|Part of the Politics series|
|Basic forms of government|
In the scope of the Portuguese Empire, the term "Viceroyalty of Brazil" is also occasionally used to designate the colonial State of Brazil, in the historic period while its governors had the title of "Viceroy". Some of the governors of Portuguese India were also called "Viceroy".
The viceroyalty was a local, political, social, and administrative institution, created by the Spanish monarchy in the 16th century, for ruling its overseas territories.
The administration over the vast territories of the Spanish Empire was carried out by viceroys, who became governors of an area, which was considered not as a colony but as a province of the empire, with the same rights as any other province in Peninsular Spain.
The Spanish Americas had four viceroyalties:
- Viceroyalty of New Spain
- Viceroyalty of Peru
- Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
- Viceroyalty of New Granada
- The representative of the British executive in Ireland from the Williamite period until independence was known as the Viceroy of Ireland.
- British Raj, which was governed by a Governor-General and Viceroy, commonly shortened to "Viceroy of India".