Uxbridge (UK Parliament constituency)


Uxbridge was a seat returning one Member of Parliament (MP) of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1885 to 2010. Its MPs elected were: Conservative Party candidates for 107 years and Labour Party candidates for 18 years. The closing 40 years of the seat's history saw Conservative victory in 1997 on a very marginal majority in relative terms.

Uxbridge
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Uxbridge in Greater London for the 2005 general election
CountyGreater London
Major settlementsUxbridge
18852010
Number of membersOne
Replaced byUxbridge and South Ruislip and Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner
Created fromMiddlesex
During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:Spelthorne (1918)

Southall (1945)

Ruislip-Northwood
and Hayes and Harlington (1950)

The seat began with the market towns Uxbridge and Staines shedding the latter and its southern half in 1918; by 1945 more new seats were needed. Its eastern area merited Southall and the loss of Northolt to Ealing West (all new seats) and in 1950 of Ruislip, Northwood and Harefield to become Ruislip-Northwood and of Hayes and Harlington, taking up eastern territory and some of that lost in 1918. In each possible boundary reform the seat was reduced reflecting population expansion of areas outlying its core area of Uxbridge and interwoven Hillingdon, Cowley and Ickenham.

Boundaries


Original UK House of Commons seat Uxbridge created in 1885, before major reduction in 1918 and later reductions.

1885–1918: The parliamentary constituency of Uxbridge was created as the westernmost county division of the county of Middlesex. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 defined the seat as comprising the parishes of Ashford*, Bedfont, Cowley, Cranford, Feltham, Hampton, Hampton Wick, Hanworth, Harefield, Harlington, Harmondsworth, Hayes, Hillingdon East, Hillingdon West, Ickenham, Laleham*, Littleton*, Northolt, Ruislip, Shepperton*, Staines*, Stanwell*, Sunbury*, Teddington, Uxbridge, West Drayton, and Yiewsley. The shape of the seat was irregular and it stretched more than three times the maximum length than its final form and twice its breadth.[1]

The parishes (as various successor urban districts) marked * were absorbed into Surrey and the others absorbed into Greater London, in 1965.

Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, boundaries 1918-45
Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, boundaries 1945-50
Map that gives each named seat and any constant electoral success for national (Westminster) elections for Middlesex, 1955 to 1974.

1918–1945: Uxbridge was cut down to be a north-western division of Middlesex. Large areas to the south were removed to form Spelthorne (UK Parliament constituency).

The local government areas in the new Uxbridge seat were defined, by the Representation of the People Act 1918, as the urban districts of Hayes, Ruislip-Northwood, Southall-Norwood, Uxbridge, and Yiewsley as well as the Uxbridge Rural District.

1945–1950: included in 1945's interim redistribution of seats with more than 100,000 registered electors. Reduced to the urban districts of Ruislip-Northwood and Uxbridge. This saw contributions to two new seats: Southall, almost its whole; Ealing West, (as to Northolt); a cast-off for five years to Spelthorne of southerly Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District.

1950–1974: Under 1950 redistribution, Ruislip-Northwood became a new seat in the north and north-east. Uxbridge with immediate neighbours north south and east (together forming the Municipal Borough of Uxbridge in 1955) was re-united with Yiewsley and West Drayton, to form the last incarnation of the county division.

In 1965 saw the last major Local Government reform. Area covered became part of the London Borough of Hillingdon.

1974–1983: The seat was re-classified as a borough constituency. Its wards were for approximately an identical area as before: Colham-Cowley, Harefield, Hillingdon East, Hillingdon West, Ickenham, Uxbridge, and Yiewsley.

1983–1997: ward names in local government, not coverage, changed to: Colham, Cowley, Harefield, Hillingdon East, Hillingdon North, Hillingdon West, Ickenham, Uxbridge North, Uxbridge South, West Drayton, and Yiewsley.

1997–2010: Harefield ward was lost to Ruislip-Northwood, list/extent above (1983-1997) otherwise unchanged.

Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in North London, the Boundary Commission for England created a new constituency of Uxbridge and South Ruislip.

A number of electoral wards in Hillingdon were moved into the new constituency of Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner

Members of Parliament


ElectionMember[2]PartyNotes
1885 Sir Frederick Dixon-Hartland, Bt Conservative before 1892: Frederick Hartland
Jan 1910 Hon. Charles Mills Conservative died on Western Front (World War I), Hulluch, France
1915 b-e Hon. Arthur Mills Unionist brother of above. Succeeded as Baron Hillingdon, 1919.
1918 Col. Sidney Peel Unionist
1922 Dennistoun Burney Unionist more often called Dennis Burney. Succeeded as a Baronet, 1929, year of his retirement from Parliament.
1929 Col. John Llewellin Conservative elevated as a peer in 1945
1945 Frank Beswick Labour elevated as a peer in 1964
1959 Charles Curran Conservative
1966 John Ryan Labour
1970 Charles Curran Conservative
1972 by-election Michael Shersby Conservative Sir Michael Shersby from 1995. Died 7 days after re-election in 1997.
1997 by-election John Randall Conservative Knighted in 2013; elevated as a peer in 2018.

