Uusikaupunki (Finnish: [ˈuːsiˌkɑu̯puŋki]; Swedish: Nystad) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Southwest Finland region, 71 kilometres (44 mi) northwest of Turku and 97 kilometres (60 mi) south of Pori. The municipality has a population of 15,457 (31 March 2021) and covers an area of 551.65 square kilometres (212.99 sq mi) of which 49.04 km2 (18.93 sq mi) is inland water. The population density is 30.75 inhabitants per square kilometre (79.6/sq mi).
Location of Uusikaupunki in Finland
|• Town manager||Atso Vainio|
|• Town||1,932.42 km2 (746.11 sq mi)|
|• Land||502.61 km2 (194.06 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,430.07 km2 (552.15 sq mi)|
|• Metro||502.49 km2 (194.01 sq mi)|
|Area rank||173rd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||73rd largest in Finland|
|• Density||30.75/km2 (79.6/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.8% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||13.3%|
|• 15 to 64||57.4%|
|• 65 or older||29.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20.75%|
The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Both its Finnish and Swedish names translate literally to "new town". The original name of the main village that was incorporated into Uusikaupunki was Kalainen (roughly translated from Finnish as "rich in fish"). The surrounding region, and especially the neighboring town of Kalanti, which merged with Uusikaupunki in 1993, was already a lively marketplace for wooden objects and salt in the early Middle Ages. Uusikaupunki was founded to legalize this trade.
The town of Uusikaupunki was founded as a town with the rights of commerce in 1617 by decree by Gustav II Adolf. In 1721, the Peace of Nystad was signed in Uusikaupunki, ending the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia, but as the Crimean War broke out in 1853, Uusikaupunki was attacked by French Navy and British Navy in 1855 during the Åland War. Up to the 19th century, Uusikaupunki was an important port for commerce and fishing, and up to the latter half of the 20th century, the Port of Uusikaupunki retained an important ship-building industry.
Uusikaupunki is the home of Valmet Automotive, a contract automobile mechanical production company, producing cars and vehicles for brands such as Mercedes-Benz. It was founded in 1968 as Saab-Valmet for manufacturing Saab cars. As of June 2017, Valmet is assembling Mercedes-Benz A-Class and Mercedes-Benz GLC-Class cars. Today, Valmet is one of the largest and most significant employers in Uusikaupunki.
Uusikaupunki is home to the Bonk museum.
The results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Uusikaupunki were:
- Social Democratic Party 26.6%
- True Finns 23.4%
- National Coalition Party 19.6%
- Centre Party 13.1%
- Left Alliance 8.1%
- Christian Democrats 4.2%
- Green League 2.3%
- Communist Party of Finland 0.7%
- Swedish People's Party 0.6%
- Aimo Cajander, Prime Minister of Finland (1922, 1924, 1937–39)
- Bernhard Henrik Crusell, virtuoso clarinetist and composer
- Robert Wilhelm Ekman, painter
- Anna Eriksson, singer
- Joni Haverinen (born 1987), ice hockey player
- Gordon Herbert, basketball coach and former player
- Eetu Koski (born 1992), ice hockey player
- Jarmo Kuusisto (born 1961), ice hockey player
- Gerald Lee Sr., former basketball player
- Gerald Lee Jr., basketball player
- Aleksi Lehtonen, Archbishop of Finland (1945–1951)
- Johan Jakob Nervander, physicist, meteorologist and poet (1805–1848)
- Ilmari Saarelainen, actor
- Martti Simojoki, Archbishop of Finland (1964–78)
- Kari Takko, (born 1962) ice hockey goaltender
Points of interest
Twin towns – sister cities
Uusikaupunki is twinned with:
- Antsla, Estonia
- Haderslev, Denmark
- Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia
- Sandefjord, Norway
- Szentendre, Hungary
- Varberg, Sweden
The town was co-host of the 1982 FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship for Women.
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "1033–1034 (Pieni Tietosanakirja / IV. San Remo – Öölanti)". Runeberg.org. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- "Uusikaupunki – Uudenkaupungin historian lyhyt oppimäärä". 7 October 2013. Archived from the original on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- IL: Valmet Automotive käynnistää 1 000 henkilön jättirekrytoinnin (in Finnish)
- "Bonk Museum". Bonkcentre.fi. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "Karilla". Karilla.fi. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "Suomen kuntien ystävyyskunnat Virossa" (in Finnish). Embassy of Finland, Tallinn. Retrieved 1 December 2017.