Vicenza

Vicenza (/vɪˈɛntsə/ vih-CHENT-sə, Italian: [viˈtʃɛntsa] (listen); Venetian: Vicensa [viˈtʃeŋsa]) is a city in northeastern Italy. It is in the Veneto region at the northern base of the Monte Berico, where it straddles the Bacchiglione River. Vicenza is approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Venice and 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of Milan.

Vicenza
Vicensa  (Venetian)
Città di Vicenza
A collage of Vicenza showing: the Villa Capra "La Rotonda", the classical temple in the Parco Querini, a panorama of the city from the Monte Berico, the Piazza dei Signori and the Renaissance Basilica Palladiana.
Location of Vicenza
Vicenza
Location of Vicenza in Italy
Vicenza
Vicenza (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°33′N 11°33′E
CountryItaly
RegionVeneto
ProvinceProvince of Vicenza (VI)
Government
  MayorFrancesco Rucco (Centre-right)
Area
  Total80 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation
39 m (128 ft)
Population
 (30 June 2017)[2]
  Total111,980
  Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Vicentini
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
36100
Dialing code0444
Patron saintMadonna of Monte Berico
Saint daySeptember 8
WebsiteOfficial website
Vicenza
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Piazza dei Signori
Part ofCity of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto
CriteriaCultural: i, ii
Reference712-001
Inscription1994 (18th Session)
Area218 ha

Vicenza is a thriving and cosmopolitan city, with a rich history and culture, and many museums, art galleries, piazzas, villas, churches and elegant Renaissance palazzi. With the Palladian Villas of the Veneto in the surrounding area, and his renowned Teatro Olimpico (Olympic Theater), the "city of Palladio" has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994.[3]

In December 2008, Vicenza had an estimated population of 115,927[4] and a metropolitan area of 270,000. Vicenza is the third-largest Italian industrial centre as measured by the value of its exports, and is one of the country's wealthiest cities,[3][5] in large part due to its textile and steel industries, which employ tens of thousands. Additionally, about one fifth of the country's gold and jewelry is made in Vicenza, greatly contributing to the city's economy. Another important sector is the engineering/computer components industry (Federico Faggin, the microprocessor's co-inventor, was born in Vicenza).[6]