Election results


Elections in the 1880s

Dixon-Hartland
General election 1885: Uxbridge[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Dixon-Hartland 5,093 66.1
Liberal James Pellatt Rickman 2,615 33.9
Majority 2,478 32.2
Turnout 7,708 77.8
Registered electors 9,902
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Dixon-Hartland Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Dixon-Hartland 5,172 71.8 N/A
Liberal Leslie Probyn 2,029 28.2 New
Majority 3,143 43.6 N/A
Turnout 7,201 61.3 N/A
Registered electors 11,739
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Dixon-Hartland Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Dixon-Hartland Unopposed
Conservative hold
Pocock
General election 1906: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Dixon-Hartland 6,429 50.6 N/A
Liberal Sidney Job Pocock 6,284 49.4 New
Majority 145 1.2 N/A
Turnout 12,713 79.8 N/A
Registered electors 15,936
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

Mills
General election January 1910: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Mills 10,116 65.2 +14.6
Liberal Sidney Job Pocock 5,408 34.8 -14.6
Majority 4,708 30.4 +29.2
Turnout 15,524 88.0 +8.2
Conservative hold Swing +14.6
General election December 1910: Uxbridge[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Mills 9,005 67.8 +2.6
Liberal Manmath Chandra Mallik 4,286 32.2 -2.6
Majority 4,719 35.6 +5.2
Turnout 13,291 75.4 -12.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.6
1915 Uxbridge by-election[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Arthur Mills Unopposed
Unionist hold
Harry Gosling
General election 1918: Uxbridge[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist *Sidney Peel 9,814 59.1 N/A
Labour Harry Gosling 6,251 37.6 New
Liberal Norman Mackenzie Snowball 545 3.3 New
Majority 3,563 21.5 N/A
Turnout 16,610 55.9 N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Uxbridge[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Dennistoun Burney 12,391 52.7 -6.4
Labour William Brown 7,292 31.0 -5.6
National Liberal F. S. Evans 3,844 16.3 New
Majority 5,099 21.7 +0.2
Turnout 23,527 73.0 +17.1
Unionist hold Swing
Hutchison
General election 1923: Uxbridge[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Dennistoun Burney 9,254 40.6 -12.1
Liberal Graham Seton Hutchison 7,423 32.5 +16.2
Labour Robert Small 6,146 26.9 -4.1
Majority 1,831 8.1 -13.6
Turnout 22,823 66.6 -6.4
Unionist hold Swing -14.2
General election 1924: Uxbridge[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Dennistoun Burney 13,525 52.1 +11.5
Labour Robert Small 8,459 32.6 +5.7
Liberal John Stanley Griffith-Jones 3,976 15.3 -17.2
Majority 5,066 19.5 +11.4
Turnout 25,960 71.8 +5.2
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1929: Uxbridge[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Llewellin 17,770 41.2 -10.9
Labour Reginald Bridgeman 16,422 38.2 +5.6
Liberal Richard Christian Cecil James Binney 8,847 20.6 +5.3
Majority 1,348 3.0 -16.5
Turnout 43,039 72.2 +0.4
Unionist hold Swing -8.2

