utrecht is host to Utrecht University, the largest university in the Netherlands, as well as several other institutions of higher education. Due to its central position within the country, it is an important transport hub for both rail and road transport; it contains the busiest train station in the Netherlands, Utrecht Centraal. It has the second-highest number of cultural events in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam.[9] In 2012, Lonely Planet included Utrecht in the top 10 of the world's unsung places.[10]