Valladolid

Valladolid (/ˌvælədəˈld, -ˈlɪd, ˌbɑːjə-/, Spanish: [baʎaðoˈlið] (listen)) is a city in Spain and the primary seat of government of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It has a population of 309,714 people (2013 est.),[2] making it Spain's 13th most populous municipality and northwestern Spain's biggest city. Its metropolitan area ranks 20th in Spain with a population of 414,244 people in 23 municipalities.

Valladolid
Aerial view of Valladolid
Anthem: Himno a Valladolid
Valladolid
Location of Valladolid within Spain / Castile and León
Valladolid
Valladolid (Castile and León)
Valladolid
Valladolid (Europe)
Coordinates: 41°39′10″N 4°43′25″W
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCastile and León
ProvinceValladolid
Founded1072
Government
  Typeayuntamiento
  BodyAyuntamiento de Valladolid
  MayorÓscar Puente (since 2015)
Area
  Total197.47 km2 (76.24 sq mi)
Elevation
698 m (2,290 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total298,866
  Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Vallisoletan
Vallisoletano, -a
pucelano, -a
(informal)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
47001–47016
Dialing code983
Websitewww.valladolid.es

The city is situated at the confluence of the Pisuerga and Esgueva rivers 15 km (9.3 mi) before they join the Duero, and located within five winegrowing regions: Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Toro, Tierra de León, and Cigales. Valladolid was originally settled in pre-Roman times by the Celtic Vaccaei people, and later the Romans themselves. It remained a small settlement until being re-established by King Alfonso VI of Castile as a Lordship for the Count Pedro Ansúrez in 1072. It grew to prominence in the Middle Ages as the seat of the Court of Castile and being endowed with fairs and different institutions as a collegiate church, University (1241), Royal Court and Chancery and the Royal Mint. The city was briefly the capital of Habsburg Spain under Phillip III between 1601 and 1606, before returning indefinitely to Madrid. The city then declined until the arrival of the railway in the 19th century, and with its industrialisation into the 20th century.

The old town is made up of a variety of historic houses, palaces, churches, plazas, avenues and parks, and includes the National Museum of Sculpture as well as the houses of Zorrilla and Cervantes which are open as museums. Among the events that are held each year in the city are the famous Holy Week, Valladolid International Film Festival (Seminci), and the Festival of Theatre and Street Arts (TAC).