Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations is an international treaty that defines a framework for consular relations between sovereign states. It codifies many consular practices that originated from state custom and various bilateral agreements between states.
|Drafted||22 April 1963|
|Signed||24 April 1963|
|Effective||19 March 1967|
|Condition||Ratification by 22 states|
|Parties||181 (as of June 2021)|
|Depositary||UN Secretary-General (Convention and the two Protocols)|
Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria (Final Act)
|Citations||596 U.N.T.S. 261; 23 U.S.T. 3227|
|Languages||Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish|
|Vienna Convention on Consular Relations at Wikisource|
Consuls have traditionally been employed to represent the interests of state's or their nationals at an embassy or consulate in another country. The Convention defines and articulates the functions, rights, and immunities accorded to consular officers and their offices, as well as the rights and duties of "receiving States" (where the consul is based) and "sending States" (the state the consul represents).