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Uxbridge[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Llewellin 35,836 71.96
Labour Lawrence M. Worsnop 11,609 23.31
Workers Reginald Bridgeman 2,358 4.73 New
Majority 24,227 48.65
Turnout 49,803 68.36
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Llewellin 34,727 54.06
Labour Lawrence M. Worsnop 24,000 37.36
Liberal William Ridgway 5,514 8.58 New
Majority 10,727 16.70
Turnout 64,241 65.20
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frank Beswick 25,190 43.74
Conservative John Llewellin 24,106 41.85
Liberal John Ernest Aylett 8,300 14.41
Majority 1,084 1.89 N/A
Turnout 57,596 73.93
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frank Beswick 20,139 48.16
Conservative C.B. Thorne 17,741 42.43
Liberal John Ernest Aylett 3,933 9.41
Majority 2,398 5.73
Turnout 41,813 84.56
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General election 1951: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frank Beswick 21,249 49.14
Conservative Charles Curran 19,701 45.56
Liberal Lucien Fior 2,289 5.29
Majority 1,548 3.58
Turnout 43,239 84.75
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General election 1955: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frank Beswick 22,244 51.00
Conservative Charles Curran 21,368 49.00
Majority 876 2.00
Turnout 43,612 81.71
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General election 1959: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Curran 22,360 46.51
Labour Co-op Frank Beswick 20,970 43.62
Liberal Gordon Robert Goodall 4,746 9.87 New
Majority 1,390 2.89 N/A
Turnout 48,076 84.35
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Curran 20,519 43.63
Labour Thomas J. Parker 19,866 42.24
Liberal Gordon Robert Goodall 6,644 14.13
Majority 653 1.39
Turnout 47,029 80.77
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Ryan 21,793 45.46
Conservative Charles Curran 20,903 43.61
Liberal Gordon Robert Goodall 5,241 10.93
Majority 890 1.85 N/A
Turnout 47,937 82.55
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Curran 23,414 49.35 +5.74
Labour John Ryan 19,768 41.66 -3.80
Liberal Gordon Robert Goodall 4,265 8.99 -1.94
Majority 3,646 7.68 N/A
Turnout 47,447 74.95
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
1972 Uxbridge by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 14,178 42.31 -7.04
Labour Manuela Sykes 13,000 38.79 -2.87
Liberal Ian Stuart 3,650 10.89 +1.90
National Front John Clifton 2,920 8.71 New
Union Movement Dan Harmston 873 2.60 New
National Independence Clare Macdonald 551 1.64 New
Democratic Conservative against the Common Market Reginald Simmerson 341 1.02 New
Majority 1,178 3.52 -4.16
Turnout 35,513
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 20,542 42.08
Labour Manuela Sykes 18,127 37.13
Liberal J.S. Pincham 10,150 20.79
Majority 2,415 4.95
Turnout 48,819 82.48
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 19,969 44.51 +2.43
Labour G.E. Pringle 17,816 39.71 +2.58
Liberal J.S. Pincham 7,081 15.78 -5.01
Majority 2,153 4.80 -0.15
Turnout 44,866 75.09 -7.39
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1979: Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 24,967 52.49 +7.98
Labour G.E. Pringle 16,972 35.68 -4.03
Liberal Jonathan Hunt 5,031 10.58 -5.20
National Front P. Budgen 595 1.25 New
Majority 7,995 16.81 +12.01
Turnout 47,565 78.86 +3.77
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1983: Uxbridge[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 23,875 53.62 +1.13
SDP P. Russell 11,038 24.79 +14.21
Labour P.J. Magee 9,611 21.59 -14.09
Majority 12,837 28.83 +12.02
Turnout 44,524 72.26 -6.60
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1987: Uxbridge[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 27,292 56.47 +2.85
Labour David Keys 11,322 23.43 +1.84
SDP Anthony Goodman 9,164 18.96 -5.83
Green Ian Flindall 549 1.14 New
Majority 15,970 33.04 +4.21
Turnout 48,327 76.52 +4.26
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1992: Uxbridge[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 27,487 56.44 -0.03
Labour Robert Evans 14,308 29.38 +5.95
Liberal Democrats SJ Carey 5,900 12.11 -6.85
Green Ian Flindall 538 1.10 -0.04
BNP Michael O'Rourke 350 0.72 New
Natural Law A Deans 120 0.25 New
Majority 13,179 27.06 -5.98
Turnout 48,703 78.88 +2.36
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1997: Uxbridge[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shersby 18,095 43.5
Labour David Williams 17,371 41.8
Liberal Democrats Andrew Malyan 4,528 10.9
Referendum Garrick Aird 1,153 2.8 New
Socialist Alternative Julia Leonard 398 1.0 New
Majority 724 1.7
Turnout 41,545 72.3
Conservative hold Swing
1997 Uxbridge by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Randall 16,288 51.1 +7.6
Labour Andy Slaughter 12,522 39.3 −2.5
Liberal Democrats Keith Kerr 1,792 5.6 −5.3
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 396 1.3 New
Socialist Alternative Julia Leonard 259 0.8 −0.1
BNP Frances Taylor 205 0.7 New
National Democrats Ian Anderson 157 0.5 New
National Front John McAuley 110 0.3 New
Independent Liberal Henry Middleton 69 0.2 New
UKIP James Feisenberger 39 0.1 New
Rainbow Dream Ticket Ronnie Carroll 30 0.1 New
Majority 3,766 11.8 +10.1
Turnout 31,867 55.2 -16.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2001: Uxbridge[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Randall 15,751 47.1 +3.6
Labour David Salisbury-Jones 13,653 40.9 -0.9
Liberal Democrats Catherine Royce 3,426 10.3 −0.6
UKIP Paul Cannons 588 1.8 N/A
Majority 2,098 6.2 +4.5
Turnout 33,418 57.5 -14.8
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2005: Uxbridge[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Randall 16,840 49.0 +1.9
Labour Roderick Dubrow-Marshall 10,669 31.0 −9.9
Liberal Democrats Tariq Mahmood 4,544 13.2 +2.9
BNP Cliff le May 763 2.2 New
Green Stephen Young 725 2.1 New
UKIP Robert Kerby 553 1.6 −0.2
National Front Peter Shaw 284 0.8 New
Majority 6,171 18.0 +11.8
Turnout 34,378 59.4 +1.9
Conservative hold Swing +5.9

See also


References


  1. The seat span approximately 18.5 miles from the north of Harefield on the Hertfordshire border to the Surrey border at Hampton Court Park and 9 miles from the west of Staines to the east of Teddington. Its final form had a greatest ambit of approximately 5.0 miles from north Ickenham to south West Drayton and 3.0 miles east-to-west.
  2. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "U"
  3. Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 350. ISBN 9781349022984.
  4. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 429. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
  7. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  8. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  9. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  10. "UK General Election results: April 1992 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  11. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.