Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria is the capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast. The city has a population of 85,792, and the Greater Victoria Area has a population of 367,770. Victoria is the 7th-most densely populated city in Canada with 4,405.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (11,411/sq mi).
|The Corporation of the City of Victoria|
Semper Liber (Latin)
|Historic colonies||C. of Vancouver Island (1848–66)|
C. of British Columbia (1866–71)
|Incorporated||2 August 1862|
|Named for||Queen Victoria|
|• Type||Elected city council|
|• Mayor||Lisa Helps|
(List of mayors)
|• Governing body||Victoria City Council|
|• MP||Laurel Collins (NDP)|
|• MLAs||Grace Lore (BC NDP), Rob Fleming (BC NDP)|
|• City||19.47 km2 (7.52 sq mi)|
|• Urban||215.88 km2 (83.35 sq mi)|
|• Metro||696.15 km2 (268.79 sq mi)|
|Elevation||23 m (75 ft)|
|• City||85,792 (66th)|
|• Density||4,406.3/km2 (11,412/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,555.0/km2 (4,027/sq mi)|
|• Metro||367,770 (15th)|
|• Metro density||528.3/km2 (1,368/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−08:00 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−07:00 (PDT)|
|Forward sortation area|
|Area codes||250, 778, and 236|
|NTS Map||92B6 Victoria|
|GDP (Victoria CMA)||CA$19.7 billion (2016)|
|GDP per capita (Victoria CMA)||CA$53,446 (2016)|
Victoria is the southernmost major city in Western Canada and is about 100 km (60 mi) southwest from British Columbia's largest city of Vancouver on the mainland. The city is about 100 km (60 mi) from Seattle by airplane, ferry, or the Victoria Clipper passenger-only ferry, and 40 km (25 mi) from Port Angeles, Washington, by ferry Coho across the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
Named for Queen Victoria, the city is one of the oldest in the Pacific Northwest, with British settlement beginning in 1843. The city has retained a large number of its historic buildings, in particular its two most famous landmarks, the Parliament Buildings (finished in 1897 and home of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia) and the Empress hotel (opened in 1908). The city's Chinatown is the second oldest in North America after San Francisco's. The region's Coast Salish First Nations peoples established communities in the area long before European settlement, which had large populations at the time of European exploration.
Known as "The Garden City", Victoria is an attractive city and a popular tourism destination with a regional technology sector that has risen to be its largest revenue-generating private industry. Victoria is in the top twenty of world cities for quality-of-life, according to Numbeo. The city has a large non-local student population, who come to attend the University of Victoria, Victoria College of Art, Camosun College, the Canadian College of Performing Arts, and high school programs run by the region's three school districts. Victoria is popular with boaters with its rugged shorelines and beaches. Victoria is also popular with retirees, who come to enjoy the temperate and usually snow-free climate of the area as well as the usually relaxed pace of the city.