Valletta

Valletta (/vəˈlɛtə/, Maltese: il-Belt Valletta, Maltese pronunciation: [vɐˈlːɛtːɐ]) is the administrative unit and capital of Malta. Located on the main island, between Marsamxett Harbour to the west and the Grand Harbour to the east, its population within administrative limits in 2014 was 6,444.[3] According to the data from 2020 by Eurostat, the Functional Urban Area and metropolitan region covered the whole island and has a population of 480,134.[2][4] Valletta is the southernmost capital of Europe,[5][note 1] and at just 0.61 square kilometres (0.24 sq mi), it is the European Union's smallest capital city.[6][7]

Valletta
Il-Belt Valletta
Nickname: 
Il-Belt
Motto: 
City Built By Gentlemen For Gentlemen
Valletta
Map of the Maltese Archipelago with Valletta
Valletta
Valletta (European Union)
Valletta
Valletta (Mediterranean)
Coordinates: 35°53′54″N 14°30′45″E[1]
CountryMalta
RegionSouth Eastern Region
DistrictSouthern Harbour District
Capital city18 March 1571
Founded byJean de Parisot Valette
BordersFloriana
Government
  MayorAlfred Zammit (PL)
Area
  Local council0.61 km2 (0.24 sq mi)
  Urban
256 km2 (99 sq mi)
Elevation
56 m (184 ft)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)
  Local council5,827
  Density9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
  Urban
480,134[2]
Demonym(s)Belti (m), Beltija (f), Beltin (pl) or Vallettan (m), Vallettana (f), Vallettani (pl)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
VLT
Dialing code356
ISO 3166 codeMT-60
Patron saintsSt. Dominic
Our Lady of Mount Carmel
St. Paul
St. Augustine
Day of festa3 August
10 February
WebsiteOfficial website
Official nameCity of Valletta
CriteriaCultural: i, vi
Reference131
Inscription1980 (4th Session)
Area55.5 ha

Valletta's 16th-century buildings were constructed by the Knights Hospitaller. The city was named after Jean Parisot de Valette, who succeeded in defending the island from an Ottoman invasion during the Great Siege of Malta. The city is Baroque in character, with elements of Mannerist, Neo-Classical and Modern architecture, though the Second World War left major scars on the city, particularly the destruction of the Royal Opera House. The city was officially recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.[8] Today, with 320 monuments, is one of the most dense monuments areas in the world.[8] Sometimes called an "open-air museum",[9] Valletta was chosen as the European Capital of Culture in 2018. Valletta is also the sunniest city in Europe.[10][11]

The city is noted for its fortifications, consisting of bastions, curtains and cavaliers, along with the beauty of its Baroque palaces, gardens and churches.


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